Written by: Zheng Rongdi, Chen Jialuo
2020-07-01 12:08Last update date: 2020-07-01 12:10
The Hong Kong version of the National Security Law has been formally implemented. The provisions stipulate four types of crime definitions and penalties. Among them, "collusion of collusion with foreign or foreign forces endangering national security" can be imprisoned for life.
Zhang Xiaoming, deputy director of the Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office, said at a press conference today (1st) that "collusion" in crimes is not communication in the general sense, and there is no problem of committing crimes in normal foreign exchanges. He pointed out that some people in Hong Kong are not very familiar with the term "collusion". This is all the concept in Chinese punishment, and other countries have similar provisions in punishment.
He mentioned that if someone evoked social hatred against the government through rumors, similar to last year's anti-revision law storm, a man-made rumored prince station killed people, which may constitute a crime.
Zhang Xiaoming, deputy director of the Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office. (CCTV screenshot)
Stealing, spying, buying, or illegally providing state secrets or intelligence related to national security for foreign or overseas institutions, organizations, and personnel; requesting foreign or foreign institutions, organizations, and personnel to implement, and colluding with foreign or overseas institutions, organizations, and personnel to implement It is a crime to directly or indirectly accept the instructions, control, subsidies, or other forms of support from foreign or overseas institutions, organizations, or personnel to perform one of the following acts.Definition of "crime of collusion with foreign or foreign forces endangering national security"
Zhang Xiaoming: "Initiating Hate" Law Copying Hong Kong
Zhang Xiaoming pointed out that the word "collusion" literally means "collusion to do bad things with each other", which is a derogatory term; in the criminal law, "collusion" means "conspiracy to commit crimes". Article 29 of the National Security Law clearly stipulates the act of collusion. There are clear limits on what acts may constitute a crime. In short, there must be foreign-related factors and specific acts, including subjective intention to endanger national security.
As mentioned in Article 29 of the National Security Law, various illegal methods trigger the hatred of Hong Kong residents towards the central government or the Hong Kong SAR government and may cause serious consequences, which is a crime. Zhang Xiaoming pointed out that the relevant concept is to copy Hong Kong law. The "Regulations" contains a provision that "causes residents to hate the government and may constitute a crime", which precisely reflects the fact that Chinese laws take full account of the actual situation of Hong Kong in the process of enactment, the provisions of Hong Kong's current laws, and the concepts and customs of common law. Be absorbed.
The act of "collusion of foreign or foreign forces endangering national security"
(1) Waging war against the People's Republic of China, or threatening it with force or force, causing serious harm to the sovereignty, unity, and territorial integrity of the People's Republic of China;
(2) Serious obstruction of the formulation and implementation of laws and policies by the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region or the Central People's Government and may cause serious consequences;
(3) Manipulating and destroying elections in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and possibly causing serious consequences;
(4) Sanctions, blockades or other hostile actions against the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region or the People's Republic of China;
(5) Through various illegal methods, the residents of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region arouse the hatred of the Central People's Government or the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and may cause serious consequences.
8.31 Prince Station incident. (Profile picture)
Asking foreign governments to sanction China is collusion
He said that general hatred cannot constitute a crime, and only serious consequences can constitute a crime. For example, if someone triggers social hatred against the government through rumors, similar to last year’s anti-revision law storm, an artificial prince station was killed. Human incidents have focused social dissatisfaction on the Hong Kong police. If such a false incident comes from the central government and is malicious and has serious consequences, it may constitute a crime.
Zhang Xiaoming mentioned that some people went to foreign countries to beg for foreign governments to enact laws and sanctions against China during the anti-revision laws last year. This is also a deliberate act and can be convicted and punished if serious consequences are caused.
Hong Kong version of National Security Law Zhang Xiaoming Hong Kong and Macau Office