You can earn a maximum of 520 euros per month for a mini-job, but in some companies there is still holiday pay or other allowances. Do they count towards the salary?
Occupations that are remunerated with an average of 520 euros per month are called mini-jobs. A type of employment that is used by many people in Germany to bring a little money into the household budget. With a 520-euro job (until October 2022 still 450-euro job), an employee can earn up to 6,240 euros a year, according to the mini-job center. The good thing is that only when this earnings limit is exceeded is the employment considered to be subject to compulsory insurance. But what is actually part of the salary of a mini-jobber (and how many hours are you allowed to work per month)?
The mini-job is based on the minimum wage. This is currently twelve euros per hour, which is why a mini-jobber is allowed to work a maximum of 43 hours per month. The higher the hourly wage, the fewer hours you are allowed to work. (Symbolic image) © Andreas Poertner/Imago
520-euro position: What counts as a salary?
In addition to the salary for a mini-job, i.e. a maximum of 520 euros per month, one-off special payments are also part of the earnings. These so-called one-off payments include, for example:
- Christmas bonus
The important thing here is that if the one-off payments are foreseeable, they must be offset as earnings at the beginning of employment, according to the mini-job center.
In the case of payments that have not been planned, i.e. are unforeseen, the situation is somewhat different. If the financial year was perhaps very successful and the employees are paid a spontaneous Christmas bonus, it must be checked whether the earnings limit is exceeded. Because this could well have an impact on the mini-job.
Mini-job: Which amounts do not count towards the salary?
According to Techniker Krankenkasse (TK), amounts that are "possible but not to be expected with sufficient certainty" do not have to be taken into account. Examples of this would be:
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In addition, additional amounts can be earned. For example, the mini-job center writes on its homepage: "Anyone who holds a voluntary position can receive up to 840 euros a year as part of the volunteer lump sum without having to pay tax."
By the way: A few mini-jobs pay better than others. This means that you have to work fewer hours a month overall – and have more time for other things.