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The epic of Musa Dagh, or the symbol of Armenian resistance


BIG STORY - Refugees on the Musa Dagh, some 5,000 Armenian villagers resisted the Ottoman forces for fifty-three days before being rescued by the French navy.

This article is taken from

Figaro Histoire

“Armenia, tragedy and hope”.

Find in this issue

a special file on the history of a country.

Le Figaro Histoire, “Armenia, tragedy and hope”.

Le Figaro History

It was in historic Armenia that at the beginning of 1915, the Ottomans suffered the first of their great defeats.

The Russian Empire then overflowed into two regions taken from the Turks in 1877-1878, Kars and Ardahan, an area populated mainly by Armenians.

However, from December 22, 1914 to January 17, 1915, the Ottomans attempted to retake Kars;

they failed miserably and suffered appalling losses (78,000 dead) during the battle of Sarıkamış.

The Turkish generalissimo, Enver Pasha, was wounded there and rescued by a captain of the Ottoman army who was Armenian: this detail would weigh ironically.

Read alsoArmenia: tragedy and hope

In this clash, however, the Russians had difficulty advancing against the Turks.

Admittedly, during the spring of 1915, the Tsar's troops were able to go as far as Van, where a very large Armenian minority lived and where they had taken refuge...

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Source: lefigaro

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