Red card or green flag? After seven weeks of confinement, the French impatiently await their pass. In view of a gradual deconfinement, from May 11, the executive presented, Thursday and Friday evening, a provisional map classifying the departments in red, green or orange, depending on the state of the epidemic and services resuscitation.
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About a third of the departments are classified red: unsurprisingly, the whole of Île-de-France as well as the northeast quarter, the two main areas affected. The rest of the country is divided between green, in the west, and orange. If departments are temporarily tinged with orange, it is because the indicators do not yet allow a decision. The map will be updated daily until May 7: only two categories will remain, green and red. Two colors which will determine the level of relaxation of the restrictions from the deconfinement.
Green zone, red zone, what will that change?
What will be the differences, on May 11, between the red departments, where the virus is still actively circulating, and the green departments, where the situation appears less tense? "There are a number of obligations that will be common to the green departments and the red departments," the Prime Minister insisted on Tuesday. Concretely, social distancing measures, barrier gestures, the closing of cafes, restaurants, cinemas, beaches and large shopping centers will remain in force at least until June 2 throughout France. While festivals and sporting events beyond 5000 people will still be banned.
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In the green departments, a lesser presence of the virus will make it possible to organize a wider deconfinement, with in particular the opening of nurseries, parks and gardens, "small museums" and certain natural sites, as well as the resumption of the college . In those classified red, they will remain closed, as may be "certain shops" or "outdoor places" , said the Minister of Health Olivier Véran. Primary schools will reopen from May 11, regardless of color.
What is the relevance of orange?
Territories classified orange only present one of the two criteria, the active circulation of the virus or the capacities for resuscitation. These departments can switch to either side by May 7.
Can we move from a red department to a green one? Or the opposite?
The goal is always to limit the circulation of the virus, the French are invited to continue to telework as long as they can. However, travel between departments of different colors will be possible, as long as they remain within the limit of the authorized 100 km. "This is not the time to leave your department to go on weekends!" , hammered Édouard Philippe. We want to reduce interregional or departmental trips to only compelling professional or family reasons. And so we will continue to reduce the offer, to require a compulsory reservation on all trains, TGV or not. ” If the exit certificates will be deleted up to 100 km from the home, they will remain beyond that, therefore mentioning the "compelling reasons" , personal or professional, which justify this long distance trip.
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The urban transport offer will be gradually increased, promises the government, in ways to be defined by region. In Paris, for example, 70% of the RATP's metros and buses will be gradually restored by May 11. The capacity will however be reduced to respect physical distance, for at least three weeks from May 11. Transport operators must organize themselves to ensure compliance with physical distance measures: condemnation of one seat in two, marking on the ground, etc. The wearing of the mask will be compulsory in public transport, taxis, VTC and carpooling vehicles.
What will happen if a green department turns red?
Asked Thursday about LCI about possible backtracking, once the deconfinement implemented, Olivier Véran confirmed that the public authorities could be led to take reverse decisions, in consultation with local elected officials and the prefect. "If we have alerts about the appearance of clusters, we may be more easily led to take closure measures or additional restrictive measures , " said the minister. Before stressing: “It is not reasonable to resume a social life. It would be a terrible collective error. ”
And for the holidays?
"Tourism can only resume concentrically at first, with an ultra-close clientele , " warned Wednesday the Secretary of State for Tourism Jean-Baptiste Lemoyne. The French will therefore take holidays "near their home" , favoring the natural sites of the departments classified green. A re-evaluation is planned for the end of May to establish whether it is possible to enter a new phase of deconfinement from June 2.