While digging in your garden, you came across a treasure. What a godsend! But can you keep it? The rule is that the discoverer (also called the inventor) who finds a treasure in his home becomes the owner of it. And if he finds it elsewhere, let him do half and half with the owner of the place. But to qualify as a treasure, your find must meet three imperatives: it must be hidden, it must have no owner and it must have been found by chance (art. 716 of the Civil Code). Things get more complicated when your treasure is of scientific interest.
1 - Who owns the ingots discovered by a mason in my cellar?
The loot discovered during work should in principle be divided in two between you, the owner of the premises, and the mason (the discoverer). Unless someone can prove that they own it. In this case, the qualification of "treasure" falls and the ingots, considered as lost objects, will have to be returned to him. It's...
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