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The Valencian Government wants to declare the paella a Site of Cultural Interest

2021-04-07T18:10:58.998Z

The regional government approves the procedures to distinguish "the art of joining and sharing" of the Valencian dish, at the request of the City Council of the capital, which aspires to present it to Unesco Heritage



Typical Valencian paella. Valencia City Council

The Valencian Government has approved the procedures for the paella to be declared an Asset of Cultural Interest (BIC) soon.

It is not a question of consecrating a canonical recipe for the popular dish, the subject of heated discussions between orthodox and heterodox, but rather of recognizing the tradition, the food and the social act that both its preparation and tasting entail.

The technical commission for the study and inventory of the Intangible Heritage of the Ministry of Culture has concluded in an opinion entitled

La paella valenciana.

The art of uniting and sharing

that it is "a very precious intangible asset, with a historical-cultural tradition of great importance in all areas, whether local, regional, national or international."

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The committee supports its decision on the arguments presented by the applicants for the declaration, a group led by the Department of Tourism of the Valencia City Council, with the support of the three provincial councils, city councils, Valencian universities, cultural entities, restaurants and chefs such as Quique Dacosta (three Michelin stars) or Ricard Camarena (two stars).

Among the reasons defended is that it is “a traditional and contemporary dish”, it constitutes “an integrating phenomenon” and has a “representative character of Valencian society”.

It is an "identity symbol of the Valencian territory that has endured over the years, being transmitted from generation to generation" and that has maintained the customs and practices of preparing the dish.

He classifies it as a "key backbone of Valencian gastronomy", due to the various possibilities of its preparation, in addition to qualifying it as a "cultural icon in the Spanish territory".

In addition, he maintains that "the preparation and elaboration of this dish have become a social phenomenon" due to the different activities that are carried out around the recipe, among which they have highlighted "a family meal or a rice contest".

Regarding the sacrileges perpetrated for the preparation of paella, the opinion points out that the innovation in the ingredients is "a consequence of the globalization process" and the internationalization of the dish: "It is unique to travel to other countries and find the controversial 'paella with chorizo or sausages' or watch a cook stirring the rice from the paella in the style of the typical

Italian

risotto

”.

For its definitive declaration, the publication of the file in the

Official Gazette of the Generalitat Valenciana (DOGV

) is

missing

in a process that must be completed with three reports from consultative institutions, such as the Valencian universities, the Academy of Fine Arts of San Carlos or the organ Advisory Consell Valencià de Cultura.

“In this way, a tradition and customs are recognized that revolve around paella, the social act that surrounds it: brotherhood, meetings to prepare it, eat it and also share it.

There are festivals and traditions in which a whole town congregates around it ”, points out the general director of Heritage, Carmen Amoraga, whose department is competent in the matter of declarations of assets of cultural interest.

The deputy mayor of Valencia, the socialist Sandra Gómez, expressed her satisfaction with the recognition this Wednesday, which, she said, represents a step "to continue advancing and ensuring that paella is declared Intangible Heritage of Humanity".

After its declaration as BIC, the Generalitat must present to the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sports the candidacy proposal for the list of registered cultural assets of the different autonomous communities to present to Unesco, the so-called indicative list.

The property that is a candidate must remain on this list for at least one year, and thereafter, the process continues for at least two more years with the intervention of the Historic Heritage Council and the World Heritage Committee for approval.

Neapolitan pizza or the Mediterranean diet are already a World Heritage Site.

The proposal of the City Council, governed by Compromís and the PSPV-PSOE, includes information collected from the recipes of the 319 restaurants distinguished by Wikipaella, using a statistical pattern. "As a conclusion we distinguish between basic ingredients, present in 100% of the recipes, and variable ingredients, whose presence depends on the area of ​​the Valencian Community in which we are," he points out. There are three types of paellas: Valencian, a banda / senyoret and rabbit and snails. In Valencia, the ingredients used are always: olive oil, rice, water, saffron, chicken, rabbit,

garrofó

(a type of bean),

ferradura

(a kind of bean), salt and tomato. In the

arròs

a banda, the same base is used but changing the water for fish broth and the meat for ranges and cuttlefish, mainly. In the third paella, widespread in Elche, in addition to serrano snails (

vaquetas

, in Valencian) and rabbit, red pepper is included.

Source: elparis

All life articles on 2021-04-07

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