The "phase 2" of the deconfinement started today, and the French hurried to taste a little of their newfound freedom, especially on the cafe terraces. In commerce , deconfinement, which began three weeks ago, has brought its share of good surprises. This does not prevent the government from counting on a plunge of 11% of GDP this year, unheard of in peacetime. Finally, while the assessment of the pandemic was a little closer this Tuesday to the 30,000 dead, Le Figaro draws up a first assessment of mortality .
Roland Gauron, journalist at Le Figaro
1. What happened today
Enjoy a coffee on the terrace: the French regained their freedom this Tuesday with the "phase 2" of deconfinement. Martin BUREAU / AFP
The French recover a little of their freedom. "The reopening of cafes, hotels and restaurants marks the return of happy days!" welcomed Emmanuel Macron. All over France, the French were able to revive their old habits and hurried to the terrace of cafes, bars and restaurants. Le Figaro went to meet restaurateurs, both happy to find their customers but also worried about a still uncertain future. "I hadn't even opened this morning that there were people waiting outside," explains Marie Povoa-Vogt, manager of the Café de la Paix in Reims. People have collapsed in the sun, some have already ordered champagne! ” This Tuesday also sounded the return of students from vocational high schools all over France. We went to the Albert-de-Munn high school in Paris, where around sixty students have returned, sporadically, since May 11 to follow “workshops” in economics, English or math.
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What mortality in France reveals. Health officials have recorded 107 additional deaths from coronavirus in the past 24 hours. The total death toll stands at 28,940 dead, including 18,590 in hospital and 10,350 in social and medico-social establishments, while the number of patients in intensive care continues to decrease. "These figures in fact hide a very large disparity, both in the distribution of cases on the territory and within the population" , nuances Cyrille Vanlerberghe. As the country approaches the 30,000 victims of Covid-19, our journalist takes stock of the mortality from the epidemic in France. The work of demographers to precisely calculate excess mortality has only just begun. In the absence of centralized data, they must rely on several sources. "A real gas factory" , deplores researcher Jean-Marie Robine. Among healthcare professionals, the inventory of caregivers who contracted the virus remains incomplete.
Deconfigured French people are not begged. (...) They spend part of the 55 billion euros saved during confinement. And this without any financial incentive.Ivan Letessier, editor-in-chief of the "Figaro" economy department.
Good surprises in trade. Despite a decline in traffic since May 11, some stores are posting increased sales. “If there are always fewer customers in the stores than last year, more of them are buying and spending more each time. The turnover is therefore much better than what the attendance data seems to indicate, ” detail Marie Bartnik and Olivia Détroyat from the Economi e service . Historical brands are the big winners in containment. Darty, Boulanger, Decathlon and Castorama have benefited from the growth of the online market. According to Fevad, which brings together e-commerce players, "they have benefited from the successful transfer of part of their store customers to the internet" . And the phenomenon would have far from having subsided with deconfinement.
Read also: Can a company impose on its employees a reduction in remuneration?
GDP could shrink by 11%. The government has lowered its growth forecast and anticipates an 11% contraction in GDP in 2020, unheard of in peacetime. “The French economy has passed its low point. The deconfinement generated a revival of activity and employment, analyzes Philippe Waechter, of Natixis Ostrum. However, the levels observed still show a contraction in activity and great caution on the part of households. ” And, according to the Minister of Labor, Muriel Pénicaud, the 10% unemployment mark will be exceeded this year. The Social Security deficit is widening further to more than 52 billion euros, announced the Minister of Action and Public Accounts, Gérald Darmanin. Growth, deficit, unemployment: the government, which had set itself ambitious objectives before the crisis, is obliged to review all its economic forecasts one by one.
2. Visiting, cooking, gardening ...
Today, the garden is perceived as a cocoon, a mode of expression that is part of the image that we give of ourselves, to others and to ourselves. François Bouchon / Le Figaro
Garden. After confinement, the garden became the fifth living room. Today more than ever, a few square meters of green space, to relax, receive, even work, are enough to improve our well-being. “ The happy owners of a garden clearly want to make it an annex to the house. An “outdoor living” - translate an outdoor living room - in the American style where the trend started a good ten years ago, ” notes our journalist Alyette Debray Mauduy. "Today, it is perceived as a cocoon, a mode of expression that is part of the image that we give of ourselves, to others and to ourselves," explains sociologist Gérard Mermet.
Read also: At the cinema on June 22: ask for the program!
Travel. The Voyage du Figaro service suggests 20 vitamin-rich ideas for spending your holidays in France this summer. Hang out at the water's edge in a villa, a guest house or a hotel, our most beautiful landscapes by car, vintage van, horse or bicycle; move in the great outdoors, work on your swing, hoist the sails, combine yoga and hiking… there is something for everyone. But, according to our colleague Jean-Marc De Jaeger, it is the motorhome that could be the unexpected star of this summer. According to him, car rental companies register twice as many bookings as last year, often from novices. For neophytes, it specifies some practical information to know before renting a vehicle.
Tomi Ungerer, author of bestsellers for young readers, willingly dipped his pen in acid. He paid particular attention to the Reaper.Éric Biétry-Rivière, journalist at the “Figaro” Culture department
To visit. With the reopening of the museums, Éric Biétry-Rivière offers three exhibitions to see at last. Our journalist invites us to push the door of the Besançon Time Museum, which explores Tomi Ungerer's very special relationship with time - and death. “The author of best-sellers for young readers (Les Trois Brigands, Jean de la Lune…) willingly dipped his pen in acid. He paid special attention to the Grim Reaper , ”he explains. “His drawings bear witness to this. The relationship with the passing of time accompanied by the reference to the passing away of the future is more than omnipresent for him: "I was born with death", he also liked to recall, alluding to his father, who died when he was born. 'was himself only 3 years old.'
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To cook. Our guest chef Didier Clément, from the Grand Hôtel du Lion d'Or in Romorantin, introduces us to Sologne caviar. “I learned of the existence of Sologne caviar by word of mouth: a client had alerted me to the fact that it was served at the Élysée, in Nicolas Sarkozy's time, I think- he ” , relates the interested party. “I like its very natural side with an interesting length in the mouth and a slightly oily finish but which remains elegant. It gives off a slightly nutty scent with subtle notes. It does not have this slightly earthy, muddy taste, which is sometimes found on certain caviar. It is self-sufficient. ” By the way, he tells us about his recipe for Sologne caviar and spider crab, fine jelly.
3. Photo of the day
Parks and gardens, as well as forests, are open all over France, as are the beaches (here, Place du Prado in Marseille). CLEMENT MAHOUDEAU / AFP
4. Deconfinement, "phase 2"
If many prohibitions have been lifted with the "phase 2" of deconfinement, the time has not yet returned to normal, especially in the orange zones - Île-de-France, Guyana and Mayotte. Here is what is allowed again:
- The limitation of 100 kilometers is removed. Air travel to overseas France and Corsica is reserved for compelling reasons.
- Schools continue to reopen gradually, with a limit of 15 students per class.
- Restaurants, bars and cafes reopen following certain rules. Only the terraces are concerned in the orange zone.
- Hotels can reopen all over the country, as can other tourist accommodation in the green zone.
- Parks and gardens, as well as forests, are accessible, as are beaches, lakes and nautical centers.
- The museums, monuments and zoological parks reopen their doors, with compulsory mask.
- Theaters, casinos and leisure parks are once again open to the public, but only in green areas.
- In the green zone, the gyms and swimming pools reopen. Stadiums and racetracks also, but without audiences.
And what is not yet:
- Gatherings of more than 10 people in public space are prohibited.
- The events of more than 5000 people will wait, at least until August 31.
- The cinemas will reopen on June 22. Discos and game rooms are still closed until further notice.
- Collective and contact sports are prohibited at least until phase 3.
Read also: Phase 2 of deconfinement: what is allowed or not from Tuesday
5. The reflexes to adopt
A few simple steps can limit the spread of the virus. Here they are :
- Wash your hands every hour.
- Cough or sneeze into the crease of his elbow.
- Use disposable tissues.
- Avoid kissing or shaking hands.
- Wear a mask in public spaces.
- Limit your movements as much as possible.
Covid-19 is spread by saliva through close contact with an infected person, especially when the person coughs or sneezes. The virus also remains viable for a few hours on different surfaces.
Read also: Coronavirus: highly contagious patients in the first days of infection
The disease manifests with several symptoms. In 9 out of 10 cases, this results in a fever below 39 ° C. According to the World Health Organization, this fever is most often accompanied by a state of fatigue , signs of shortness of breath and a dry cough .
6. What to do in case of symptoms?
The most important thing now is to get tested. According to the recommendations of the Ministry of Health, you should, if you have symptoms, stay at home and contact your doctor who will order a test. While waiting for the result, you must isolate yourself, wear a mask and list the people you may have contaminated.
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If the test is positive, the Primary Health Insurance Fund will contact those likely to be infected. You must then remain isolated for at least 8 days, taking care not to contaminate your loved ones. Watch your health. If you have a fever, take paracetamol. Possibly plan a follow-up teleconsultation with your doctor.
If you feel difficulty breathing , call 15.
If the test is negative, contact your doctor and follow their instructions.
See you tomorrow.