Relief for tenants: the landlord must bear these costs from 2023
Created: 2022-11-29 09:51
By: Caroline Schäfer
From next year, landlords will have to contribute to the climate tax.
This particularly relieves tenants who live in poorly insulated houses.
Kassel – So far, tenants have been asked to pay the so-called CO2 tax for the apartment on their own.
In the future, however, landlords should also contribute to the costs.
The federal government passed a corresponding law on Thursday, November 10th.
The Federal Council finally approved this on Friday, November 25th, reports hna.de.
An additional tax has been levied on oil and gas since 2021 in order to reduce climate-damaging carbon dioxide emissions.
So far, this has only been done at the expense of the tenants.
From 2023 onwards, the CO2 price will be divided between both parties according to a stage model.
The “Carbon Dioxide Cost Allocation Act” is scheduled to come into force on January 1, 2023.
From 2023: Landlords must contribute to the climate tax
Accordingly, the less climate-friendly the house is, the more the landlord has to take on.
After all, he is also responsible for the energetic condition of the house.
Because not only the heating behavior determines how much CO2 is emitted, but also how well a house is insulated, which heating and which windows are installed.
The aim of the law is to create incentives for energy savings and energy-related refurbishments.
"For this purpose, the carbon dioxide costs are graded according to the carbon dioxide emissions of the building per square meter of living space and thus distributed on the basis of the energetic quality of the building," it said.
For residential buildings with particularly high greenhouse gas emissions per square meter, landlords should pay 95 percent of the CO2 price.
If a building is more climate-friendly, the percentage decreases.
Carbon dioxide emissions per square meter of living space and year
Less than 12 kilograms
Tenant 100 percent - landlord 0 percent
12 to 17 kilograms
Tenants 90 percent - landlords 10 percent
17 to 22 kilograms
Tenants 80 percent - landlords 20 percent
22 to 27 kilograms
Tenants 70 percent - landlords 30 percent
27 to 32 kilograms
Tenants 60 percent - landlords 40 percent
32 to 37 kilograms
Tenants 50 percent - landlords 50 percent
37 to 42 kilograms
Tenants 40 percent - landlords 60 percent
42 to 47 kilograms
Tenants 30 percent - landlords 70 percent
47 to 52 kilograms
Tenants 20 percent - landlords 80 percent
More than 52 kilograms
Tenants 5 percent - landlords 95 percent
Source: Draft law on the allocation of CO2 costs (Carbon Dioxide Cost Allocation Act - CO2KostAufG)
From 2023 onwards, landlords will have to participate in the CO2 tax.
© Ekaterina Yakunina/imago
This change is coming to tenants and landlords - "A fair model"
Construction Minister Klara Geywitz (SPD) is satisfied with the new law.
This relieves all tenants in Germany, she told the
German Press Agency (dpa)
“Now we have a fair model that also makes landlords responsible.
In this way, both sides are making a contribution to climate protection.”
The current CO2 price is 0.5 cents per kilowatt hour of natural gas.
According to the comparison portal Check24
, a family would have to pay 128.40 euros in CO2 tax for an annual 20,000 kilowatt hours in a climate-friendly house, and only 6.32 euros in a poorly insulated house
From January 1, 2023, the landlord must bear the rest.
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For each house, it must now be determined how many kilograms of CO2 are emitted per year.
In future, landlords will have to calculate this themselves.
According to the federal government, they should receive appropriate data to support them.
Landlords must participate more from 2023: Union with criticism
In the case of shops and office buildings, the costs should each be split in half, unless otherwise agreed in the lease.
There are exceptions, for example, for listed residential buildings.
Landlords cannot simply refurbish here.
Accordingly, the proportion attributable to the tenants could be higher.
The Union criticized the new law.
The "desired steering effect of the CO2 price" fizzles out, said construction politician Jan-Marco Luczak (CDU).
According to him, consumption behavior depends on tenants and the weather.
"Instead, it would be correct to reward the renovations that have been carried out and the corresponding savings in CO2." On the one hand, frugal tenants are punished, but also families with many children and older people who often heat more.
Tenant representatives, on the other hand, fear that the costs of a renovation could ultimately be passed on to the tenants.
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