It is a fracture within the Muslim community itself which, five years after the attacks targeting “Charlie Hebdo”, has still not been resolved.
As if history repeated itself, as if the lessons addressed by the Republic standing up to its citizens had not been learned and understood.
For some of the faithful, especially young people, crossed this Sunday afternoon in the popular district of Val-Fourré in Mantes-la-Jolie (Yvelines), show caricatures of the prophet to schoolchildren as did Professor Samuel Paty should be banned in our country.
For others, conversely, these satirical cartoons can be exhibited to students of all faiths in the name of freedom of expression, even if "we have the right not to laugh or not to them. like ".
"He is not a Muslim, he is a patient"
The division does not go beyond: all the inhabitants we questioned are, in fact, unanimous in condemning the barbarism committed by the young Chechen refugee.
"He is not a Muslim, he is a patient, an isolated individual who has done anything," protests Mohamed, a 42-year-old technician.
When we discuss with him the caricatures of Muhammad presented to Samuel Paty's 4th year class, he spontaneously judges the subject to be "sensitive" and "delicate".
“We are in a country of rights.
If he wants to show them, he shows them.
But to me, it's hurtful, it's like he's insulting my parents.
What is sacred should remain so.
Caricature the President of the Republic, why not?
But religion is different.
Shouldn't we put limits on this freedom?
VIDEO. Conflans attack: "A professor has the right to show these cartoons"
Conflans attack: "A professor has the right to show these cartoons"
For Aya, a 15-year-old high school student, the history and geography teacher “played with fire”.
“He had a kind of courage, but it was dangerous.
He should have been a little more careful, thinking about the consequences.
He knew that it could affect Muslims ”, she considers while recalling that“ in Islam, we do not kill ”and that the assailant“ had nothing in his head ”.
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Ibrahima, a computer scientist in his thirties, believes that the prophet's mocking drawings have their place in the school world.
“The teacher has done his job.
What he showed is a caricature, not the prophet.
It doesn't shock me because I know it's not him, it doesn't make me hot or cold.
We have the right to say what we want in France, to believe or not to believe.
For a teacher, it is a duty to teach freedom of expression to our children.
At school, we transmit the values of freedom and develop critical thinking.
There is no incompatibility with what we learn through religion, ”insists this Senegalese, a summer bob on his head.
Mantes-la-Jolie, this Sunday.
For Ibrahima, “the teacher has done his job.
What he showed is a caricature, it is not the prophet ”.
LP / Arnaud Dumontier
And to denounce "ignorance" and "the influence of countries like Saudi Arabia" among those who think otherwise.
"They have the culture of religion but not the knowledge," he tackles.
He is angry with the assassin of the professor from Conflans-Sainte-Honorine.
“He shames me.
The prophet is angry with him.
I do not have the words to describe this horrible exaction, it is even stronger than a terrorist act, ”he describes.
Mohamed, 64, with a Palestinian keffiyeh around his neck, is also "very angry" with this "barbarian".
“I don't like
but I respect the right to caricature,” he repeats.
13-year-old Iannis is not on the same page.
“Showing the naked prophet, I think it should be forbidden.
His body could at least have been blurred ", suggests, very seriously, this college student," favorable to freedom of expression but not when it concerns religion and the sacred ".
"By showing these cartoons, he spat on our religion"
“Anyway, we shouldn't draw it, nobody knows what it looks like,” says 12-year-old Marwa.
“The teacher didn't deserve to die, obviously, but he went too far.
By showing these caricatures, he spat on our religion, ”said a 17-year-old high school student in final year.
Sarah, 12, disagrees.
"If it is in civic education programs, he has every right," she breathes under the approving gaze of her friends.
For Fatima, a 49-year-old Moroccan, “everyone will be judged by their actions by God”.
"But as a Muslim, I do not agree that we ridicule the prophet", specifies this employee of a cleaning company.
“Why did the teacher focus on Muhammad and not show caricatures of Jesus in the same class?
She asks herself.
She finds that he "made a mistake" in choosing that of the "naked prophet".
“On the other hand, it's good that he suggested that students who might be upset leave the class,” she said.
“But everyone does what they want, we are free in France!
», Recalls Mustapha, 47, who works in security.
What bothers him are, “as after every attack”, the amalgamations conveyed by “those who do not differentiate between Muslims and Islamist terrorists”.