The story of the pilot who was sucked out of the window (Airline Secrets Exposed)
This amazing event took place in 1990, but has re-ignited social media after it was retweeted on Twitter.
This is the amazing story of Tim Lancaster, a British pilot who was part of the crew of the commercial plane that made its way from Birmingham, England to Malaga with 87 passengers and crew.
Suddenly two of the plane's front windows shatter and Lancaster is pulled out of the cockpit with part of his body hanging outside the plane while his friends try to defy the forces of nature and grab hold of his legs to pull him back inside.
The shattering of the windows caused great chaos in the plane's cockpit, with the strong wind causing the door to come off and almost hitting flight attendant Nigel Odgen.
Odgen still managed to run to the cockpit to help hold onto Lancaster's legs as he flew out the window.
This is how it was reported in 1990
Ogden himself began to slip, but another crew member named John Howard was also rushed into the cockpit and grabbed him by the belt, before another flight attendant stepped in and aided in efforts to save Lancaster.
All this drama took place at an altitude of about 7,000 meters above the ground as Lancaster fought for his life not to fly completely out of the plane and plummet to his death.
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The pilot recreates the event
Meanwhile, co-pilot Alistair Hutchinson took command of the plane and shouted 'Mayday!
Amazingly enough, Hutchinson managed to take control of the plane despite the shattered windows and the pilot hanging on for life.
He managed to make an emergency landing at Southampton Airport, where the plane's crew was received by emergency crews.
What's even more amazing is that Lancaster managed to survive this trauma and came out of the incident with only a few fractures and frostbite - after being with his body outside in a temperature of 25 degrees below zero.
He was hospitalized, and after less than five months he returned to work as a pilot.
Steward Ogden suffered a sprained shoulder and frostbite.
There were no other casualties.
Co-pilot Hutchinson, flight attendant Ogden and one of the flight attendants were awarded a commendation on behalf of the Queen for their actions.
Atchison was also awarded the Polaris Medal - an aircrewman's medal of excellence for handling emergency situations, given by the International Federation of Commercial Pilots Associations.
What caused the accident?
The accident was investigated by the air accident investigation branch of the British Ministry of Transport.
Investigators examined the window that was blown out of place and found that it had been replaced and installed 27 hours before the flight, but flaws fell in the measurements of each of the ninety screws that held the window frame in place.
It turned out that the window that was replaced by the blown window was installed in its place using unsuitable screws, and the maintenance worker who replaced the window chose other screws in their place "by eye" and not according to what was stated in the aircraft's maintenance manual.
After the plane took off and flew, the pressure difference between the inside of the plane (which was compressed) and the thin air outside it gradually increased, until the window succumbed to this difference and was blown away.
This also exposed a design flaw of the BAC 1-11 plane - the window was installed on the outside of the fuselage instead of on the inside.
This prevented the internal air pressure from tightening the window in place and the screws with which it was fixed in place were exposed to a greater load than planned.
Now, Lancaster and his team are experiencing renewed fame in the social media world, with the Twitter reenactment of the event garnering over 170,000 likes and 38,000 retweets.