While France still mourns the teacher Samuel Paty, assassinated on Friday by an Islamist in Conflans-Sainte-Honorine (Yvelines), the investigation continues its course, with eleven people in custody.
More than 48 hours after the events,
takes a look at the questions which arise on the attack, but also on the capacity of the State to deliver the "
" to Islamist terrorism.
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: "Tears, tributes, and after?"
• How was Samuel Paty found and identified?
The “stalking” of the victim by Abdoulakh A., his murderer, still raises questions today.
We still do not know how the Chechen was made aware of the acts of Samuel Paty and the whole affair that began in the college of Bois-d'Aulne.
Information rebroadcast by Muslim religious leaders, or others?
The investigation is still trying to determine it.
But according to information from
, during his action, the Chechen assailant would have obtained in front of the school the information allowing him to identify Samuel Paty.
He would have approached schoolchildren in front of the college of Bois-d'Aulne, and would have given them money in order to find out who was the professor who showed the cartoons in class.
Several hundred euros were reportedly given to the students.
It is probably in this aspect of the case that a 15-year-old student was taken into custody on Sunday October 18.
• Did the academy and the rectorate take the file seriously enough?
The rumor had started to swell in the hours following the attack.
But Sunday, the Minister of National Education, Jean-Michel Blanquer, denied that the teacher of Yvelines was threatened with a sanction or remonstrance, for showing caricatures of Muhammad to his students, as well as suggested some contributors on social networks.
This information is false
", he hammered, questioned by France Inter, France 2 and
At no time was it said, or even implied, or thought that the institution was going to crack down
" against Samuel Paty, also declared the rectorate of Versailles in a statement Sunday.
The institution has always been in full support
,” he added.
But have the said institutions taken the problem head-on?
The principal of the establishment had contacted the “
Values of the Republic
” teams (the secularity referents of National Education) after the incident, so that the associated risks could be studied.
, an inspector had been sent to remind Samuel Paty "of
the rules of secularism and neutrality
Likewise, an “
” had taken place between the student's father and the academic inspectorate in order to “
explain the teacher's approach for the sake of appeasement
”, according to the rectorate.
The exact attitude of the establishment, the academy and the rectorate should be the subject of an internal investigation, Jean-Michel Blanquer intending to "
ask the general inspectorate to establish all of the chain of events
Read also: Samuel Paty, a man of passion and dialogue
• What are the risks of those who made Samuel Paty a target?
The father of a schoolgirl from Conflans-Sainte-Honorine and the radical Islamist activist Abdelhakim Sefrioui "
clearly launched a fatwa
" against Professor Samuel Paty for having shown caricatures of Muhammad in class, the Minister of the Interior said on Monday. , Gérald Darmanin.
Read also: How Abdelhakim Sefrioui, notorious radicalized, catalyses hatred with impunity on French soil
These two men, who are among the eleven people held in custody in the investigation, have been questioned since Saturday.
They had started a mobilization campaign to denounce the professor's initiative and called for his dismissal from college.
For Gérald Darmanin, “
the anti-terrorism prosecution will see if it qualifies them as an accomplice
The act is indisputable, the prosecutor works a lot with the police to confuse and convict them
", added the minister, while investigators are also seeking to determine possible links between these two men and the killer.
Read also: Thibault de Montbrial: "Those who called for mobilization against Samuel Paty have consciously designated a goal"
One of the charges could be “
direct provocation to terrorism
According to the administration, it is “
the direct incitement to commit materially determined terrorist acts, constituting a crime or an offense.
For example, targeting such and such a place or such a person by such means.
By the context, the will of their author and the terms chosen, the comments made aim to convince other people to commit such acts
As with the defense of terrorism, the penalty is 5 years in prison and a € 75,000 fine.
If the acts were committed via the internet, the penalty is 7 years in prison, and a 100,000 € fine.
To read also: Beheading of Samuel Paty: reports, threatening calls, complaints, videos… Eleven days of gear