With this measure, he hopes to boost the employment of seniors. Labour Minister Olivier Dussopt said on Sunday that he wanted to raise the age of access to longer benefits for older unemployed people by two years.
The maximum duration of unemployment insurance benefits for the unemployed is currently 18 months up to age 52, 22.5 months for those aged 53-54 and 27 months for those aged 55 and over.
Read alsoEmployment of seniors: ready for a new professional life after 50?
"We want this increase in the duration of employment of senior jobseekers to be shifted by two years, from 55 to 57 years, to be consistent with what we have done on the retirement age and because we know that one of the challenges for full employment in France is the employment of seniors," said Olivier Dussopt during the program "Questions politiques" (France Inter, France Télévisions and Le Monde).
The main measure of the pension reform, implemented in 2023, is the postponement of the legal retirement age by two years, to 64 years.
Against the reduction of the duration of compensation
At the end of November, Economy Minister Bruno Le Maire considered that a longer compensation for the over-55s was a way of "putting the over-55s into early retirement". He had said he wanted to reduce the duration of their benefits compared to that of the other unemployed, from 27 to 18 months.
Read also"It's surreal!": union outcry after Bruno Le Maire's remarks on unemployment among seniors
For Olivier Dussopt, "the question is not so much the duration (of compensation) as to ensure that we do not have systems" that encourage "seniors to get out of the job market". He recalled that the employment rate of seniors was much lower in France than the European average.
A two-year increase in the age limits will have to "be accompanied by a training effort", the Minister of Labour said.
Defense of Contractual Termination
He also defended the contractual termination, a mechanism that should not be used to "get older people out of the labour market earlier".
"Contractual termination is a tool for fluidity, there are 500,000 of them per year," he said. "Year after year, the share of contractual terminations in the reasons for the end of a permanent contract remains stable, at 11% to 12%," he argued.
Read alsoEmployment of seniors: they tested a "rebound" path to relaunch their careers
"We want to find the means" so that "the contractual termination is not used as a tool for seniors to exit the labour market, but that it remains a tool of fluidity, freedom" and reciprocal agreement between the employee and his employer, the minister detailed.