Status: 02.10.2023, 04:45 a.m.
By: Judith Braun
Certain foods are not only harmful to health in general, but above all to the liver. Thus, excessive consumption can lead to fatty liver.
In a healthy liver, there is about three to four percent fat. On the other hand, experts speak of a fatty liver (also called steatosis hepatis) when more than 50 percent of the liver cells are affected by fatty degeneration. Fatty liver is an increasingly common disease – especially in industrialized nations – that often goes unnoticed at first. Since there are no drugs against it so far, those affected must counteract obesity with a change in lifestyle and a healthy diet. If you already want to prevent it, it is therefore better to avoid certain foods.
Eleven foods can harm the liver and promote fatty liver
More and more people in industrialized nations suffer from fatty liver. © Science Photo Library/IMAGO
- In Germany, about one in three adults and one in three overweight children suffer from fatty liver.
- Fatty liver is divided into alcoholic (AFLD) and non-alcoholic (NAFLD) fatty liver, although it is often difficult to distinguish between them.
- NAFLD can be caused by various risk factors, especially unhealthy diets and excessive alcohol consumption.
- Even though research is already underway, there are no drugs for the treatment of fatty liver. A change in diet and the renunciation of harmful foods are therefore crucial.
- This is because untreated fatty liver can cause serious complications such as liver cirrhosis and liver cancer.
- A balanced diet and healthy behaviors can contribute to their healing.
- For example, certain foods such as whole grains, blueberries and nuts promote liver regeneration.
- However, there are also foods that fatty liver patients should avoid or consume in moderation. These include the following eleven foods: white flour products, soft drinks, fruit juices (if only as spritzers), alcohol, sweet fruits (e.g. grapes, pineapples), meat and sausages, fast food and ready meals as well as sugar and sweets.
- In addition to proper nutrition, eating habits are also important, including calorie reduction and longer meal breaks to relieve the liver and support its regeneration.
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This article contains only general information on the respective health topic and is therefore not intended for self-diagnosis, treatment or medication. It is in no way a substitute for a visit to the doctor. Unfortunately, individual questions about clinical pictures may not be answered by our editors.
This article was created with the help of machines and carefully reviewed by editor Judith Braun before publication.