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Maritime transport: IMO examines new environmental rules


The International Maritime Organization is discussing until June 17 ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from this highly polluting industry.

The International Maritime Organization (IMO) will meet from Thursday, June 10 with the objective of adopting measures aimed at drastically reducing greenhouse gas emissions from the highly polluting maritime transport industry. On the agenda of these discussions which will last until June 17, rapid actions

"aimed at reducing the carbon intensity of ships"

, explains the IMO in a press release,

"as well as the



to achieve this. .

"The stakes are high,"

Damien Chevallier, French deputy permanent representative to the IMO, told AFP.

"Everything looks good on 99% of the text but a few figures in a table crystallize all the attentions and still block"

a possible deal, he continues.

To read also: Gérard Larcher: "The climate and the environment are subjects too serious to be the object of maneuvers"

The specialized agency of the United Nations is committed to guaranteeing a 40% reduction in the carbon intensity of the industry it oversees by 2030 compared to 2008. It is up to it to approve concrete measures to achieve this.

The first measure concerns the establishment of specific energy efficiency criteria based on the type and size of existing vessels, comparable to that already in force for new vessels.

The second fixes the progress, in percentages, linearly or in stages, of the reduction in the carbon intensity of ships by December 31, 2030. It is this which is at the center of the debates.

The 76th session of the Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC), which is being held by videoconference from June 10 to 17, is the last chance to hope for a promulgation of these measures on January 1, 2023. If they were adopted, they would amend the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL).

Several environmental associations, including Seas at Risk, are already worried about low-cost compromises.

The current state of discussions

"shows that the IMO risks not aligning the maritime transport sector with the Paris Climate Agreement"

signed in 2015 and which requires carbon neutrality by 2050, they said. written in a column at the end of May.

The idea of ​​a fuel tax

Maritime transport currently represents 2% to 3% of global greenhouse gas emissions, according to the Higher Institute of Maritime Economy (Isemar), or more than air transport.

Measures to control the carbon intensity of ships are likely to occupy most of the debates and postpone

"other equally important subjects"

, notes Damien Chevallier.

In particular the adoption of a work schedule for so-called medium and long-term measures (after 2030), new rules for ballast water (tanks used for navigation), reduction of plastics or even noise under -marine, denounced by animal rights activists.

Read also: Climate: "We must do more" for future generations, says Merkel

The creation of a fund dedicated to research and development (R&D), supported by industrialists, is also on the agenda but with more chances of being discussed. The main global association of maritime carriers, Bimco, interviewed by AFP,

"looks forward to further deliberations on the R&D fund proposed by the industry"


"The lack of clarity, due in part to the increasing levels of political risk and the resulting investment risk, leads to limiting investments in R&D for



intended for ships.

“, Alarmed for its part the International Chamber of Maritime Transport (ICS), which boasts of representing 80% of the world merchant fleet, in a statement released Wednesday. Several international maritime transport organizations had put forward the idea at the end of 2019 to create an innovation fund that would be financed by a fuel tax in order to carry out projects to reduce the sector's carbon footprint.

Source: lefigaro

All business articles on 2021-06-10

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