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Covid: an official report reveals how vaccine management impacted excess deaths


In 2021, the first year of vaccination, Argentina had 55,000 more deaths than in 2020, the year of the quarantine. It was one of the countries in the region with the highest year-on-year increase.

On the night of March 19, 2020, when the

Covid pandemic

was stirring

With his first scythes, President Alberto Fernández announced on a national channel the entry of Argentina into Preventive and Mandatory Social Isolation (ASPO),

a quarantine

that would ultimately become one of the most extensive in the world.

They were times of



Both Fernández and the governors of the two main districts of the country, Axel Kicillof and Horacio Rodríguez Larreta, showed unity to face the threat of an unknown enemy, which had been wreaking havoc from Europe, especially in Italy and Spain.

The effort of the locked-up population caused the curve of deaths from Covid

to grow more slowly

that year.

The contrast came from 2021, when it was expected that the vaccines already available on the market would supply the network that was run from the waning social isolation.

A brand new official report reveals

to what extent the

management of vaccines

had an impact on this aspect.

This is the document

"Excess mortality in Argentina, years 2020-2021"

, prepared by the National Ministry of Health.

A comparative analysis between mortality in

one year and another

, and the comparison of the same index with that of other countries of the continent, allows drawing some conclusions.

In 2020, excess mortality in Argentina was

10.2 percent

, only optimized by two countries: Uruguay and Paraguay.

In 2021, on the other hand, when the vaccines were already available,

Chile and the United States

joined the Uruguayans to achieve better indicators than Argentina.

The data also show that while in 2020 Chile and the United States had excess mortality of

12.9 and 15.3 percent

respectively, in 2021 these indicators became

21.5 and 17.8


The excess mortality in our country, on the other hand, was

26.3 percent

in 2021 , 16.1 percentage points more than the previous year.

As background information, it should be remembered that Chile and the United States were two of the first countries to apply

messenger RNA vaccines

, the new platform that would prove to be the most effective among those approved.

Argentina delayed the acquisition of these vaccines, also taken advantage of prematurely by Uruguay.

In May 2021, the

peak of excess mortality in Argentina

occurred : 70 percent more than that predicted for a normal May.

Two months later, the Government announced the purchase of 20 million doses from the Pfizer laboratory.

When that happened,

eight countries

in the region had already signed their contracts.

The first half of 2021 was marked by a


vaccine shortage .

In Argentina, in particular, the delay in the delivery of the AstraZeneca doses was combined with the lack of second components of Sputnik V. To this was added the lower efficacy of the Sinopharm vaccine and the procrastination of the Government to further 


 your suppliers.

Starting from the peak in May 2021, excess mortality

fell steadily


If you look at the daily immunization curve in the Public Vaccination Monitor, that is precisely the

turning point

at which Argentina makes a leap in the number of doses applied.

From the final average, which evaluates the management of both years, it appears that Argentina ends worse in excess deaths than

Uruguay, Chile and the United States


What had been achieved with the initial effort of the population during the quarantine could not be sustained by the performance of the state management, whose result was more unstable or weak than in those other countries.

That deficit, in 2021, made the excess deaths in Argentina with respect to a standard year (without a pandemic) to be



That is,

55,034 more deaths

than the excess that had already been registered in 2020, when the Covid abyss was crossed in the dark, without vaccines and the ASPO prevailed.

This figure also represents


more deaths than if in 2021 the Chilean performance had been matched;


more than if the Uruguayan had matched;



more than the US management index.

Balance of the 2020-21 biennium

In summary, Argentina had better indicators in the biennium than Brazil, Paraguay, Colombia, Mexico, Ecuador, Bolivia and Peru.

In 2020, it avoided excess deaths to a greater extent than almost all the others, but it was the

fifth nation in the region

that suffered the most from the increase in that excess from one year to the next,

Thus, Argentina, with

16.1 extra percentage points

in 2021, ranked after Brazil (20.2 extra points), Colombia (22.9 extra points), Uruguay (23.3 extra points) and Paraguay ( 47.4 extra points).


only country that reduced

the excess deaths in 2021 compared to 2020 was Ecuador.

When specifically analyzing what happened in 2021 in Argentina, the official report describes: "The greatest excess mortality was observed in the first semester (40.5 percent), while in the second semester the excess was 9.3 percent." ”.

And to explain it, he concludes briefly: "This coincides with

the dynamics of the pandemic

in the country."

Since the start of the pandemic, Argentina has so far had

130,473 deaths

from Covid.

After the series of missteps that occurred during the first half of 2021, the Government managed to consolidate a broader and more effective portfolio of vaccines, which allowed coverage of almost the entire population with at least two doses in the following months.


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Source: clarin

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