Admittedly, in the unions as in the government, no one says they believe in the existence of "sequences". This is one of the few points on which both sides agree.
However, the presentation of the full employment bill to the Council of Ministers on Wednesday, June 7 strongly resembles an attempt by the executive to open a new chapter after the long struggle over pension reform.
With this set of eleven articles, the majority does nothing less than accede to the main demand of the CFDT, namely to "talk about work" and not only pensions. The aim of the text is indeed to continue to improve the situation on the labour market, in particular by facilitating "the integration of people furthest from work" and by "removing peripheral brakes", explains Matignon.
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In the line of sight, the government's objective of achieving full employment by the end of the five-year term. A target considered to be reached when the unemployment rate falls below 5%, the theoretical threshold commonly used by economists.
Several projects will therefore make significant progress this Wednesday. The main folder is the creation of France Work. This organization, which must take over from Pôle emploi on January 1, 2024, has already been the subject of a detailed report by the High Commissioner for Employment and Business Engagement, Thibaut Guilluy, who submitted it to the Ministry of Labour on April 17.
In concrete terms, the aim will be to offer a "faster" and "more personalised" path back to work. In particular, by directly registering recipients of minimum wages, such as the RSA, in France Labour. But also to better guide jobseekers by referring them to social services if necessary or other actors, such as local missions.
In addition, the executive wants to recast the contract of engagement signed between the jobseekers and the accompanying organization. The purpose of the latter will be, if necessary, to set the level of commitment of the beneficiaries, which may go up to fifteen to twenty hours per week of steps to return to employment.
To ensure compliance, sanctions will be reviewed, to become "more progressive and more effective", the government is told. This will create a suspension of aid with the possibility of retroactive payment if the beneficiary complies with his duties.
Taking disability into account better
In parallel, several articles will be devoted to the improvement of people with disabilities. They take up in the form of a law the measures set out by the Head of State at the National Conference on Disability (CNH) at the end of April.
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Finally, a final component will be devoted to early childhood. The aim is to improve childcare, in particular by increasing the number of places available, to avoid as much as possible that some parents find themselves forced to leave their work to take care of their child.
The parliamentary process of the bill will begin in the Senate, which will examine it from the first fortnight of July before the passage to the National Assembly.
Steps that could lead to substantial changes to the text. "On certain aspects, such as the governance of France Labour, we can reach consensus. On the other hand, on the obligations of unemployed people and the commitments of the community towards them, there will certainly be divergences between left and right," admits Marc Ferracci, vice-president of the Renaissance group in the National Assembly and leader of the majority working group on employment and value sharing issues.