Tyler Docu Fall of Jericho/Vision Video
The walls of Jericho are considered one of the most iconic sites mentioned in the Bible. While most scholars say that the biblical story of the war that took place there cannot be verified, the enormous stone walls of this Neolithic settlement have been found by archaeologists, many of whom agree that it is one of the oldest cities in the world and are in no hurry to draw conclusions about its history.
Despite its profound historical importance, the city is best known from the biblical narrative of the conquest of Jericho - when the Israelites fought the Canaanites. According to the Book of Joshua, chapter 30, G-d commanded Joshua ben Nun to circle the walls of Jericho with the Israelites for six days, once a day, and on the seventh day to circle the city seven times, headed by seven priests with the Ark of the Covenant. Carol blew the shofar and the cheers of the wall fell beneath it, and they broke into the city, conquered and burned it.
Most scholars believe that the description of the bloody war is inaccurate. In the 1400s, British archaeologist John Garstang conducted excavations at the site and even claimed to have found the falling walls mentioned in the Bible, as well as burnt remains indicating the destruction of the city. He also dated the ruins to around 1550 BC, which would fit the biblical chronology of the battle.
However, Kathleen Kenyon's work in the <>s cast doubt on this bold claim. It dated the destruction of the city to around <> BC, suggesting that its destruction was related to another well-documented military campaign by the Egyptians against Canaanite cities. Until Joshua's supposed conquest, the city had been deserted for more than a century, according to Kenyon's findings. The story of this daring battle, therefore, is likely to be a bit of an exaggeration given that there was no one to conquer there, she says.
Ruins of the Ancient Walls of Jericho/ShutterStock, Vinicius Moreira da Silva
Before you rush to dismiss the biblical story, note that carbon dating carried out later in the 90s indicated that the timing of the city's destruction did indeed match the description of the Bible, suggesting that the Book of Joshua may contain some elements of truth. Nonetheless, most scholars state that the credibility of the biblical story should be questioned, at least partially.
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Kathleen Kenyon claims that the destruction of the city was related to a well-documented military campaign by the Egyptians against Canaanite cities/ShutterStock, Geothea
The ancient town of Jericho is located 10 km northwest of the Dead Sea, about 1.5 km north of the modern city of Jericho. Archaeological work has been carried out there since the 19th century, when in 1868 Charles Warren carried out an excavation that revealed that the city of Tel a-Sultan (Tel Jericho) was the site of the biblical Jericho. Tel Jericho is the central mound in the city of Jericho, with a maximum height of 21.5 meters and an area of 40 dunams.
Jericho's famous walls – about 4 meters high – have been damaged and rebuilt many times over the centuries, but are believed to have first been built around 8,000 BC. According to UNESCO, Old Jericho is "one of the oldest monumental building and fortification systems in the world, as well as one of the principal Neolithic agricultural centers in human history."
More on the subject:UNESCO declared:
Tel al-Sultan in Jericho - Palestinian
World Heritage Site The
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So Who Really Led to the Fall of the Walls?/ShutterStock, FrancisOD
Around 8,000 BC, the city also included an 8.5-meter-high stone structure called the Jericho Tower, considered to be the world's first stone building of this type. The tower, discovered by archaeologists in 1952, is a cylindrical tower with an upper platform reached by 22 steps.
Archaeologists are not sure what the tower was used for. Some have suggested that it was a geographical marker or perhaps had some astronomical function because it was loosely aligned with the sun on the longest day of the year. Another suggestion is that it was a status symbol, built by the superpowers to boast of the success of the city and its inhabited existence.
- More on the subject:
- The Bible
- Yehoshua Ben Nun