In 2021 Istat notes that there are 96,197 homeless and homeless people registered in the registry office.
Of these, only 38% is represented by foreigners coming in more than half of the cases from Africa.
They are mostly men and with an average age of 41.6 years, which rises to 45.5 years for Italians alone.
"The inclusion in the survey of the homeless and homeless is a positive sign, aimed at giving visibility and recognition also to segments of populations that tend to be statistically difficult", explains Fio.psd, federation of organizations for the homeless.
The data, explains Fio.psd, also show that the homeless and homeless people surveyed are resident in 2,198 Italian municipalities but 50% concentrated in 6 municipalities: Rome with 23% of registrations equal to over 22 thousand people , followed by Milan (9%), Naples (7%), Turin (4.6%), Genoa (3%) and Foggia (3.7%).
The latter is the only small municipality to report a significant share of homeless and homeless people.
Other territorial peculiarities emerge with respect to the Municipality of Naples where the share of women is particularly high (10% of the total women surveyed) and the presence of foreigners is much more limited compared to other large Municipalities (8.6% against approximately 60% of Rome, Milan and Florence), and the Calabrian Municipality of San Ferdinando where people, mostly of foreign origin,
they represent about 10% of the entire population surveyed in the municipality.
Other Municipalities in which the presence of homeless and homeless foreigners is significant are Trieste, Reggio Emilia, Bologna, Alessandria, Como, Savona, Venice and Brescia, as well as Marsala, Catania, Sassari and Cagliari.
The homeless and the homeless are those who are registered in the registry at a fictitious residence address and at the address of the associations that work in their support (homeless), and those who, despite not having a usual place of residence, elect their domicile in the municipality where they usually live (homeless).
Fio.psd warns that "however, it is necessary to specify that these data present a partial snapshot of the extension and characterization of the phenomenon of serious marginalization in our country. From a quantitative point of view, the census survey, adopting only personal data as a source, on the one hand, it risks underestimating the number of people who can more properly consider themselves homeless.
As already revealed by the 2014 sample survey, in fact, a third of the homeless declared that they were not registered in the registry office of an Italian municipality.
In particular, these are irregular foreigners who therefore remain excluded from the census survey". Not only that, the Federation wonders, "to what extent can people residing in reception centers for migrants, hotels or other welfare institutions express a social need such that they can be considered homeless people?
With these and other reflections, we place ourselves in a logic of open and constructive dialogue with Istat,