The first automatic metro was born in France.
Developed by Matra and baptized VAL, for Light automatic vehicle, it was inaugurated in Lille in 1983. Since then, other cities, such as Toulouse or Rennes, have been equipped, as have airports around the world to transport passengers of 'one terminal to another.
In Paris, as in other cities, automatic subways have been put into circulation, for example on lines 1 and 14. The platforms have been made secure with the installation of automated landing doors, which keep pace with the descent and ascent times. in the subway trains and prevent passengers from falling on the track.
The autonomous train soon on the rails
These driverless trains are equipped with automatic systems linked to control centers.
They usually circulate in a closed or underground environment, and always carry out the same mission for which they are programmed, with the departure time, the travel time between two stations and the opening and closing times of the doors.
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