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Almost half of the country is submerged in poverty, which jumped to 44.1% and hits 20 million people

2020-12-04T20:06:27.571Z

The figure would have reached 53.1% of the population if emergency plans such as the IFE or the food card had not been implemented. 65% of those under 17 years of age live in poor households. They are data from the Social Debt Observatory.



12/03/2020 4:56 PM

  • Clarín.com

  • Economy

Updated 12/03/2020 4:56 PM

Due to the recession and the crisis, exacerbated by the pandemic and quarantine,

poverty escalated again

.

In one year, it

increased from 40.8% to 44.2%

of the urban population: there are 18 million poor people.

If the rural population is included,

there are 20 million poor people.

Of these totals,

indigence rose from 8.9% to 10.1%:

4.1 million urban indigents or more than

4.5 million if the rural sector is included.

Without the bonds, IFE and other social programs,

poverty would have been 53.1%

of the urban population.

And by age groups, poverty among those

under 17 years of age stands out, rising from 59.5% to 64.1%,

reflecting "a persistent

infantilization of poverty

in urban Argentina."

There are more than

7.5 million children and adolescents

living in homes with basic needs.

For its part, homelessness rose from 14.8 to 16%.

v 1.5

The socio-economic situation

Results of the report prepared by the UCA.

Tap to explore the data

Source:

UCA

Infographic:

Clarín

The data are from the

Observatory of Social Debt

, of the UCA (Argentine Catholic University) surveyed between July and October of this year and

are the highest in the entire series that starts in 2010

.

It corresponds to

"income poverty"

that arises from comparing household income with the values ​​of the indigence and poverty basket.

In relation to the INDEC measurements after 2016, the UCA figures are very similar.

It is estimated that in this fourth quarter, poverty would have continued to increase.

When presenting these data,

Agustin Salvia

, director of the Observatory, said that

the pandemic aggravated a social and labor situation

that became more acute throughout the decade.

“The evidence presented in this report confirms that under the COVID-19 crisis scenario, the monetary capacities of households experienced an

abrupt and pronounced deterioration,

with regressive effects on poverty and indigence.

The new scenario further paralyzed investment, consumption and the demand for employment in the formal economy, while at the same time halting any expectation of reactivation, especially affecting small and medium-sized enterprises,

deepening the relationship between economic informality, poverty and exclusion. social

”.

Salvia explained that among those who are unemployed or underemployed, poverty rises sharply in the segments of marginalized and integrated workers and in the Greater Buenos Aires.

“Among these groups,

poverty has grown almost uninterruptedly since 2013-2014

and shows a new leap in the context of the pandemic.

Indigence also increases, affecting more the marginal and integrated segments of workers and is

transversal to all urban regions

, although with greater force in the Buenos Aires suburbs ”.

The director of the Observatory pointed out "that

the COVID effect was not" democratic ", it

did not affect everyone equally: among the sectors below the social deterioration was accentuated, while the dome of the pyramid is now more concentrated and protected".

The Report indicates that without the different social programs (IFE, AUH, food card, non-contributory pensions and others), poverty would have jumped from 44.2% to 53.1% of the urban population.

The effect of the IFE is the most substantive:

8.3 points had an impact on reducing indigence and 6.4 points on poverty

.

"The IFE would have been the policy with the greatest absolute impact on poverty and indigence rates, compared to the other transfer policies implemented," says the Report.

One of Salvia's conclusions is that “during the last years of the decade, including the COVID-19 scenario, social indicators show an increase in poverty and in

structural inequalities.

Productive, social and job quality gaps have not diminished but even seem to be getting worse.

The situation has further impoverished an increasingly widespread

micro-informal subsistence sector

(social economy) with very low productivity, precariousness and urban concentration.

And while there were improvements during the decade, structural inequality has increased, expressed in greater deficits and gaps in terms of food insecurity, poor habitat quality, and deficits in access to water, energy, sanitation services, and decent housing.

Social segmentation also operates on universal public services: education, health, social protection and citizen security ”.

Look also

According to the UN, almost 48 million people go hungry in Latin America

Cristina, Macri and Fernández: three presidents with the same problem

Source: clarin

All business articles on 2020-12-04

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