The first government in Sudan since the fall of President Omar Al-Bashir in April was unveiled Thursday (September 5th), a major step in the process of transition with the establishment of institutions to lead to a civil power after decades of regime authoritarian. After a postponement of several days, the announcement of the government was finally made Thursday evening at a press conference in Khartoum by its leader, Abdallah Hamdok, a veteran economist who was inducted on August 21.
"We are entering a new era today ," he said, announcing a government of eighteen members including four women, including Foreign Minister Asma Mohamed Abdallah. "The first priority of the transitional government is to end the war and build a lasting peace," referring to the conflicts plaguing the states of Darfur, Blue Nile and South Kordofan. Rebels from these marginalized areas fought for years against the regime of Omar Al-Bashir, overthrown after four months of unprecedented protests unleashed in December by the tripling of the price of bread.
Necessary peace agreements
After the signing on 17 August of an agreement between the Transitional Military Council - which succeeded Bashir - and the leaders of the challenge, Sudan has a Sovereign Council, a civil majority body but led by a soldier, who must oversee the transition. This historic agreement, which outlines a transitional period of just over three years and paves the way for democratic elections, includes the need to sign peace agreements with rebel groups.Article reserved for our subscribers Read also In Sudan, no respite for the transitional government
Four rebel groups in Darfur (West) announced at the end of August that they would "negotiate with the transitional authorities" by adopting a common position, without giving further details. The other challenge of the government will be to raise the economy of a country that has suffered two decades of US sanctions. Washington lifted the embargo in 2017 while keeping Sudan on its blacklist of "states supporting terrorism" .
"Most representative" government
The new government will also have to put an end to corruption and dismantle the deep state established by the Islamists who backed Bachir's coup in 1989. The announcement of a new government was postponed several times to give time for the Prime Minister to choose among the names proposed by the Forces for Freedom and Change (FLC), the spearhead of the challenge, and by the military who succeeded Mr. Bachir.
A former UN collaborator, Hamdok wanted to form "a more representative government of the different states of Sudan" and ensure "a balance" between the number of men and women, said Tuesday the Sovereign Council. The next step in the transition, according to the terms of the agreement, will be the establishment of a legislature, less than 90 days after it is signed. This assembly must have 300 members including 201 from the FLC.Read also Sudan: Abdallah Hamdok, former UN economist, becomes prime minister