Although Italy hosts about half of the plant species and about a third of all animal species currently present in Europe, its biodiversity is decreasing due to habitat loss, the climate crisis, widespread pollution, over-exploitation. resources, anthropogenic activity and the growing impacts of invasive alien species.
The new report by Legambiente dedicated to wildlife and launched today on the World Day dedicated to it, draws the picture of the state of the art.
"We need to protect the country's endangered fauna by resolving conflicts between institutions - notes the association - by increasing economic resources and establishing marine and terrestrial protected areas starting from those already foreseen".
The document analyzes 12 species at risk and of high value, including the griffon vulture, the Mediterranean trout, the Italian crested newt, the otter, the Marsican brown bear, the wolf and the Apennine chamois, butterflies and pollinators, sharks, dolphins and the Caretta caretta turtle.
Among the proposals of Legambiente it is "first of all important to increase protected areas and areas of integral protection by 2030; improve the management of biodiversity and natural capital, improve the management of the Natura 2000 network and define action plans for the fauna species at risk and for each protected area by completing, for example, the National Wolf Conservation and Management Plan, strengthening the strategies for the protection of the brown bear, and updating the Apennine chamois action plan ".