The data are alarming and confirm what began to be seen immediately at the beginning of the pandemic a year ago. But what reveals the survey "The economic condition of women in the era of Covid-19" carried out by Ipsos for WeWorld, an Italian organization that has been defending the rights of women and children in 27 countries of the world including Italy for 50 years, is really catastrophic. Women, regardless of age and geographical area, are
in fact the main economic and social victims of the pandemic
: 1 in 2 has seen their economic situation worsen in the last 12 months.
In particular, unemployed mothers are worse off
. Furthermore, the data on the regression of the economic condition exceeds 60% if we consider the age group 25-34 years (6 out of 10 women). It is a real
as female poverty is also defined abroad.
The data shed light on an alarming situation to say the least: those who lost their jobs, had to give up employment and economic independence, in fact, were mainly women. And if with children and without work, they found themselves facing an enormous economic, psychological and care burden, the social effects of which are certainly not over. According to the Ipsos survey for WeWorld, 1 in 2 women say they are more financially unstable and are afraid of losing their job.
60% of unemployed women with children claim to have had a reduction of at least 20% in their economic income during the pandemic, which often implies an increased and worrying dependence: 51% (1 in 2) in fact claim to
depend on more from family and partner than in the past
. “The pandemic has also had a strong impact on undeclared work, especially in care / domestic assistance” - comments Elena Caneva of the WeWorld Study Center. Among the other data of the report made by interviewing 1000 women at the end of January 2021: 3 out of 10 women not employed with children due to Covid give up looking for work. 38% declare that they cannot bear an unexpected expense, a share that rises to 46% among mothers with children. As for the family burden, care work is almost entirely on the shoulders of women: despite family aid, which was shared again after the first lockdown, still 38% of women (2 out of 5) declare that they take care of unwanted people on their own. autonomous (elderly or children): since it rises to 47% among women between 25-34 years of age, concentrated on minor children, and to 42% in the 45-54 age group, who mainly care for the elderly. Not to mention the psychological consequences of the pandemic: 80% of women report a devastating impact on their social relationships and 46% (1 in 2 women) on their will to live. 76% of women saw a negative impact on their desire to make plans for their life. It is young women (18-24 years; 25-34 years) who report a greater impact of the pandemic on their mood, while 83% of older women (55-65 years) suffer more on the relational front. For 64% of the youngest girls (18-24 years) the pandemic had a strongly negative impact on their self-esteem. Almost 40% of women say that their family is having difficulty coping with an unexpected expense; 25% to bear an important expense; 23% to pay for dental bills and bills. the difficulties rise considerably in the families of unemployed women with children. Furthermore, 30% of women declare that they have benefited from help services, in the first place the delivery of medicines and food.
“The research portrays a situation of exclusion of women with deep roots, but which has amplified in the last year” comments the President Marco Chiesara who on March 4 presents the report during the
Special Edition of WeWorld Festival
. "This same perception comes from our operators and operators in the field, who work in various Italian cities to support women and children, and from the many requests for help that have arrived: women left alone, to cope with an enormous load from a family point of view , professional and psychological. This situation has united all Italian women, but it becomes dramatic if we look at the most marginal areas and the peripheries, from North to South: it is from here that we must start, urgently, to reverse the course. In addition to the practical implications, the data tell us that there has been a devastating impact on social and family relationships and on women's perception of self. The medium and long-term effects are difficult to predict. If we combine this with the fear of losing their jobs and the decision of unemployed women with children to stop looking for a new job, we foresee that
the consequences in the medium term will be truly worrying
and something we need to work on right now. Losing social relationships, self-esteem, the will to live undermines all the fundamental pillars to build a healthy and dignified life for oneself and for one's children ".