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A 1700-year-old boundary stone, bearing the name "Kfar Nefach" in Greek, was found in the Golan - Walla! Tourism

2020-10-27T07:47:58.541Z

"Nefah" was the name of a Syrian village that lived in the Golan until the Six Day War, but an inscription with the name "Nefah" in Greek was found on a boundary stone that was recently uncovered in excavations at the site. Archaeologists: It is exciting that the name of the place has been preserved for so many years, even though there was no settlement sequence "



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A 1700-year-old boundary stone, bearing the name "Kfar Nefach" in Greek, was found in the Golan

"Nefah" was the name of a Syrian village that lived in the Golan until the Six Day War, but an inscription with the name "Nefah" in Greek was found on a boundary stone that was recently uncovered in excavations at the site.

Archaeologists: It is exciting that the name of the place has been preserved for so many years, even though there was no settlement sequence "

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  • Archeology

  • The Golan Heights

Ziv Reinstein

Tuesday, October 27, 2020, 9:00 p.m.

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A boundary stone at the site of the excavation by volume (Photo: Assaf Peretz, Israel Antiquities Authority)

The name "Volume Camp" has recently made headlines in the series "Lock Time" here 11, but an archeological excavation conducted in the Golan Heights last month reveals that the name "Volume" was given to the site as early as 1700 years ago.



This was discovered during an archeological excavation conducted by the Israel Antiquities Authority before laying a volume water pipeline at the initiative of Mekorot.

This is part of the projects carried out by the company for laying water lines in the Golan Heights, with a total length of 20 km. The water line of Nefah-Kedmat Zvi will serve as the main water line in the water supply system to IDF bases in the Golan Heights and the city of Katzrin.

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Excavation by volume - aerial view (Photo: Assaf Peretz Israel Antiquities Authority)

It turns out that the name "volume" was given to the place as early as 1700 years ago.

Excavation site (Photo: Assaf Peretz Israel Antiquities Authority)

The boundary stones were erected in the days of the Roman emperor Diocletian

An excavation, led by Dina Avshalom Gorni and Yardena Alexander of the Israel Antiquities Authority, and with the participation of pre-military preparatory students from Ein Baruch and Kela-Alon and volunteers from the community, surprisingly revealed a stone with an inscription in Greek.

The stone was discovered in secondary use, as a cover stone for the tomb.



The decipherment of the inscription by Dr. Danny Sion of the Israel Antiquities Authority, together with Prof. Haim Ben-David of the Kinneret Academic College, aroused great excitement



.

These stones were placed in the days of the Roman emperor Diocletian (around 300 AD) within the boundaries of villages, for the purpose of collecting taxes.

This is the first boundary stone in the center of the Golan on which appears a name that has been preserved to this day;

Volume was the name of a Syrian village stayed there until the Six Day War, and the name of the military camp of volume, existing today. "



She added that" generally conserved ancient names as a result of continuous settlement, which preserves the old names from generation to generation.

However, such a sequence did not exist in volume, and from the Byzantine period - about 1500 years ago, until the modern period, settlement is not known, except in the Mamluk period (13th-15th century AD).

For this reason, the preservation of the name is intriguing and astonishing.

Finding the boundary stone on which a settlement has been preserved to this day is a rare occurrence.

The stone reinforces the possibility that ancient names of settlements have been preserved for many generations, even when there was no settlement sequence. "

The boundary stone with the inscription revealed in the volume (Photo: Assaf Peretz Israel Antiquities Authority)

The address (Photo: Assaf Peretz Israel Antiquities Authority)

According to the excavation directors, Jordana Alexander and Dina Avshalom-Gorni of the Israel Antiquities Authority, "The fascinating excavation revealed a public building from the Mamluk period, which served as a road station. This is the first government public building from the Mamluk period excavated in the Golan. "It was used as a parking and resting place for merchants and government officials who passed through this road. Here they dined, renewed their travel equipment and cared for horses.



Remains of a kiln and iron slag were found in the courtyard of the building. .



Eyal Ben David, Director of Project Management at Mekorot, "As a company that devotes a lot of resources to building new water infrastructure throughout Israel, to strengthening the stability of the water economy also in the future, we are happy for the opportunity we have to contribute to preserving the heritage of the past. Laying of the volume water pipeline - Kedmat Zvi, which will serve as the main water line in the water supply system for IDF bases in the Golan Heights and the city of Katzrin.

Workers lift the boundary stone that was discovered in the volume (Photo: Assaf Peretz, Israel Antiquities Authority)

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Source: walla

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