Every euro invested in childcare services goes back to the State 13 times, which is why "building nurseries is not an issue for moms and dads but is fundamental for the Gross Domestic Product, as well as to restart the birth rate", says the economist Azzurra Rinaldi, director of the School of Gender Economics at the University of Rome Unitelma Sapienza.
The PNR provides 4.6 billion for childcare services, for the construction or modernization of over 2 thousand nurseries and kindergartens. The risk, associations such as Save the Children and civil society have long warned, is to lose funds also because municipalities, especially those in inland areas, have difficulties with tenders.
"One of the misunderstandings in which we are mired - explains the economist - is that we see nurseries as services in favor of mothers. This is short-sighted. 75% of care activities are on the shoulders of women; But it is a system problem that also affects those who do not have children. Our country - underlines the economist - is fatigued because the female workforce cannot stay on the labor market and 1 woman out of 3 resigns after their children. Instead, when there are nurseries,women can produce income that turns into GDP and then into services for all".
The EU Barcelona targets, on childcare services, already provided for at least 1 guaranteed place for every 3 children in a nursery. Among other things, nurseries and nurseries are already framed as a "right of the person": in the spirit of the Constitution, they contribute to leveling social inequalities. In Italy there are territorial differences: in the North there are more than two places out of three in the nests but in the South they are missing.
"A vision was missing," according to the economist. Let's talk about the Next Generation EU, the next generation. We could have reached at least two places out of 3 but in the PNR we kept the minimum target of Barcelona. The countries where the employment rate is highest - notes Rinaldi - are also those in which more children are born and GDP grows".
According to the economist, "as highlighted by the Svimez report, there was no planning that would identify the areas where there was most need for nurseries, namely small municipalities and inland areas, which, with fewer skills, have not responded to the call or are lagging behind". There is also another theme. The PNR funds do not concern the staff who will have to work there. "So if the municipality does not have the funds, asylum is not done", concludes the economist.
The issue is also linked to violence against women, in a country where 1 in 3 women does not have a personal account and is often a victim of economic violence. Kindergartens and kindergartens also serve women's independence, especially in inland areas. Azzurra Rinaldi, together with the activists - Sarah Malnerich, Francesca Fiore, Ella Marciello and Mila Spicola - launched a petition "Make nests, hurry up" on Change.org reached 10 thousand signatures.
Svimez, on nurseries and school Pnrr will not bridge the gaps - Legality & School
The territorial cohesion purpose of the "Pnrr of the school" is at risk: the ministerial criteria for allocating resources at regional level have not taken into account the heterogeneity of the regions in terms of investment needs. (ANSA)
The dark side of motherhood - Magazine
Today having children is considered an individual gesture of mothers who in the eyes of society must be multitasking and perfect but who in reality are left alone. How can the birth of a child turn into darkness? A journey into motherhood in Italy, where the birth rate is at an all-time low