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Hong Kong version of the National Security Law|Zhang Xiaoming: The National Security Law is not retroactive and has been punished with the existing laws of Hong Kong

2020-07-02T15:37:00.296Z

Today is the 23rd anniversary of the return of July 1st. The Standing Committee of the National People's Congress voted to pass the "National Security Law of the Hong Kong District" yesterday. The State Council Information Office will hold a press conference at 10 o'clock this morning to introduce the relevant situation of the Law on the Maintenance of National Security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Zhang Xiaoming, executive deputy director of the Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office and Shen Chunyao, director of the Legal Work Committee of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, attended the media to respond to media questions.



Political situation

Written by: Zheng Rongdi, Lin Jian, Zhou Lixi, Huang Fengyi

2020-07-01 09:55

Last update date: 2020-07-01 12:56

Today is the 23rd anniversary of the return of July 1st. The Standing Committee of the National People's Congress voted to pass the "National Security Law of the Hong Kong District" yesterday. The State Council Information Office will hold a press conference at 10 o'clock this morning to introduce the relevant situation of the Law on the Maintenance of National Security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Zhang Xiaoming, executive deputy director of the Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office and Shen Chunyao, director of the Legal Work Committee of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, attended the media to respond to media questions.

[12:15] A reporter from Singapore’s Lianhe Zaobao asked whether the United States recently announced sanctions on the Hong Kong issue, including restrictions on the entry of relevant Chinese officials, and the withdrawal of special treatment in Hong Kong. Are they worried about the outbreak of financial war between China and the United States that will shake Hong Kong’s The status of an international financial center.

Zhang Xiaoming pointed out that if the Americans "have a bullying habit," they feel that they have not been chaotic enough in their country, and take these "self-destruction may be greater than others" actions to pass on the crisis, then "try it." He threatened that it was nothing more than to give China a chance to demonstrate its power to fight back in self-defense.

He mentioned that after US Secretary of State Pompeo and Secretary of Commerce Ross announced the "so-called sanctions" operation in the past two days, China has immediately responded and imposed immigration and visa restrictions on officials who have performed badly on Hong Kong-related issues, referring to this as "you I will do the fifteenth day of the first day. As long as the United States takes action, China and the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region will definitely have to counter it.

Zhang Xiaoming also pointed out that Hong Kong's special economic status has been formed for a long time. It has been hard-working by several generations of Hong Kong, and has been widely recognized by the international community and protected by the Basic Law. He is not so worried about the status of Hong Kong’s international financial center. He believes that Hong Kong’s status, prosperity and stability depend on two factors. One is Hong Kong’s own business environment and financial advantages; the other is the momentum of the motherland’s economic development. Support strength. Zhang Xiaoming expressed confidence in these two points, so he is also full of confidence in the future of Hong Kong.

[12:01] The Phoenix Satellite TV reporter asked whether the "Minato City National Security Law" prevents, suppresses and punishes acts that endanger national security while restricting the freedom of Hong Kong residents, whether it violates the "International Covenant on Human Rights" and relevant local laws of Hong Kong. The conflict?

Shen Chunyao said that the National Constitution clearly stipulates that the country governs the country according to law, respects and protects human rights, and it is also clearly stipulated in the general provisions of the "Minato City National Security Law."

He pointed out that any power has clear boundaries stipulated by law, and if it crosses the bottom line and scope, it must bear corresponding legal responsibilities. This is also clearly stated in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. "Absolute rights and freedoms are impossible," he cited as an example. As in the epidemic prevention work, everyone is responsible for epidemic prevention during the New Coronary Pneumonia epidemic, but some countries do not do so, saying that they will restrict human freedom. And power. Maintaining national security and public order are also bounded by boundaries and requirements, and must be balanced. "The situation in different countries is different. The United States also has the freedom to hold a gun."

[11:57] A reporter asked whether the cases of violation of national security that occurred before the enactment of the National Security Law will not be investigated?

Zhang Xiaoming responded that Hong Kong’s National Security Law is consistent with the general provisions of international law, that is, it is not retroactive, and it also shows that the law complies with modern legal principles. However, he emphasized that the existing laws in Hong Kong, such as the Criminal Offences Ordinance and the Public Security Ordinance, have provisions concerning national security. These laws and regulations should be applied to punish crimes that have already occurred.

Zhang Xiaoming also pointed out that Article 8 of the National Security Law of Hong Kong clearly requires that law enforcement and judicial organs in Hong Kong prevent, prohibit and punish acts that endanger national security. The legal responsibility of the judiciary also includes crime prevention. He pointed out that sincerely hope that after the adoption of the National Security Law, Hong Kong society can earnestly study and understand the laws, enhance national awareness, safeguard national security, and the concept of the rule of law. It is necessary to make up for this lesson in school education, and hope that young people are patriotic, love Hong Kong and abide by the law Good children have bright prospects and a bright future.

[11:49] The British "Times" reporter asked how the chief executive appointed the judge who tried the national security law, how to maintain judicial independence. Shen Chunyao pointed out that the China-Hong Kong legal system also has clear provisions on judicial independence and judges' independent exercise of judicial power. As for the judges who hear Guoan cases are appointed by the chief executive, this has no effect on the independent exercise of the judicial power of the court judges.

He pointed out that the system for designating judges has the following meanings: 1. Designated from existing judges, not personnel other than judges; 2. Judges who are responsible for national security and are not within the designated scope, still have the authority of judges to try other cases, the National Security Law is only One of many laws; 3. The Chief Executive designates a range, appointing several judges, not specific cases; 4. Before the Chief Executive appoints a judge, he may consult the Chief Judge of the National Security Council and the Court of Final Appeal; 5. Independent trial Without any interference.

Shen Chunyao pointed out that the central government has the main responsibility for safeguarding national security, and also takes into account the actual situation of the legal system of Hong Kong. This system arrangement is conducive to arranging some experienced and high-quality judges and unifying the standard of judges.

[11:37] A reporter from Xinhua asked the National Security Law that the Central Government can exercise jurisdiction over crimes that endanger national security. What are the relevant principles? What is the division of jurisdiction between the Central Government and the Hong Kong Government?

Shen Chunyao replied that the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region has constitutional responsibilities in safeguarding national security. The law stipulates that the Hong Kong Government should establish a National Security Committee. The committee has its clear positioning, assumes its primary responsibility, and accepts the supervision of the Central People’s Government. Reflected in the jurisdiction of the case is also to comply with and implement this spirit.

He pointed out that the Hong Kong government exercises jurisdiction over criminal cases prescribed by law, except for the three cases specified in Article 55 of the National Security Law, that is, the case involves complex situations involving the intervention of foreign or foreign forces. The jurisdiction of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region does have difficulties; The serious situation in which the government of the special administrative region cannot effectively implement this law; there are situations where national security faces a major practical threat.

 Shen Chunyao pointed out that the above three situations are specific situations, and they are also reluctant to see these situations, but the system construction must take into account various risks and factors. It also stated that the National Security Agency’s start-up procedures for exercising jurisdiction have clear and strict legal provisions, which must be proposed by the Minato District Government, or by the National Security Agency in Hong Kong, and must be approved by the Central People’s Government before it can exercise central jurisdiction over relevant cases. right.

The investigation of the case is the responsibility of the National Security Office in Hong Kong, the prosecution is the responsibility of the procuratorate designated by the Supreme People’s Procuratorate, and the trial is the responsibility of the highest person

[11:27] A reporter from Hong Kong Dagong Wenhui Group asked that the National Security Law stipulates that future elections must sign documents in accordance with the law, and anyone who is found to be in violation of the National Security Law is not eligible to participate in the election. Eligibility for election, whether loyalty zone includes allegiance to the country.

Zhang Xiaoming responded that the National Security Law has relevant requirements, which are based on the provisions of Article 104 of the Basic Law on oaths, but there are two differences, including the more loyalty of the National Security Law, including all public officials. The second is that the National Security Law clearly stipulates that people who hold public office through elections must sign documents when they stand for election, support the Basic Law, and be loyal to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China.

Zhang Xiaoming pointed out that the object of loyalty undoubtedly includes the meaning of loyalty to the country, because Hong Kong is an inseparable part of the country as a local administrative region. Therefore, the object of loyalty must include the main body of the country. He mentioned that when the National People's Congress interpreted Article 104 of the Basic Law in November 2016, it had clearly stated that it was the People's Republic of China and its Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

As for whether the National Security Law abolishes the basis for Hong Kong opposition candidates, is it for DQ candidates? Zhang Xiaoming responded that this guess was too short-sighted and utilitarian, emphasizing that the central government’s focus is national security, and that "one country, two systems" is stable and far-reaching. The legislative point of view is much higher than this. If you oppose the National Security Law, you cannot participate in the election. He expressed his belief that the SAR will make specific definitions in accordance with the National Security Law and existing laws.

Zhang Xiaoming emphasized that the enactment of Hong Kong’s National Security Law is by no means to regard the opposition or the pan-population as a hypothetical enemy, but only to attack a very small number of people who endanger national security. He explained that Hong Kong is a pluralistic society and politically pluralistic. He believed that this reflected the tolerance of the central authorities and allowed Hong Kong to have different political opinions and different political opinions. He quoted the late state leader Deng Xiaoping as saying that Hong Kong can continue to speak against the Communist Party, but it cannot be turned into action. Zhang said that the rules of political games have a bottom line and cannot be broken through. He feels that the opposition camp in Hong Kong should reflect on it and make appropriate adjustments.

[11:15] A reporter asked if the SAR still needs to legislate on Article 23 of the Basic Law after the NPC legislation, and what is the relationship with the current law. Shen Chunyao pointed out that Article 23 is the most well-known clause in the relationship between the Mainland and the Mainland. When the National People's Congress proposed legislation, the Legal Work Committee had studied it carefully, and Article 23 required the Special Administrative Region to complete the national security legislation stipulated in the Basic Law as soon as possible and improve the relevant laws. This is very clear. Therefore, after the introduction of the National Security Law, the Special Administrative Region should also improve the relevant laws.

Specifically, Shen Chunyao pointed out that Article 23 stipulates that the SAR government should legislate to prohibit "any treason, split the country, incite rebellion, subvert the Central People’s Government and steal state secrets, and prohibit foreign political organizations or groups from carrying out politics in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Activities, it is forbidden for political organizations or groups in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region to establish contact with foreign political organizations or groups", a total of 7 behaviors. The decision of the National People's Congress only authorizes the formulation of prevention and suppression of four types of behavior. Only two of these behaviors overlap, so the two legal requirements are different.

Shen Chunyao also pointed out the important content of the National Security Law, which includes two levels, one is the system arrangement at the SAR level, and the other is the system arrangement at the national level, which includes the establishment and improvement of the legal system and enforcement mechanism; the substantive and procedural of the National Security Law 3. Organizational norms are much broader than the original 23 articles. He also mentioned that the laws promulgated by the National People's Congress do not replace the provisions of 23 SAR self-legislations.

Shen Chunyao pointed out that the SAR’s duty to maintain national security, including the improvement of relevant laws, may not be limited to 23 pieces of legislation, because part of other existing laws in Hong Kong, including the Societies Ordinance and the Crimes Ordinance, are also related to national security. In addition, the implementation of any legislation to safeguard national security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region must not conflict with the laws formulated by the National People's Congress and conform to national laws and the Constitution.

The rumored prince station police killed or constituted a crime

[11:08] A Reuters reporter asked what was the specific definition of collusion with foreign powers, and asked what behavior caused the hatred of Hong Kong citizens towards the central government and the Hong Kong government.

Zhang Xiaoming said that the "collusion" mentioned in the crime is not communication in the general sense, and there is no problem of committing crimes in normal normal external communication. It also refers to the fact that some people in Hong Kong are not very familiar with the term "collusion". This is all the concept in Chinese punishment, and other countries have similar provisions in punishment.

He refers to the literal meaning of this word as "collusion to do bad things with each other", which is a derogatory term; "collusion" in criminal law is "criminal conduct". Article 29 of the National Security Law clearly stipulates the behavior of collusion, and those acts have It may constitute a crime with a clear limit. In short, there must be foreign-related factors and specific behaviors, including subjective intention to endanger national security.

Regarding "triggering hatred," he is related to the concept of copying the laws of Hong Kong. The current criminal regulations in Hong Kong contain provisions that "trigger residents’ hatred of the government may constitute a crime." This precisely reflects the fact that Chinese laws fully take into account the actual situation of Hong Kong during the formulation process. , As well as the provisions of the laws in force in Hong Kong, as well as the concepts and customs of the common law, try to absorb them.

Zhang said that ordinary hatred cannot constitute a crime, and only serious consequences can constitute a crime. He cited, for example, that if someone provokes hatred in society against the government through rumors, similar to last year's anti-revision law storm, there was an artificial prince station The killing incident focused social dissatisfaction on the Hong Kong police. If such a false incident comes against the central government and is malicious and has serious consequences, it may constitute a crime.

Zhang Xiaoming mentioned that some people went to foreign countries to beg for foreign governments to enact laws and sanctions against China during the anti-revision laws last year. This is also a deliberate act and can be convicted and punished if serious consequences are caused.

[11:02] A reporter from Guangming Daily asked how the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region should understand national security.

Shen Chunyao responded that last year’s 19th Fourth Plenary Session proposed the establishment and improvement of the legal system of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, and this year’s 13th National People’s Congress clearly stated that the law has just been introduced at the national level, The content includes but is not limited to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region itself.

Shen Chunyao pointed out that the word has three meanings:

1. The SAR itself must maintain national security in accordance with the law. It is a very clear constitutional responsibility in law. The executive, legislative and judicial bodies of Hong Kong must perform their national security responsibilities in accordance with this law and other laws.

2. To maintain national security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, the central government has established institutions to maintain national security in the Special Administrative Region, and the original central organizations also have a certain relationship. Therefore, the second layer is regional and not limited to the Special Administrative Region itself.

3. For the national security affairs related to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, the central government has the fundamental responsibility, that is, the highest, ultimate and comprehensive responsibility. This level goes beyond the above two meanings. The state has this responsibility for the national security affairs related to the special zone, so it should have a broad understanding of this name.

[10:46] A reporter from Sing Tao Daily asked that the Western media recently designated the National Security Act as a violation of "one country, two systems", threatening China to be sanctioned. Zhang Xiaoming responded that the National Security Law of the port area is fully in line with the "One Country, Two Systems" policy of governance, and a law that perfectly respects one principle and incorporates the differences between the two systems. The effect of legislation is now foreseeable, and it will definitely make the practice of "one country, two systems" more stable and go further.

Zhang Xiaoming mentioned that some phenomena have already appeared in Hong Kong, deviating from the correct track of "one country, two systems", and even challenging the bottom line of "one country, two systems." To a certain extent, this law is to correct deviations, "it is to be closer to the direction of one country. "One point", the ultimate goal is to improve rather than change "one country, two systems."

He pointed out that in the past two days, foreign politicians have publicly accused China of pursuing "one system, one system" in Hong Kong. "If we want to engage in one country, one system, this matter will be simple. We can completely treat the People's Republic of China China’s criminal law, criminal procedure law and other national laws are directly enforced in Hong Kong. Why should it cost so much to create a national security law for Hong Kong?”

Zhang Xiaoming said that no matter in Hong Kong or internationally, some people distort the roots of "one country, two systems." Whenever the central government exercises certain rights in accordance with the law, some people in the west come out to accuse China of destroying one country, two systems. On the contrary, they can freely point their fingers." Instead, they asked how the central government ignored the separatist activities in Hong Kong and emphasized that one country, two systems is China's national policy. No one knows how to cherish one country, two systems better than China, and no one knows the true meaning of one country, two systems better than China. It also has the right to define or interpret.

Regarding foreign sanctions against Chinese officials, Zhang Xiaoming described it as "robber logic", referring to the central government's enactment of a national administrative law for the maintenance of national security in China, which is entirely China's internal affairs. "I didn't invite you to provoke you. Why should you move me?" Rough? What does this matter to you?" He also quoted Cantonese, referring to the spoken language that Hong Kong people like to say, "Something's wrong, what's up with you?" He also pointed out that the Chinese have looked at people's faces and admired them. Never go back.

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[10:53] A reporter asked that Hong Kong society has some questions about the National Security Law: 1. Whether the National Security Office in Hong Kong is regulated by Article 22 of the Basic Law; 2. According to Article 60 of the National Security Law, when the National Security Office personnel perform their duties It is not subject to the jurisdiction of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. How to understand this; 3. How the Office will enforce the law and whether Hong Kong people will be sent to the Mainland for trial.

Zhang Xiaoming pointed out that the central government has the right and responsibility to implement necessary measures on national security. This is the basic starting point for the central government to consider all specific issues. He referred to the National Security Office in Hong Kong as the country's "sending agency", which is different from "the various departments, provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the Central Government" under Article 22 of the Basic Law.

Regarding the provisions of Article 60 of the National Security Law, Zhang Xiaoming stated that the performance of the office of the public security agency is not under the jurisdiction of the administrative, legislative and judicial organs of the Special Administrative Region. This is to ensure that the National Security Office needs to perform its duties according to law. When it comes to state secrets, the SAR can’t control it. It is reasonable and reasonable. It also refers to the provisions of the Garrison Law and is also an international practice.

He cited, for example, that the United States also has two federal and state judicial systems, and some things the state government cannot control. However, Zhang Xiaoming emphasized that the National Security Agency is not without rule, because the National Security Law itself also has strict regulations on the procedures and supervision of law enforcement by the National Security Agency.

Regarding law enforcement, Zhang Xiaoming pointed out that Article 55 of the National Security Law stipulates that the central government shall only exercise law enforcement power in three specific situations, and the provisions have been clearly written. Zhang Xiaoming mentioned that this takes into account that the legal system of Hong Kong is different from the Mainland. The relevant institutions in the Mainland and the relevant institutions in the SAR are different judicial subjects. They should and can only enforce their own laws. The Hong Kong police and the Department of Justice cannot enforce the laws of the Mainland, and vice versa. Ran. Therefore, Zhang Xiaoming refers to the two law enforcement and judicial teams, each forming a one-stop whole process of filing and investigating justice, each with its own responsibility, clear division of labor, and clear division of jurisdiction.

On May 28, 2020, the National People's Congress of China passed the "Hong Kong version of the National Security Law" with 2,878 votes in favor, 1 against and 6 abstentions. (AP)

[10:29] When we came to the questioning session, we first asked questions from CCTV. The National Security Act of the Minato District completed the work within a month. Are there procedures and have you listened to the opinions of Hong Kong?

Shen Chunyao responded that it took more than a month before and after the promulgation of the law this time. It was a relatively short period of time to complete the decision and legislation. Several factors are very important:

1. There is a wide range of legislative calls. He quoted Wang Chen, vice chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, when he explained that, he also expressed this meaning. Shen Zhi said that during the National People's Congress and the National People's Congress this year, NPC deputies and members of the CPPCC National Committee all called for faster development and introduction of relevant laws. He pointed out that they have also heard a lot of relevant opinions. The work report of the National People's Congress also has relevant requirements. It is necessary to speed up legislation. Therefore, for a certain period of time, people from all walks of life in Hong Kong, including Hong Kong, have expressed their voices and wishes. It is a broad consensus.

2. Have a solid working foundation. Shen said that in the process of research and drafting decisions by the relevant central authorities, the same ministry drafted laws and were closely connected. The explanation at the third meeting of the National People's Congress also showed that the implementation of each NPC session, one country, two systems, etc.

In terms of legislation, Shen pointed out that implementing the requirements decided by the General Assembly in legislation is the spirit and requirements of the 13th National People's Congress, and is fully implemented and reflected through the law. He pointed out that relevant departments and legal experts, including those who are familiar with Hong Kong law, concentrated their efforts on completing the draft text, describing the legislation as the result of collective efforts.

He mentioned that during the legislative process, opinions were solicited before the draft was completed, and opinions were also heard from various channels after the completion of the draft. During the deliberations of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, they also heard opinions, including the Liaison Office, etc. All parties have listened to the opinions of the parties, especially the views of the Chief Executive of Hong Kong, officials, the chairman of the Legislative Council, the establishment system, the representatives of the Hong Kong District People’s Congress, the Political Consultative Conference and the legal profession, as well as the opinions of municipalities and scholars. Opinions also come from the opinions of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress.

3. The National People's Congress Committee paid close attention to the legislative agenda, including the legislative process of the NPC session and the Standing Committee, adjusted work arrangements, and accelerated legislation. The deliberations are generally from one to three trials. The Legislation Law stipulates that they can be adjusted after two trials, so this time the legislation was completed 19th and 20th. There is also a general draft law where the National People's Congress publicly solicited opinions after the first trial. However, according to Article 37 of the Legislation Law, it is possible to keep it private. However, this time there are particularities and sensitivities, so there is no way to publicly solicit opinions.

Shen Chunyao pointed out that the process of enacting the National Security Law fully complies with China's procedures for enacting laws. The new law incorporated in Annex III of the Basic Law is a requirement of both the "Decision" and the Basic Law. It has asked the Basic Law Commission and the SAR Government for their opinions, and is also an important channel to listen to opinions.

[10:28] Zhang Xiaoming pointed out that the National Security Law is a turning point in the development of Hong Kong. On the first anniversary of the storm in Hong Kong, he still has a lot of grievances and fears. Many people say that they want to emigrate because of the "black storm".

He pointed out that during the earlier attendance at the forum, some members of the Legislative Council reported that a friend himself was doing immigration formalities in Singapore, which was about to be completed, but after hearing the legislation of the National Security Law, he tore off the form in person and said excitedly: "Hong Kong Saved."

Zhang Xiaoming pointed out that many of the friends at the symposium shared this view, believing that the National Security Law made Hong Kong into chaos and rebirth, and it could "reverse the world" and "go ahead." He also mentioned that there was a wave of immigration and divestment in Hong Kong before the reunification, but all fears and doubts were eliminated by time and facts.

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[10:25] Zhang Xiaoming, deputy director of the Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office of the State Council, said that this law is a sign of the central government’s strategy for improving Hong Kong. How to govern Hong Kong under the one-country-two-system policy, which uses the capitalist system and has complicated political conditions, is a major issue that the central government has been exploring. The Fourth Plenary Session held last year, from the overall strategic perspective of advancing the national governance system and modernizing governance capabilities, made major arrangements for improving the system of one country, two systems.

This law is an important measure for the implementation of the deployment, marking that the central government pays more attention to the top-level design of the governance system; it pays more attention to the rule of law thinking; it pays more attention to the combination of specimens, rigidity and softness; and it pays more attention to the use of the power given to the central government by the Constitution and the Basic Law. In combination with the governance system of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, we firmly grasp the general direction and dominance of the development of the situation in Hong Kong. These will be transformed into governance effectiveness in the future.

Zhang Xiaoming also pointed out that the National Security Law is the "guardian deity" of Hong Kong's prosperity and stability. Hong Kong was governed by the United Kingdom for more than 150 years. The real prosperity and stability occurred after the 1980s. This has given a lot of inspiration. It is Hong Kong’s close reliance on the mainland to connect the world and continue to consolidate its position as an international financial and trading center. And with its own unique position and advantages to give the country's reform and opening up and modernization, to form a benign interaction with the country. The above is crucial to the prosperity and stability of Hong Kong. If all kinds of anti-China chaotic Hong Kong forces are allowed to make waves in Hong Kong and even turn Hong Kong into a base for infiltration and subversion in the Mainland, this will definitely be a disaster or a blessing for Hong Kong.

[10:16] Zhang Xiaoming, deputy director of the Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office of the State Council, pointed out that there were two coincidences in the figures at the press conference. He pointed out that Article 23 of the Basic Law has been waiting for 23 years, and now it is finally waiting for the promulgation and implementation of the National Security Law. It is both a historical accident and an inevitable development.

The four-point view is an important milestone in the cause of "one country, two systems". It is full of challenges and we have to constantly solve new problems. We have explained five times since the reunification and decided four times. However, this time the NPC’s decision is the most important measure taken by the Central Government to handle Hong Kong affairs. The law itself is the second law enacted by the Central Government for Hong Kong after the Basic Law. It reflects the general requirements for comprehensive preparation for the implementation of the "One Country, Two Systems" principle, and further legalizes the principle and bottom line of "One Country, Two Systems". The institutional barrier of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region to prevent and control national security has far-reaching effects on the stability of "one country, two systems."

Zhang Xiaoming continued that after the law was introduced today, some people may still have doubts. It is normal, but time and reality will prove everything. The "birthday gift" received 23 years after the return of Hong Kong will continue to show its precious value in the future. .

Shen Chunyao, director of the Legal Work Committee of the National People's Congress. (Profile picture)

[10:08] Shen Chunyao mentioned that it is necessary to advance from the national level to maintain the national security system. There are many ways to advance, including the National People's Congress making decisions, formulating, amending or interpreting laws, establishing national laws, and issuing instructions from the central government. Relevant departments, after careful consideration of the assessment, proceeded in a "decision to add legislation" approach.

Shen Chunyao pointed out that with the introduction of laws and regulations, everyone can see that the system of safeguarding national security is implemented with the promulgation of the laws. The important national security arrangements for the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region are fully displayed and presented through the decision of the National People's Congress. There are 6 chapters in the law, including general rules, institutions, criminal behaviors, etc. He pointed out that this law is a comprehensive law that is substantive, procedural and organized. He mentioned that the law shows several points: 1. The fundamental responsibility of the central government to safeguard national security and Hong Kong’s constitutional responsibility; 2. The important rule of law that national security needs to follow; 3. The guidelines for national security agencies; 4. Prevention and punishment of harm Guoan's crime.

[10:02] Shen Chunyao, director of the Legal Work Committee of the National People’s Congress, said that the National Security Law was passed by the National People’s Congress, which fully represents the will of the people and reflects the wishes and wishes of the people of the country, including Hong Kong people. The SAR Government has completed the gazette and announced the implementation at 11 o'clock last night (30th). The formulation of the National Security Law is an important measure, key steps and important legislative tasks to implement the spirit of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Party and the spirit of the Third Session of the 13th National People's Congress. The promulgation and implementation of Chinese laws will effectively maintain national security, effectively prevent, stop, and punish crimes related to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region that endanger national security, and plug the system loopholes in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region in maintaining national security.

Shen Chunyao pointed out that the implementation of this law is of great significance to improving the "one country, two systems" system, safeguarding national sovereignty and development interests, and ensuring Hong Kong's long-term stability and long-term prosperity and stability.

He mentioned that the decision of the Fourth Plenary Session in October last year clearly stated that upholding and perfecting the "one country, two systems" system, establishing and improving the enforcement mechanism of the special administrative region's legal system for safeguarding national security, strengthening law enforcement, and never tolerating any challenges "one country, two systems" "Bottom line behaviors; we will never tolerate any behavior that splits the country."

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Source: hk1

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