Status: 30.11.2023, 20:33 PM
By: Laura Knops
In Germany, employees are entitled to nine public holidays and 20 statutory vacation days. Compared to other European countries, the Germans are thus at the bottom of the rankings.
In this country, the holiday entitlement is defined by law. Employees are entitled to at least 20 days of leave. However, the number of paid vacation days depends on the company, length of service, contract and age. According to Business Insider, Germans get an average of 29 days off a year. This means that Germany performs very poorly in a European comparison.
EU comparison: Only Greeks have fewer holidays than Germans
With a five-day week, you get at least 20 days of vacation, which is required by law. However, your employment contract or collective bargaining agreements may also include a higher holiday entitlement. © Zoonar/Imago
Experts from the website Resume.io calculated the number of days off of employees in a worldwide analysis. Public holidays and the legal minimum number of vacation days were combined. As part of the study, the Resume.io team examined data from a total of 197 countries. The result: In an international comparison, employees are entitled to about 11.8 public holidays and 18.2 public holidays. Worldwide, the Germans are not doing so badly.
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The absolute front-runner is Iran with 53 vacation days, 27 of which are paid holidays. Internationally, the USA brought up the rear. In the United States, there is no statutory paid vacation and only ten paid holidays. How many vacation days employees have in the U.S. is therefore entirely at the discretion of the employer.
Vacation days in a European comparison: Austria and Malta are the frontrunners
However, the situation is different in a European comparison. If the focus is on the EU countries, Germany shares the penultimate place with Ireland and the Netherlands. With 26 days, only the Greeks have fewer holidays. The front-runners are Austria and Malta with 38 days of vacation. This is followed by Spain and France with 36 days of vacation each. Portugal and Luxembourg are in third place with 35 days of leave per year.
Employees in the EU are entitled to the most vacation days in the following countries:
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- Austria: 38 vacation days
- Malta: 38 days of vacation
- Spain: 36 days of holiday
- France: 36 days of vacation
- Portugal: 35 days of vacation
- Luxembourg: 35 days of vacation
- Sweden: 35 days of vacation
- Latvia: 35 days of vacation
- Lithuania: 35 days of vacation
- Slovakia: 35 days of holiday
Public holidays and working hours: Germany just below the European average
There are a total of nine national holidays in Germany. Regardless of this, the number of public holidays in the federal states differs significantly. While there are 13 public holidays in most Bavarian municipalities, there are just 10 days in Hamburg. Nine public holidays are the minimum in Europe. In many countries, the few public holidays are compensated for by an average of more vacation days or shorter working hours.
When it comes to working hours, Germany is only slightly below the European average of 34 hours at around 8.37 hours per week, as reported by ZDF.de. However, this figure is influenced by a proportion of 30 percent part-time workers. Full-time weekly working hours in 2021 were a full 40 hours. Only the Greeks achieved peak values: In the European country, employees work around 41.3 hours a week.