Wheat field in Germany: In Europe too, temperatures reached record levels in September
Photo: Martin Wagner / imago images
According to EU research data, last month was the warmest September worldwide since 1979. Three months of this year - January, May and September - set global heat records, as the European Earth observation program Copernicus announced on Wednesday.
This means that 2020 is well on the way to catching up with the previous heat record year of 2016.
The researchers used satellite data dating back to 1979 for the analysis.
It is conceivable whether September set a new temperature record beyond this period, but the data do not reveal anything.
In the video: What extreme weather conditions have to do with climate change
According to the measurements
, global temperatures in September were 0.63 degrees above the average for
the past three decades.
The temperatures were on average 0.05 degrees higher than in September 2019, which was previously considered the warmest.
It was noticeably warm in the Arctic, parts of South America and Australia.
In Siberia peak temperatures of 38 degrees were measured.
The extent of sea ice in the Arctic reached its second lowest level in September.
Only in September 2012 the ice surface had shrunk even more.
"The combination of record temperatures and low Arctic sea ice in 2020 underscores the importance of monitoring this region even better and more comprehensively, especially since the Arctic is warming faster than any other region in the world," said Carlo Buontempo, Director of European Copernicus Climate Change Service.
In Europe, temperatures also hit new records in September.
There they were on average 0.2 degrees Celsius higher than in the previous record September 2018. Southeast Europe was particularly affected.
Compared to the pre-industrial age, the temperatures in the twelve months to September were almost 1.3 degrees higher.
This is just below the 1.5 degree threshold set in the Paris Agreement on Climate Change.
Experts doubt whether this goal can still be met.
According to the World Weather Organization (WMO), the global average temperature could rise to 1.5 degrees above the pre-industrial level in one of the coming years.
On Wednesday, the EU Parliament spoke out in favor of stricter climate protection targets.
According to this, 60 percent of emissions in the EU should be saved by 2030 compared to 1990.
The EU Commission had previously spoken out in favor of a reduction of at least 55 percent.
After the final vote, the parliament and the EU states still have to find a common line.
Icon: The mirror
koe / dpa / AFP