Masks are indispensable in order to contain the number of infections in the second corona wave.
However, some rules must be followed so that they do not become an infectious problem themselves.
Everyday masks are an important tool in fighting pandemics.
In the best case, the piece of fabric protects against corona infection. *
There are a few basic principles that are needed to keep mouth and nose protection hygienic.
Munich - a little annoying, but extremely important: the
Consistent wearing of mouth and nose protection in public places, in the supermarket or in the bus and train helps
to prevent the spread of
and, in the best case, to avoid infection.
Most use their masks several times in a row.
, there are a few important rules to follow.
After all, protection should not become a germ trap.
1. Before and after wearing: it is essential to wash your hands
It is particularly important
the mask as sterile as possible.
When putting on and taking off, however, many germs can get from our hands to the mouth and nose protection.
The Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices (BfArM) therefore recommends
washing your hands thoroughly
: at least 20 to 30 seconds and with soap.
In itself, this is an important measure against the
2. Protection against corona with a mask: make sure that it is correctly positioned
It is not enough just
The piece of fabric must
completely cover the
mouth and nose
, because this is the only way it can reliably intercept the droplets that we release when we speak, breathe or cough.
In addition, the mask should also
lie close to the face
at the edges
In addition to the droplets, finer aerosols also get into the air.
These are better held off if too much air cannot enter and exit on the sides.
Medical masks not only protect others, but also the wearer himself to a certain extent.
A prerequisite for this is a
, otherwise too many germs can penetrate.
Wear a #MundNasenBedeckung - to curb the spread of the #Coronavirus!
It is important that the everyday mask completely covers your mouth and nose and fits tightly around the edges.
#BZgA info at: https://t.co/jMH1DdII4s pic.twitter.com/VymJ6jMvSq
- BZgA (@bzga_de) November 19, 2020
3. Hands off!
The corona mask should not be touched too often
Even with washed hands, we shouldn't touch the mask too often, especially not on the inside.
Once you have the protection on, it is important
to tug and push
BfArM recommends that you
only grasp the mouth and nose cover by the
to remove it.
4. Swap or wash masks often enough
If you wear a fabric mask, it must be
"Ideally, masks should be
, but at least at
, and then dried completely," writes the BfArM on its website.
Basically, you should never wear a mouth and nose cover for more than a few days at a time.
Federal Center for Health Education (BzGA) advises against
heating in the microwave
or in the oven.
According to experts,
medical masks of
any kind are not suitable for cleaning.
They should be
disposed of in the general waste
In any case, the mask must be exchanged immediately when it is saturated.
Your protection is then no longer granted.
More germs can accumulate.
5. Correct storage: This is the best way to store the mask
If a mask is used several times, it is important to
properly between uses
It's best to use a
instead of just putting it in the bag.
However, it should not be possible to seal it airtight, otherwise there is a
You can then hang them up to dry at home.
(mam) * Merkur.de is part of the Ippen-Digital network.
List of rubric lists: © Kira Hofmann / dpa-Zentralbild / dpa