Climatic and environmental conditions, lack of production requirements and high prices are challenges facing local agricultural production, both plant and animal, which require, as experts and experts see, alternative solutions and innovative ideas to improve production that ensure food security and self-sufficiency and improve the reality of farmers.
Director of Plant Production at the Ministry of Agriculture and Agrarian Reform, Ahmed Haider told the delegate of SANA that communication is ongoing with experts to determine the causes of the problems of the agricultural sector and find practical solutions to them, indicating that the current focus is on the wheat crop, the cultivation of larger areas and the receipt of the largest possible quantity of the crop, referring to the cultivation of one million and four hundred And seventy-four thousand hectares, about one hundred twenty thousand hectares more than last season.
During specialized workshops held at the Sham Hotel as a continuation of the Agricultural Sector Development Forum, the Director of Plant Production at the Arab Center for Studies of Arid Zones and Arid Lands (Exad), Dr. Walid Al-Tawil, mentioned that the most prominent problems that strategic crops suffer from are the climatic and environmental conditions and the lack of production requirements and agricultural machinery. Sufficient and high prices.
For her part, Eng. Lama Al Hallaq, Head of the Bee and Silk Department at the Ministry of Agriculture, pointed out that the problems of the beekeeper are represented in deportation, securing sugar and the cost of production requirements.
In order to find solutions to these problems, Deputy Director of the General Authority for Scientific Agricultural Research, Dr. Mowaffaq Jabbour, called for concerted efforts between government agencies, federations and trade unions concerned with agricultural affairs and international organizations to advance the agricultural sector, which has suffered greatly from the repercussions of the terrorist war.
The head of the Arab Beekeepers Union, Syria Branch, Iyad Daaboul, suggested viable solutions to the problems of the bee sector, including the use of modern technologies in production, licensing of safe medicines, compensation for the loss of forests with nectarine trees that benefit the beekeeper, and the numbering of cells to reduce theft operations, reduce production costs and taxes on importing production requirements.
Director of Storage and Marketing at the Feed Foundation Yusra February, in turn, proposed the idea of switching to fodder crops in a manner that suits and benefits the soil and the economic reality in general, thus providing fodder material in local markets and dispensing with import, calling for the rehabilitation of feed dryers that have been damaged by terrorism.
Determining the priorities of the support and the real beneficiaries in all the joints of the agricultural sector to overcome the gap between the beneficiaries and the current support system is a necessity, according to the director of the Agricultural Production Support Fund, Eng. Lama Al-Junaidi, to reach sustainable food security and a good income level for farmers to ensure their stability in the agricultural process.
In turn, the expert, Dr. Hassanein Al-Shalji, focused on the necessity of spreading awareness of the dangers of misuse of pesticides among farmers and activating training courses that define agricultural diseases and pests and their effective solutions.
Dr. Faisal Hamed, a professor at the Faculty of Agriculture at the University of Damascus, called for providing farmers with grains with technical specifications resistant to disease and drought, supporting the farmer through easy loans, providing production requirements, exempting him from fees, reducing the prices of pesticides and fertilizers, securing machinery at reasonable prices for him, and encouraging the formation of agricultural cooperatives.