A butterfly garden provides a suitable habitat for endangered butterfly species. What flowers and shrubs the butterflies prefer.
Like many other insect species, some butterflies are on the verge of extinction. However, if you make room for insect-friendly flowers and plants in your garden, you can create a suitable habitat for the butterflies. Here you can find out everything gardening enthusiasts need to know and which plants the animals particularly love.
Butterfly Garden: Colorful variety and insect-friendly plants
Many butterfly species are rarely found in German gardens, but a butterfly garden offers the butterflies a suitable habitat. © manfredxy/Imago
Garden enthusiasts can help the endangered butterflies, but also other insects, by providing them with a suitable habitat. A butterfly garden full of insect-friendly plants provides the butterflies with sufficient food as well as shelter and resting places.
When choosing plants, amateur gardeners should preferably use native varieties that are also rich in nectar. The following shrubs belong in the insect-friendly garden:
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- Fat hen: The different species and varieties of the fat hen provide the butterflies with sufficient food even in autumn and serve as a source of nectar. The flowers are particularly easy to care for, as they tolerate drought and sun well, but also low temperatures.
- Broom flowers: The yellow flowers of the broom flower attract butterflies from May to July. But they are also a popular food source for butterfly caterpillars.
- Lavender: Blue lavender is one of the classics in the insect-friendly garden. Depending on the variety, the plants bloom between June and September, and many are also hardy.
- Blackberries: The shrubs provide a habitat not only for butterflies, but also for other insects such as bees and bumblebees. They should therefore not be missing in any butterfly garden.
- Magnificent candle: The magnificent or prairie candle creates a food supply for butterflies all year round, because it blooms until the first frost.
- Blue star: This plant is one of the varieties that provides butterflies with sufficient nectar from spring to late autumn.
- Evening primrose: The evening primrose does not develop its full aroma until dusk, attracting butterfly species that are nocturnal.
- Zinnias: The open flowers of the zinnias are particularly attractive to butterflies. The flowers bloom from June to October.
- Lilac: Summer lilac is very popular with butterflies and moths due to its purple flowers. Because purple is the favorite color of many butterflies.
- Autumn asters: Colorful flowers are particularly popular with butterflies. Garden flowers such as the autumn asters, which bloom in bright colours from midsummer to autumn, are therefore particularly important.
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Butterflies in the garden: Butterflies love herbs and vegetable plants
In order to provide sufficient food for the hungry caterpillars of butterflies in spring and summer, it is necessary to plant food sources. According to the German Nature Conservation Association (NABU), various wild herbs and selected vegetable plants should be found in a near-natural garden. Herbs and vegetables such as carrots, fennel, dill or garlic mustard attract beautiful butterflies such as the swallowtail.