The cultivation of the Damascene rose is witnessing an increasing expansion with the encouragement of the Ministry of Agriculture and Agrarian Reform and the support of the Syrian Trust for Development, through the reclamation of new areas for cultivation in most governorates due to its remunerative economic return.
Director of Plant Production at the Ministry of Agriculture and Agrarian Reform, Engineer Ahmed Haider Bin, told SANA reporter that the area planted with the Damascene rose in Syria amounted to about 350 hectares, distributed over 265 hectares in the Damascus Countryside Governorate. About 70 percent of the cultivated area.
In Aleppo, the cultivated areas are 65 hectares and spread in Neirab, Aran, Baraa and Deir Hafer, and they constitute 19 percent of the cultivated area at the level of Syria, while they reach 20 hectares in the governorates of Hama, Homs, Sweida and Lattakia and constitute 5 percent of the cultivated areas, which are constantly expanding.
Regarding the areas planned to be planted in the Damascene Rose, Haidar indicated that the ministry, in coordination with the Syrian Trust for Development, is working to reclaim lands that can be expanded, explaining that these areas amount to 4110 hectares in the Damascus countryside, of which about 500 hectares have been reclaimed, pointing out that there is a future reclamation plan that includes 10,000 hectares. dunams within five years, starting from the beginning of 2023, while expanding projects and encouraging their cultivation in other governorates.
Regarding the difficulties facing the cultivation of this rose, represented by the lack of irrigation water in drought years to maintain its economic productivity, Haidar said that the ministry is digging wells to secure irrigation water. Damascus.
He added that the ministry has included financing the cultivation and service of the rose as an economic crop in the Agricultural Cooperative Bank’s need schedule, providing loans to encourage the cultivation of this rose and post-harvest transactions such as harvesting, distilling and extracting essential oil, in addition to providing extension services by issuing a leaflet that includes how to cultivate it and its importance and the production of an indicative film He is concerned with this rose, holding seminars around it, and encouraging organic farming for it.
Haidar pointed out that research studies are being conducted on the strains spread in Syria, and the diseases and pests that affect this rose are identified, and their technical requirements for agricultural and other operations, explaining that nurseries have been established to produce seedlings in Damascus, Aleppo, Homs, Hama, Tartous, Lattakia and Sweida.
Haidar indicated that the seedlings produced in the nurseries are distributed at subsidized prices, as 10,666 fruitful plants were distributed to farmers at nominal prices and free of charge for the season 2021-2022.
Haidar announced that in coordination with the Syrian Trust for Development, 9000 Shami rose plants were distributed free of charge to farmers in Lattakia Governorate to encourage them to plant them, explaining that the plan for the 2022-2023 season amounts to 76,000 plants, while the proposed plan for the 2023-2024 season is about 77,000.
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