After several successive periods of confinement, the economic situation deteriorated in many companies during the year 2020. Thus, the automotive and aeronautics sectors have paid a heavy price for Covid-19. In fact, travel has been restricted, which has severely penalized the transport sectors, but also those of commerce, hotels, restaurants and culture. In these different fields of activity, the overall reduction in the employment rate was around 26.9% (*). Fortunately, the economic recovery and the mass vaccination campaign changed the situation during the year 2021. The government has put in place emergency measures (solidarity fund, exemption from contributions, loans guaranteed by the State, etc. .) (**).These various measures have enabled a gradual exit from the crisis for entrepreneurs in difficulty. Now let's see which sectors of the labor market are where job vacancies flourish!
Labor market 2021: An economic recovery in France
According to INSEE figures, the growth of the French economy should return to its pre-Covid-19 crisis level and exceed 6% at the end of 2021 (**). Thanks to the massive vaccination campaign and the implementation of the Health Pass, the French were able to return to work in their company. Many of them also give their opinion on the quality of the companies in which they work. These opinions make it possible to fight against poor working conditions and help to move things in the right direction. During the Covid-19 crisis, teleworking had a favorable impact on the quality of life and well-being of employees. It is to be hoped that the improvement in working conditions will continue to increase.be one of the major topics for companies in the years to come. Apart from the work-metro-sleep ritual, the French like to go out and consume. This is why cultural places, hotels, restaurants and shops have regained new economic momentum. Overall, this strong recovery should continue in most sectors of activity, provided that economic players do not continue to suffer from a shortage of raw materials and a shortage of human resources.activities, provided that economic actors do not continue to suffer from a shortage of raw materials and a shortage of human resources.activities, provided that economic actors do not continue to suffer from a shortage of raw materials and a shortage of human resources.
Labor market 2021: sectors that recruit at the regional level
A first example shows that the lack of electronic components and spare parts has forced automobile manufacturers to reduce their production. A second example shows that the labor shortage affects 15% of service companies and 40% of construction companies. In a pandemic context, these two sectors are still struggling to recruit labor. This is the reason why they offer many vacant jobs for apprentices, workers and specialized agents in most of the major French regions. The most pessimistic commentators feared a collapse in the labor market during the Covid-19 pandemic, but it is not. Certain sectors are in the process of recruiting, such as health, transport or logistics in the Rhône-Alpes region. Inother regions, such as Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, the Paris region, Normandy or Brittany, we are witnessing a massive creation of jobs in the digital sector and renewable energies. In the more industrial region of Center-Val-de-Loire, the nuclear energy, logistics, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and digital sectors are the biggest recruiters. Finally, tourism activity in the Provence-Alpes-Côte-d'Azur region has taken time to regain its level before the Covid-19 crisis. From now on, the PACA region is benefiting from a return in tourist frequentation. It therefore recruits in the tourism, but also health, agrifood and digital sectors. This quick overview, not exhaustive, shows therange of the main recruitment sectors in a pandemic context in France.
Labor market 2021: the main recruitment trends to come
It is possible to take advantage of the context of the pandemic to consider changing jobs or to find a job in a sector of the future.
Future trends in the labor market are giving pride of place to trades in organic trade and ecology (recycling and recovery of waste, green energies, etc.).
Thus, no less than 800,000 positions per year will have to be filled by 2022. (****)
In the tertiary sector, the teaching professions, personal services (maintenance workers, home helpers, etc.) and the care professions (nursing assistants, nurses, etc.) will recruit en masse. Indeed, it will be necessary to renew a volume of 620,000 retirements of teachers, civil service executives and also recruit qualified jobs in a large number of trades (employees of the hotel and catering industry, security guards and security staff. security, carriers, etc.) (****).
In general, no sector of employment has really escaped the economic recession following the Covid-19 pandemic.
However, the current pace of activity recovery is returning to its pre-crisis level.
This upturn in the job market brings a smile to all those who are looking to find a job or to change jobs!