Am i infected too? Many are wondering these days: Have I caught the corona virus? Here you will find the symptoms of the lung disease.
- A new form of lung disease worries people around the world.
- A total of over 4,900,000 Covid-19 cases have been reported worldwide. The virus spreads worldwide, which is why the World Health Organization has declared Covid-19 a pandemic.
- Coronavirus * is responsible for the outbreak and, according to researchers, can spread extremely quickly.
Update from May 18th: Bowel damage and biliary sludge due to infection with corona viruses
New consequences and symptoms of a Covid-19 infection are becoming known. In mid-May, for example, US researchers published a study that examined the effects of the viral disease on the gastrointestinal tract. The fact that Covid-19 affects digestion is not new: many patients complain about digestive problems *, including diarrhea. It is not uncommon in the laboratory to find evidence of liver damage caused by Covid-19, as the Ärzteblatt reported. One of the striking study results of the medical team led by study leader Rajesh Bhayana from the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston: A serious infection with SARS-CoV-2 can lead to bowel damage or even necrosis of the intestinal loops - that is, tissue death .
In 13 of 412 patients with Covid-19 (3.2 percent), the doctors demonstrated thickening of the intestinal walls in their study, gas formation was also detected in the intestinal wall in four patients, and surgeons removed necrotic intestinal loops in two patients. The doctors also diagnosed an enlarged gallbladder with so-called biliary mud in 20 patients . A coronavirus-infected intestinal mucosa or a virus-related thrombosis of the small blood vessels are discussed as the cause, as the Ärzteblatt reported.
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Update from May 13th: swelling, blisters and itchy wheals on the upper body
In a study, Spanish researchers came to the conclusion that a coronavirus infection can result in various skin changes. The study published by the Hospital Universitario de Móstoles in Madrid and the Hospital Plató in Barcelona in the British Journal of Dermatology includes the data from 375 Spanish Covid-19 patients. Frostbite-like skin changes on the hands and feet were seen in 19 percent of the patients . These were accompanied by swelling and blistering, as the researchers reported. A third of those affected in the Spanish study found the skin changes to be painful or itchy, as the Focus reported.
But not only the feet and hands, other areas of the body can be affected by skin changes with Covid-19. Spanish physicians observed hives * - so-called urticarial lesions - in 19 percent of the patients. Above all, the trunk, i.e. the back and stomach, were often affected. Itchy wheals and reddened skin on the affected areas characterize the pathological skin change.
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Read also : Coronavirus infection more dangerous for men: Doctors observe increased levels of this enzyme .
Update from April 24th: rash and dark spots on the feet - new coronavirus symptom detected
Medical professionals around the world discovered a new mysterious symptom of coronavirus infection: some patients developed bruises and itchy rashes on the toes - and sometimes on the fingers . These signs would have particularly occurred in children and adolescents in the early phase of the disease *, as the picture reported.
The International Association of Pediatricians published on its website the case report of a 13-year-old boy from Italy who contracted Covid-19. The dark skin changes on the toes initially puzzled the doctors. However, a connection to coronavirus infection was quickly established, also because other scientists published similar observations. Scientists also reported a comparable case from Thailand in the dermatologist journal JAAD. An Italian study cited by the picture even comes to the conclusion that around one in five Covid-19 patients treated in hospital shows skin changes on the toes . The skin lesions would be similar to those that also feature chickenpox or measles. A comparison with frostbite is also mentioned. The dark spots can be accompanied by an itchy rash and in some cases become crusty. So far, doctors have not been able to conclusively determine why the skin changes occur.
The corona virus is also said to trigger pulmonary embolism * in many patients, as the Swiss doctor Nils Kucher warns .
Update from April 20th: Researchers from Wuhan prove damage to the nervous system of Covid 19 patients
The coronavirus not only affects the lungs, bronchial tubes and other organs in the respiratory tract, but also affects the nervous system: This is the result of Chinese researchers. Ling Mao, a neurologist from Huazhong University of Science and Technology's Tongji Medical College, and his team examined 214 coronavirus patients to see if the viral infection affected the nervous system. In fact, the doctors observed neurological complaints that increased with the severity of the coronavirus infection .
36 patients experienced dizziness, 28 infected people suffered from headaches, twelve people noticed taste disorders and eleven patients could no longer smell as well as before with Covid-19 . Six Covid-19 patients (2.8 percent) had a stroke *. The loss of sense of smell and taste that many patients reported prior to the study already suggested that physicians suspect that the brain is involved in a coronavirus infection. But there are still few research results in this area: "So far, there have been very few examinations of the brain of corona patients. We are still in the dark." quotes Focus Infectiologist Bernd Salzberger from Regensburg University Hospital.
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Update from April 10th, 2020: Corona viruses are active in the air for up to three hours
A new study published in The New England Journal of Medicine concludes that coronaviruses can already be transmitted to others through the air we breathe. US scientists came to the conclusion that coronaviruses are not only transmitted by large droplets, such as those caused by coughing and sneezing: they also get into the air through the fine mist that everyone exhales when they exhale. There, they can be infectious for up to three days , according to the US researchers.
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You might also be interested in : Coronavirus infection on a bike? This is how big the danger really is - experts demand more distance .
Update from March 31, 2020: New coronavirus symptom discovered
According to the British portal Mirror, doctors in New York have now discovered another symptom in a coronavirus patient. Sufferers usually feel dull, suffer from cough and fever, some have body aches, diarrhea, runny nose, or headache. Doctors now observed signs of a heart attack * in the patient in a hospital in the New York City borough of Brooklyn .
The patient suffered cardiac arrhythmias , and the doctors also found a high proportion of the protein troponin in his blood - two characteristic signs of a heart attack. However, tests showed that the man did not have a heart attack, but was instead infected with the coronavirus. The patient recovered after twelve days in hospital. Dr. told the New York Times John Rumsefeld, Chief Science and Quality Officer at the American College of Cardiology: "We thought about the lungs (...). Then we suddenly heard about possible direct effects on the heart."
The case occurred shortly after a study by researchers at the University of Texas Health Science Center in Houston. The study showed that the coronavirus can cause heart damage even in patients without underlying heart disease. Dr. Mohammad Madjid, who led the study, said: "It is likely that the heart muscle may be affected by coronavirus even without previous heart disease . Overall, cardiac muscle injury can occur in any patient with or without heart disease, but the risk is higher for those who already have heart disease. "
Read also : Do you have high blood pressure? You should definitely follow this advice.
Update from 28.03.2020: permanent damage after coronavirus infection
According to virologist Christian Drosten, there are now indications that patients suffering from Covid 19 disease can suffer permanent damage *. Many patients, and especially those with more severe courses, were still weakened more than a month after hospital discharge, according to Drosten in the NDR podcast. "And the lung function does not seem to be good either, after having survived a severe infection."
Covid-19: Up to three days before the first symptoms, there is already a risk of infection by coronaviruses
Update of March 27, 2020: A study by scientists led by Gabriel Leung from the WHO Center for the Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases indicates that humans could be contagious for two to three days before the first symptoms appear . The researchers presented their results on the preprint server "MedRxiv", an online archive for previously unpublished medical research contributions.
After examining 94 Covid-19 patients and 77 transmission cases of the Sars-CoV-2 pathogen, the researchers came to the conclusion that 44 percent of the transmissions could take place before the first symptoms of the disease. The scientists found the highest viral load in throat swabs at the time the symptoms started. Therefore, the authors are of the opinion that the risk of infection is highest on the day when the first symptoms appear, or even two to three days before .
The incubation period , ie the time between infection and outbreak of the disease, is, according to the RKI on average five to six days . However, the range is one to 14 days. In addition, a study with nine people found that reproductive viruses are present in the throat up to four days after the onset of symptoms - in the sputum even up to the eighth day after.
Overall, around 80 percent of the illnesses would be "mild to moderate" , 14 percent severe and six percent critical.
More on the topic : Coronavirus: smokers special risk group - regardless of age, at high risk.
Update from March 19, 2020: Virologist discovers new signs of infection
In an interview with the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, Hendrik Streeck, a specialist in virology and infection epidemiology, described new symptoms that he had observed in Covid 19 patients: " Almost all infected people we interviewed, and this applies to a good two thirds, described one Loss of smell and taste over several days goes so far that a mother could not smell the full diaper of her child ". Streeck is director of the Institute for Virology and HIV Research at the Medical Faculty of the University of Bonn. He had interviewed more than 100 people infected with Sars-CoV-2 in the hospital about their symptoms. The loss of sense of smell and taste would be more likely to occur in the later stage of a coronavirus infection, says Streeck.
Article from January 20th, 2020: The following symptoms speak for Covid-19
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the novel lung disease is called Covid-19 . The pathogen, a special corona virus, was given its own name: Sars-CoV-2. The consequences of an infection can be drastic: There have already been 318,596 deaths worldwide. According to the Coronavirus Resource Center at Johns Hopkins University, 176,551 people in Germany have contracted the coronavirus *. 8,041 deaths are currently reported nationwide. 155,041 people are considered healthy again. (As of May 19, 2020)
Coronavirus: an overview of the symptoms
The virus spreads not only in China, but also in other countries such as Thailand, the USA or South Korea, and the number of patients * is also increasing in Germany *. It is reasonable to assume that a large number of those infected have contracted the virus at an animal market in Wuhan. However, some infected had not visited the market, which is why Imperial College London warned not to consider the virus non-communicable - which should prove to be a correct assessment.
Coronavirus news ticker: number of infected people is increasing drastically - EU agency with bleak forecast
It has now been proven that the virus can be transmitted from person to person. The World Health Organization (WHO) therefore advises avoiding contact with sick people and visiting risk areas. These include Italy, Iran, the Spanish city of Madrid, the state of Tyrol in Austria, the US states of California as well as New York and the province of Hubei in China - and also Germany. The WHO has declared the coronavirus epidemic an international emergency and has classified the new disease as a pandemic since March 11, 2020 - a disease that affects entire countries.
The following symptoms can indicate an infection with coronaviruses:
- Dry cough and sputum (expectoration)
- Breathing problems such as shortness of breath
- Chewing and TMJ pain
- a headache
- Sore throat
- Nausea / vomiting
- stuffy nose
In severe cases, infection with Sars-CoV-2 can lead to pneumonia .
Cough is also a major symptom of coronavirus infection.
© picture alliance / dpa
According to the World Health Organization, fever and dry cough are the most common symptoms of Sars-CoV-2 infection. Fatigue and coughing up phlegm follow shortness of breath, headache and sore throat:
Read also: Dr. Sabine Kurz, doctor at a group practice in Aying near Munich, is infected with the corona virus *. The practice was closed. An interview with the infected.
Symptoms: Strong similarity between Corona and Sars viruses
According to the editorial network in Germany, virus researcher Christian Drosten found a close connection between the currently spreading corona virus and Sars , the severe acute respiratory syndrome. The infectious disease manifests itself in the form of atypical pneumonia, which can be fatal.
Like the Sars virus, the coronavirus is transmitted by droplet infection *, which is why coughing and sneezing patients pose a high risk of infection. According to the Robert Koch Institute, the incubation period (time between infection and onset of the disease) should be up to 14 days.
You might also be interested in this: Due to the corona virus, Munich Airport has now taken drastic measures and canceled thousands of flights. Some countries are particularly affected.
Insidious Coronavirus Infection Without Remedies - How To Protect Yourself
Since the new type of virus has not yet been fully researched, there is still no uniform treatment recommendation. Due to the similarity to the Sars virus, however, it is reasonable to assume that, as with Sars, coronavirus infection * can only alleviate the side effects. Medications that render the virus harmless do not (yet) exist, and there is also no vaccination * . However, Thai doctors have had great success in symptomatic treatment *.
The prevention is extremely important to avoid contagion. Doctors recommend:
- Avoid gathering people and, in the current situation, generally avoid contact with people.
- Above all, avoid contact with sick people.
- Wash your hands frequently *.
- Sick people should wear a face mask *.
Sources : www.tagesschau.de ; www.swr3.de ; www.rnd.de; www.bundesgesundheitsministerium.de; www.lungenaerzte-im-netz.de; www.rki.de; www.experience.arcgis.com; www.rki.de/Steckbrief; https://coronavirus.jhu.edu/map.html; www.faz.de
More on the subject : How Munich Airport is preparing. Also because of the many unknown variables, a number of conspiracy theories about the corona virus are spreading primarily on the Internet. You can find an overview here. Good news from Australia: Researchers have achieved a "major breakthrough". In the USA, researchers have now developed a mobile test device that can be docked on smartphones and can diagnose infectious diseases. BMW informed its employees in Munich on Monday (March 2) about a first confirmed coronavirus case. Those affected feel overloaded and poorly looked after. Nobody really feels responsible * and you are only referred from hotline to hotline.
Read also: The corona virus has also reached the Upper Bavarian district of Freising. There are now over 50 infected people. All information here in the Coronavirus ticker.
The coronavirus is also spreading in Lower Saxony *: events are being canceled and the state is working to set up regional test centers.
These viruses and bacteria make us sick
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* Merkur.de and hna.de belong to the Germany-wide Ippen digital editorial network
List of rubric lists: © picture alliance / dpa / Patrick Pleul