06/17/2021 10:01 PM
Updated 06/17/2021 10:22 PM
After the controversy over the postponement of the Aprender tests, a new heated debate seems to reach the educational world. Now, because the Ministry of Education is
analyzing creating a "pedagogical unit" that includes the 2020, 2021 and 2022 school cycles
. This means that, as happened last year,
all students would pass a grade or a year without accrediting their knowledge
. This evaluation of learning (now three years) would
at the end of the year 2022
The initiative was proposed this Tuesday by the national Ministry of Education to the provincial ministers for their analysis at a meeting of the Federal Council of Education.
And already at that meeting, some ministers - such as those of Ciudad, Córdoba and Mendoza -
expressed their objections
Marisa Díaz, Secretary of Education of the National Ministry of Education -who presented the proposal- tells
the idea is.
"Now we are going through the last period of the 2020/2021 pedagogical unit and we are allowing ourselves with the Federal Council to evaluate how this time has passed, what are the consequences and on that discussion
we will see what decision we make for 2022
", he said.
And he explained the reasons for the idea in dance.
“You have to understand that
working in educational cycles is a tradition
of the Argentine educational system.
We raised the agenda of topics with the intention of seeing how we move forward.
The next school is different and you have to start making decisions,
The objective of the pedagogical unit is to prevent children who cannot learn due to the difficulties of the pandemic from
being left behind
For that they must be accompanied especially under the figure of
The debate arises because the decision must be made at the federal level and the educational situation today is diverse in the jurisdictions.
While some still today cannot guarantee high levels of presence (and then it is justified to move towards a pedagogical unit that includes 2022);
in other districts, the school year was somehow "normalizing."
And then it could be evaluated in the traditional way.
This is the case of the City of Buenos Aires, where classes started on February 17 and since then they have only been interrupted for three days, due to strict confinement.
From the City they say that they have already established by resolution all the guidelines of the school year.
The Buenos Aires minister Soledad Acuña came out to raise it publicly.
He said that the pedagogical unit until 2022 would mean "saying that everyone goes back, that nobody repeats, that
it does not matter if they learned or did not learn,
" he told the TN signal.
“You can take a measure of this exceptionality a year where we had an exceptionality, but a year and a half later we cannot be talking about the same thing.
And it means that we are going to fool the kids by
telling them that they can do something they didn't learn,
also spoke with Mendoza's Minister of Education Jose Thomas.
“I believe a lot in accompanying the individual trajectories of the boys, and it
is well proven that repetition does not work
But you have to see
what devices are used to counteract it
We have a nominal system, which supports each of the boys trying not to stay, ”he said.
“The conditions are not the same as last year, and therefore
we should not do the same from the operational point of view
But yes from the conceptual point of view: repetition, as we have known it, is not the solution for this year either, ”he added.
For Guillermina Tiramonti, a FLACSO researcher, the pedagogical unit “can mean two things. One, that we are going to reassemble the program of those 3 years to define the knowledge that the boys have to acquire given the pandemic situation, and make the evaluations of the case. This
would be very smart
. Or is it that we do not evaluate anything until 2022, and that
would be terrifying
mean that we are willing to let the children learn nothing. And only in the 22nd we will take care of whether the boys know or do not know, with the aggravating factor that maybe in the 22nd we can invent something to kick the evaluations until the 23rd and then the government period ends and we will see. what we do, ”he said.
Gustavo Zorzoli, former rector of Buenos Aires is very critical.
"This proposal arises as other times
in the orbit of the state bureaucracy
, which ignores the problems facing the educational system and does nothing more than discourage the study of our students and continues to level down by not evaluating," he told
The country, with educational results that worry since before the pandemic arrived
There are still no results that show
how the pandemic impacted the learning
of Argentine students.
Since March 2020 until now, no evaluation has been made and
the next one will only be in April 2022
, due to the postponement of the Aprender tests.
the last thermometer
that measures the school performance of boys dates from 2019 (last Learn tests taken) and 2018 (international PISA tests).
And in both
the results were worrying
The last Aprender test measured what high school seniors know about Math and Language.
In Mathematics there are the main ones.
The level of Argentine students was not doing well, but
in 2019 it worsened even more
28.6% reach a satisfactory level
Seen in another way: 71.4% of high school students left for university or the world of work, barely managing to recognize some basic concepts of the discipline and solving very simple calculations.
And an even more worrying data:
42.8% were located "below the basic".
That is, 4 out of 10 of these young people did not understand the most basic and elementary questions of Mathematics.
the PISA test
, which is taken from 15-year-old students from different countries, Argentina has not improved since 2006. The last edition showed that
more than half of these students do not understand the most basic of a text and seven out of ten still they cannot solve a simple calculation.
ranked 63 out of 77 countries evaluated
And it continued to decline in Latin America, where it was
only above Panama and the Dominican Republic
, and almost "tied" with Peru, which years ago had much lower performances.
With the results of 2018, the country was increasingly distant from Chile, which remains at the regional top, and from other countries that are slowly but persistently improving, such as Uruguay, Costa Rica and Mexico.
In 2018, the main focus of the study was on
. Hence, it emerged that 52% of 15-year-old Argentine students could not "identify the main idea in a text of moderate length, find information based on explicit criteria, or reflect on the purpose and form of the texts." And 25.7% barely reached that basic understanding. Only 1% achieved the best results in reading. w Ricardo Braginski