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Diabetes Medication Overview: Why You Should Use Metformin Only As A Last resort

2021-05-07T07:07:21.932Z

Around ten million diabetics live in Germany. But in many cases no treatment with medication would be necessary - if those affected knew the following fact.



Around ten million diabetics live in Germany.

But in many cases no treatment with medication would be necessary - if those affected knew the following fact.

Eight million Germans currently suffer from diabetes, as the German Diabetes Aid informs. In addition, another two million people should not yet know about their disease. The number of unreported

cases

is high:

Until the first diagnosis, those affected live with undiscovered diabetes for about eight years, according to the German Diabetes Aid

. In most cases, it is type 2 diabetes, which is usually preceded by insulin resistance *. In this case, body cells respond less well to the hormone insulin. As a result, the blood sugar level rises because the cells can absorb less sugar from food.

There are blood sugar-lowering drugs that are used against type 2 diabetes, but also other so-called antidiabetic drugs.

But this should not be taken too quickly, advises the

Gesundheitsinformation.de

portal

, which is operated by the Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG).

Medication only makes sense if the blood sugar level cannot be controlled in any other way - for example by changing your diet or exercising.

You can find out here how you can treat type 2 diabetes without medication and prevent it from developing.

Only your attending physician can decide when the medication with antidiabetic drugs makes sense.

Age plays a decisive role in this.

The onset of type 2 diabetes with increased blood sugar levels in older people only rarely leads to vascular and nerve damage, as

informed by

Gesundheitsinformation.de

.

For younger people, on the other hand, the risk of diabetes-related damage such as kidney disease, stroke or heart attack

increases if an elevated blood sugar level is not recognized and lowered early on.

Overview of antidiabetic drugs: Commonly used drugs for type 2 diabetes

  • Metformin

    : Metformin lowers the blood sugar level by interfering with the glucose metabolism in several ways, informs the diabetes advisor.

    It is a proven classic and at the same time a very safe, modern drug, it is said.

    However, as with all drugs, side effects are possible, such as gastrointestinal complaints.

  • Sulphonylureas

    : This group of drugs are substances that help the body produce more insulin.

    Side effects include hypoglycaemia, weight gain and allergic reactions, as informed by Health Information.

  • Glinide

    : Nateglinide and repaglinide fall into this category and increase the body's own insulin production.

    Again, hypoglycaemia and weight gain can occur.

  • Gliptins

    : Gliptins like the active ingredients linagliptin, saxagliptin, vildagliptin or sitaglipti stimulate the body to produce more insulin.

    Possible side effects: headache and gastrointestinal complaints.

  • Flozine

    : Flozine like the active ingredients dapagliflozin, empagliflozin and canagliflozin score points according to the diabetes guide with the effect that you lose weight by taking it, lower your blood pressure and, in the case of the active ingredient empagliflozin, protect the heart and kidneys.

    Flozine cause more sugar to be excreted in the urine.

    This also increases the risk of vaginal thrush and probably also the risk of over-acidification of the blood, according to the portal

    Gesundheitsinformation.de

    .

More sources: https://www.diabetesde.org/ueber_diabetes/was_ist_diabetes_/diabetes_in_zahlen

(jg) * Merkur.de is an offer from IPPEN.MEDIA.

Read more

: If you have breakfast at this time, your risk of diabetes is reduced enormously, according to the study.

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Source: merkur

All life articles on 2021-05-07

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