Record of the last 5 years for the food emergency in the world.
In 2020, at least 155 million people were exposed to the risk of acute 'food insecurity' at critical or worse levels in 55 countries / territories.
A figure that appears to be up by about 20 million compared to the previous one.
And the economic shock resulting from Covid-19 represents the second cause after the wars, supplanting extreme climatic events that become the third cause.
This is what emerges from the annual report published by the World Network Against Food Crises (GNAFC), an alliance between United Nations agencies, the EU, government bodies and NGOs.
Acute food insecurity - reads the new report from the global network against food crises - has continued "inexorably to increase since 2017, the year in which the first edition of the report was published". Of the people in food distress, around 133,000 experienced the most severe level of acute food insecurity in 2020, classified as Catastrophe (IPC / CH phase 5), in Burkina Faso, South Sudan and Yemen, where action was needed. with emergency aid to avoid widespread death and the collapse of livelihoods, the report said. Also in 2020 at least another 28 million people faced a level of acute food insecurity classified as an Emergency (phase 4 of the IPC / CH), very close to starvation ".In addition, in the 55 countries / territories affected by the food crisis examined in the report, over 75 million children under the age of five were stunted in 2020, while more than 15 million showed signs of malnutrition.
"One year after the declaration relating to the Covid-19 pandemic, the prospects for 2021 and for the following years appear bleak. Conflicts, restrictions introduced to stem the pandemic are likely to exacerbate economic difficulties and the persistent threat adverse weather conditions will continue to cause food crises ", say the founding organizations of the World Network - EU, FAO and World Food Program - in a joint declaration issued, in agreement with USAID, on the sidelines of the publication of the report. "The Covid-19 pandemic - they continue - has revealed the fragility of the world food system and the need to create more equitable, sustainable and resilient systems to guarantee a regular and nutritious diet for 8,5 billion people by 2030. If we want to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, it is essential to radically transform our agri-food systems ".