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Avoiding heartburn: which foods stimulate stomach acid


Highlights: Heartburn (pyrosis of the stomach) is an unpleasant, burning pain caused by too much stomach acid. The longer the coffee has been roasted, the less stomach-irritating chlorogenic acid it contains. Sparkling wine with a lot of carbon dioxide and white wine with increased acidity at a pH value of 2.8 to 3 can stimulate the reflux of increased gastric juice. Heartburn is also commonly equated with the term reflux, which is an oppositely flowing movement of body fluids.

If the stomach acid is regurgitated again after a certain meal, one can sometimes only guess what is behind it. Which foods are worse tolerated by heartburn sufferers.

1 / 11Even if coffee lovers among heartburn sufferers don't want to admit it, the morning stimulant has been shown to stimulate the production of stomach acid. It depends on the type and duration of roasting. The longer the coffee has been roasted, the less stomach-irritating chlorogenic acid it contains. It can help to change the type of coffee to minimize or avoid heartburn altogether. © Nenov Images/Imago2 / 11Hmmm, yummy! A sweet pastry with coffee tastes simply delicious. But be careful: Fresh yeast baked goods such as nut rolls and doughnuts as well as biscuits are also among the typical triggers for many people who are prone to heartburn. This is partly due to the yeast it contains, and partly because of the refined sugar, refined white flour and saturated fatty acids that promote heartburn. © azur13/Imago3 / 11The trigger for too much stomach acid is already hidden in the word itself: carbonic acid. Sparkling water does not contain acid, but rather dissolved carbon dioxide. Contained in mineral water and other beverages, the dissolved carbon dioxide can trigger heartburn because it opens the sphincter between the esophagus and stomach. This allows the stomach contents to rise into the esophagus along with the acid, which brings with it the typical reflux symptoms. © Westend61/Imago4 / 11Alcoholic beverages can also cause heartburn in some people. In particular, sparkling wine with a lot of carbon dioxide and white wine with increased acidity at a pH value of 2.8 to 3 can stimulate the reflux of increased gastric juice. © Solovyeva/Imago5 / 11Acidic fruits such as lemons consist of abundant acid, which can promote heartburn. © Westend61/Imago6 / 11Drinking fresh grapefruit or sour berries can also increase the risk of heartburn in some people. © LuboIvanko/Imago7 / 11Raw onions are considered a food that can promote reflux of stomach acid. In a study published in the American Journal of Gastroenterology, it was found that a single slice of onion already leads to a significant increase in hydrogen ions in the stomach. This has resulted in a significant increase in heartburn, as the "Ärzteblatt" reports. © Elet/Imago8 / 11Tomatoes can also stimulate the production of gastric juice and promote heartburn. Even after eating tomato ketchup, the same effect can occur. © ildi/Imago


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My area9 / 11In addition to onions, raw peppers are also among the vegetables that can trigger heartburn. In order to boost their digestion, the body needs to produce more stomach acid, which can lead to reflux through the esophagus into the throat. © Vladdeep/Imago10/11As healthy as they are due to their omega-3 fatty acids, fatty fish such as herring, eel, and carp stimulate stomach acid production and can cause heartburn by excessive reflux back into the esophagus and throat. © blickwinkel/Imago11 / 11Fatty and spicy meat as well as fatty cheeses can stimulate the production of stomach acid and cause heartburn after consumption – especially in combination with a burger. If you react to cheese and roasted meat, you should keep consumption as low as possible. © Alex9500/Imago

Heartburn (pyrosis) is an unpleasant, burning pain in the stomach area that is caused by too much stomach acid and can rise up to the throat and throat. Heartburn is also commonly equated with reflux, with the term reflux generally describing an oppositely flowing movement of body fluids. In the case of heartburn, it is the gastric juice that returns to the esophagus via the entrance to the stomach.

In many cases, the reasons for the reflux of stomach acid are the eating of certain foods such as vegetables, fruits, fat and sugar. Serious illnesses such as esophageal cancer or stomach cancer can also lead to severe reflux of stomach acid and heartburn. At the same time, reflux of stomach acid can increase the risk of developing stomach cancer and esophageal cancer.

Home remedies for heartburn

Healing clay, dissolved in a glass of water or tea, with an interval of one hour from other medicines

Lukewarm, still water

Chamomile or fennel tea

Sauerkraut and potato juice

If you know that you react to certain foods with heartburn, you should try to reduce them or avoid them altogether. Also, small meals that contain little fat and sugar, as well as not eating too late, can avoid the increased production of gastric juice and heartburn. Tip: do not eat anything about four hours before going to bed so that the food could already pass through the stomach.

Medications for heartburn

Sodium hydrocarbonate

Calcium carbonate

Magnesium carbonate










In order to find out more precisely which foods could trigger the heartburn, a so-called heartburn diary can prove helpful. You keep a written record of all the foods you eat daily as food – including spices – and drink, for a time frame of at least two weeks. You may be able to draw meaningful conclusions from the information yourself afterwards, or you may consult your doctor or a gastroenterologist if the heartburn is particularly severe. In addition to avoiding risky foods, they may advise you to follow a therapy plan and, if necessary, initiate further examinations.

This article contains only general information on the respective health topic and is therefore not intended for self-diagnosis, treatment or medication. It is in no way a substitute for a visit to the doctor. Unfortunately, our editors are not allowed to answer individual questions about clinical pictures.

Source: merkur

All life articles on 2023-05-28

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