Fatal 737 MAX crashes represent the "
" of a series of engineering flaws, Boeing mismanagement and a lack of oversight by the aviation regulator (FAA) , said a US Congressional Transport Committee on Wednesday.
Read also: The American regulator investigates manufacturing defects of the Boeing 787
This 239-page final report on the Lion Air crashes in October 2018 and Ethiopan Airlines in March 2019 is the result of 18 months of investigation, more than 20 hearings and a 600,000-page review of documents.
contains disturbing revelations of how Boeing - under pressure to compete with Airbus and make profits for Wall Street - escaped FAA scrutiny, withheld critical information from pilots and ultimately put planes into service. who killed 346 innocent people
, ”commented House of Representatives Transport Committee Chairman Peter DeFazio in a statement.
The document brings "
to Congress a roadmap on the steps we need to take to strengthen aviation safety and regulatory transparency, increase federal oversight and improve corporate accountability to ensure that the history of the Boeing 737 MAX is never repeated
, ” he added.
We learned many difficult lessons from the crashes on Lion Air Flight 610 and Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302, as well as from the mistakes we made,
” said Boeing.
We have worked hard to strengthen our safety culture and restore trust with our customers, regulators and the public,
” the group also underlined.
The report highlights five themes, starting with the strong financial pressure on Boeing and the 737 MAX program to hurry, in order to cope with Airbus' new aircraft, the A320 Neo.
The document also blames the assumptions made by Boeing about essential technologies of the aircraft, including the MCAS anti-stall software implicated in the two accidents, as well as the culture of concealment that prevails within the manufacturer and prevented it from sharing information. crucial information with the authorities, its customers and the pilots of the 737 MAX.
The report's authors also highlight how the regulator, the FAA, oversees Boeing, which they say creates “
inherent conflicts of interest
,” as well as Boeing's too much influence over the FAA.