Habeck's heating law encourages people to think about oil and gas alternatives. We look at pellet heating systems, including the costs and framework conditions of an installation.
Frankfurt – Which heating model is best for me? The ongoing negotiations on the heating laws encourage a closer look at various heating alternatives. The entangled regulations and increasing bans complicate the decision-making process – pellet heating systems are a vivid example of this. It is worthwhile to take a look at this type of heating for those who live in an existing building and do not move into a new building.
A changeover with hurdles: For whom pellet heating systems are worthwhile – and for whom they are not
Most recently, a ban on wood-fired heating systems under the Building Energy Act (GEG) has caused an uproar among many consumers. In addition to pellet heating systems, wood-burning stoves are also affected. Small all-clear: The ban is limited to new buildings. The reasons for this are complex, but do not meet with approval everywhere – according to the FDP, heating with wood should also be allowed in new buildings.
According to the Federal Environment Agency: 7 things you should consider when heating with pellets
Unlike the FDP, the Federal Environment Agency (UBA) welcomes the ban on wood-fired heating systems in new buildings. And it goes one step further: with regard to all households, renewable energies are preferable to wood heating. Nevertheless, the installation of heat pumps is also currently dividing opinions: many consumers are satisfied with the performance, while others address the dangers to people and the environment.
Habeck's heating law intensifies discussion of alternatives such as pellet heating systems. (Symbolic photo) © imago images/Christian Ohde
If you are skeptical about heating with renewable energies, it may be worthwhile to look into pellet heating systems. In addition, consumers can approach an alternative energy supply through a combination of wood and renewable energies. According to the UBA, the following must then be observed:
First of all, additional costs for a high energy efficiency class or the like can hurt. However, such investments are not only important for the environment, but can even pay off in the long term due to lower fuel requirements.
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Switching to pellet heating systems? These costs are borne by consumers
The price for switching to pellet heating is made up of the boiler, pellet storage, conveyor system, buffer tank, installation and running costs. The boiler is the most expensive: According to the heating engineer thermondo, it can cost between 9000 (at up to 14 kW) and 11,000 (at over 35 kW), depending on the power and efficiency. Here you will find the other cost items and their approximate prices determined by thermondo:
|Pellet storage||1,500 to 3,000 euros for up to 5,000 kilos of pellets|
|Conveyor||1,500 to 2,500 euros, depending on the length of the path between the warehouse and the boiler|
|Cache||pure heat storage from 1,500 euros, combined storage tank incl. hot water preparation from 2,500 euros|
|Assembly and installation||Labor costs between 2,000 and 4,000 euros|
|Running costs||a ton of wood pellets costs about 660 euros|
It turns out that even if the boiler is the most expensive link in the bill, thousands of euros are still on top. Although the state subsidy is not quite as high as for the installation of heat pumps, it is still subsidized by the Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA).