A total of 33,428 km of roads are concerned, over portions ranging from 5,284 km in the Allier to 22 km in the Haut-Rhin.
In all, 37 departments have returned to 90 km / h on some of their roads outside the city, after the lowering of the speed limit to 80 km / h at the national level, according to a ministerial report, revealed this Friday by the Defense League drivers.
These departments are above all "predominantly rural and having a low population density" on an axis stretching from Calvados to Hérault, but also in certain departments of the Grand-Est, according to this report sent by the Ministry of the Interior to parliamentarians. . A total of 33,428 km of roads are concerned, over portions ranging from 5,284 km in the Allier to 22 km in the Haut-Rhin.
The lowering in July 2018 from 90 to 80 km / h of the maximum speed, on two-way secondary roads without a central separator, where fatal accidents are concentrated, had been followed by strong protests, in particular from “vests”. yellow ”.
At the end of December 2019, the Mobility Orientation Law offered the departments the possibility of derogating from 80 km / h, after consulting the departmental road safety commission on each of the road sections concerned.
349 lives saved over 20 months
To justify their decision, the departmental councils have above all mentioned the need to "make traffic more fluid and remedy the increase in the accumulation of vehicles, especially behind heavy goods vehicles, generating risk-taking when overtaking", and " to reduce travel times to fight against the isolation of the territories ”.
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The report written in September indicates that the effects of the return to 90 km / h on road mortality were measured in a very heterogeneous way, making it impossible to take stock, especially since the year 2020 saw figures of traffic in decline, due to the health crisis.
A first report published in July 2020 affirmed that the reduction in the authorized speed had saved 349 lives over 20 months and saved 700 million euros per year (reduction in accidents, lower fuel consumption), for a travel time increased by just one second per kilometer on average.
In its press release, the League for the Defense of Drivers accuses the government of "oscillating between two strategies: either it arranges the results in its own way so that the benefits appear indisputable, or it hides them under the carpet.
But in his viewfinder, always the same culprit: speed ”.
"The other factors of accident, alcohol, narcotics, degradation of the roads, remain on the other hand the poor relations of the Road Safety", underlined the League in a press release.