Fatigue, hair loss, sweating: a disease of the thyroid gland can cause various symptoms. If there are certain signs, a doctor should be contacted.
About one in three adults in Germany will be diagnosed with at least one pathological thyroid change in the course of their lives. According to the German Thyroid Center, the frequency increases with age. Diseases such as hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, goiter, Graves' disease, inflammation and Hashimoto's disease or thyroid cancer occur particularly often. An overview of possible symptoms that may indicate a disease.
Thyroid: Hashimoto's, hyperthyroidism – What are the signs of disease?
The thyroid gland has many functions in the body, a disease can manifest itself through various symptoms. (Symbolic image) © IMAGO/Zoonar.com/Oleksandr Latkun
Certain symptoms such as heavy sweating, weight loss or fatigue and frequent freezing can indicate diseases of the thyroid gland. Those affected should therefore consult a doctor who can diagnose or rule out a possible disease with the help of blood analyses and ultrasound examinations of the thyroid gland. An overview of the symptoms that indicate a disease:
- Hypofunction: frequent freezing, tiredness or exhaustion, significant weight gain, listlessness, depression, constipation, memory impairment, shortness of breath, low pulse, aching/tingling, numb muscles and joints,
- Hyperfunction: Weight loss, hair loss, mood swings, nervousness, irritability, tremors, palpitations, increased sweating
- Nodule formation in the thyroid gland: Difficulty swallowing, feeling of pressure in the throat, hoarseness
- Thyroid cancer: Coughing, hoarseness, difficulty swallowing, palpable or visibly enlarged lymph nodes in the throat area, feeling of pressure in the throat area, shortness of breath
- Hashimoto: Autoimmune disease that can lead to hypothyroidism. Possible symptoms include exhaustion, tiredness, depression and depressed mood, freezing, sensitivity to cold, constipation and bloating, weight gain, brittle hair and hair loss, thick neck due to enlarged thyroid gland
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Thyroid gland: how to prevent a disease?
Keeping the thyroid gland healthy – this is possible with a certain diet. Sufficient iodine is important for this. It can be found, for example, in seafood, iodized table salt or in cheese. However, there is no absolute certainty for the prevention of thyroid diseases through an iodine-rich diet.
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Thyroid gland: Important functions at a glance
The thyroid gland has various functions in the body and is considered a vital hormone gland. Some relevant functions of the thyroid gland at a glance:
- Increase in carbohydrate intake
- Promoting the body's own production of carbohydrates and protein
- Growth and maturation of skeleton, brain and musculature
- Increased release of the body's own fat stocks
- Acceleration of cholesterol breakdown
This article contains only general information on the respective health topic and is therefore not intended for self-diagnosis, treatment or medication. It is in no way a substitute for a visit to the doctor. Unfortunately, individual questions about clinical pictures may not be answered by our editors.