Born in 1974 in Bordeaux, Claire Nouvian grew up in Algeria, France, then Hong Kong, raised by her mother and grandparents after her father turned his back on them. As an adult, she lived in Germany, Thailand and Argentina, became a journalist and then a documentary filmmaker. "As I filmed the destruction of forests, anger and sadness rose in me," she recalls. It was necessary to keep silent about the massacre of biodiversity, of species: television channels do not like bad news." Scientific rigor pegged to the body, the intransigent slams the door and makes her own documentaries on the mysteries of the seabed. In 2005, she created Bloom, first an awareness platform, then a combat platform. In the line of fire: bottom trawling.
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"This industrial fishing technique consists of dragging gigantic weighted nets to scrape the bottom, where the largest and noblest fish, such as cod or halibut, live. In passing, we tear everything up and ravage an immensely diverse, rich and complex fauna. In deep waters, the nets are so large that they could hold several planes! It is the obscene deployment of the greatest technological efficiency, against the greatest biological vulnerability on the planet." All this while the oceans, by their ability to sequester carbon for millions of years, constitute the real lungs of the planet. To ravage them is to release real climate bombs into the atmosphere. In 2016, Bloom finally obtained a ban on bottom trawling beyond 800 meters depth. This is still too much, for its founder, but already a serious setback for an industry practiced by 285 ships in the world. "I discovered the brutality of their lobbies, their lies, their cowboy methods." Very early on, Claire Nouvian received death threats by text message. "These people were ready for this to defend these few war machines? They're crazy! It boosted me. It's unpleasant, of course, but I was ready to die." It won another victory in 2019 with the ban in Europe of electric fishing, applied two years later.
This diversity tells the story of life on our planet. As such, she deserves to be left in peace.
About twenty people – the Bloom team – and a network of 8000,70 regular donors who provide <>% of the NGO's income. Enough to work on long-term technical files, often in partnership with many other environmental protection or anti-corruption structures. "It's much more widespread than you think, especially in the fishing industry, it's a real mafia."
His fascination with the seabed, home to century-old sharks, 4,000-year-old corals and still unknown species. "This diversity tells the story of life on our planet. For that reason alone, she deserves to be left in peace."