Written by: Wu Yan'an
2019-12-04 10:50Last updated: 2019-12-04 12:37
The Center for Progressive Education, chaired by Fan Xu Litai, a former member of the National People ’s Congress, held today (4th) a symposium on “National Constitution Day”. Guests included Chief Executive Lin Zheng Yue'e, Director of the China International Affairs Office Wang Zhimin, Chief Secretary for Administration Zhang Jianzong, Member of the Basic Law Committee, Han Dayuan, etc.
After the district council election, Wang Zhimin ’s movements have received much attention. He said in Beijing yesterday that he would continue to faithfully perform his functions with the leadership team and all colleagues of the China United Nations Office. He will live up to his support. Today is the first time that Wang Zhimin has spoken publicly in Hong Kong after the district election. , "Hong Kong 01" will be broadcast live.
The National Constitution Day Symposium was held today. (Photo by Li Zetong)
Han Dayuan: No reason to change "one country, two systems" after 2047
 During the Q & A session, students from the Huang Chubiao Middle School of the Hong Kong Federation of Educators asked if the "one country, two systems" will continue to be implemented after 2047. The Basic Law Committee Han Dae-won pointed out that "one country, two systems" is an important link to world civilization and no reason can be found. If there is a change, it means that by 2047, the change will only be the further improvement of the right to full governance and a high degree of autonomy.
Xiangdao Middle School students asked if there would be a major interpretation if the government failed to appeal against the unconstitutional decision of the Prohibition of Masking Regulations. Han Dayuan said that to respect the legal process, it is necessary to look at the outcome of the appeal before commenting, and also pointed out that the core value of Hong Kong is the rule of law and the core value of the rule of law is judicial independence. It may succeed or fail. Han Dayuan emphasized that the NPC's interpretation of the law five times in the past was also made according to the needs of social development and the implementation of the Basic Law.
Wang Zhimin: Hong Kong SAR does not have a legal system that deviates from the Constitution
 Wang Zhimin, director of the China United Nations Affairs Office, said that the past five months were not peaceful under the Victoria Peak, and Hong Kong is no longer familiar with Hong Kong. It is considered that holding a forum at this time is of special significance.
Wang Zhimin shared three points of experience at the symposium, including firmly maintaining the constitution and the constitutional order established by the constitution, which are the fundamental requirements for the full implementation of the "one country, two systems". He explained that the constitution is the fundamental law of the country and has the highest legal status in China. "One country, two systems" and the fundamentals of the government emphasize that there is no case of departure from the Constitution.
Wang Zhimin said that if Hong Kong compatriots cherish the rule of law, they must safeguard the core values of the constitution, otherwise the rule of law cannot be discussed. He also pointed out that it is first and foremost to safeguard the power and dignity of the Constitution and the constitutional order of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region enacted by the Constitution, so as to guarantee the right to full governance and a high degree of autonomy. The challenge is that they will safeguard the "one country, two systems" from deformation and distortion, stick to the "one country" basis, and make good use of the benefits of the "two systems."
Wang Zhimin also said that firmly maintaining the constitutional order established by the Basic Law and the Constitution is the fundamental guarantee for the prosperity and stability of Hong Kong and the safety and security of the people. Describes the Constitution as a guarantee for a happy life. Hong Kong's 22 years of experience in governance can only ensure constitutional order. If the constitutional order is damaged by a small number of people, there will be constant disputes and chaos, and the whole society will pay a heavy price.
Wang Zhimin said that in the past period of time, there have been violations of radical violence in Hong Kong, seriously trampling on the rule of law and social order, seriously prospering and stabilizing Hong Kong, and seriously challenging the bottom line of the "one country, two systems" principle. The public is distressed by violent criminal activities. He believes that Hong Kong people will agree that stopping riots and restoring order is the most urgent work in Hong Kong. He hopes that Hong Kong people will firmly support Lin Zheng in leading the government to govern the government according to law. Institutions severely punish criminals.
Wang Zhimin, director of the China International Affairs Office. (Photo by Li Zetong)
Lin Zheng: Hong Kong should improve the constitution and the implementation system of the Basic Law
 Chief Executive Lin Zheng Yue'e said that the symposium will be held in Hong Kong for the third year. It is hoped that participants can learn about the relationship between the Basic Law and the Constitution through the symposium. Lin Zhengyue pointed out that the Constitution has the highest legal status as the fundamental and supreme law of the country. The Constitution is the basis of the Basic Law and provides a solid foundation and legal basis for one country, two systems.
Lin Zhengyue said that since June this year, Hong Kong has faced unprecedented shocks, and there has been great strife and violence. She stressed the need for the government to stop violence and restore social order as soon as possible. She pointed out that Hong Kong people need to respect one country and two systems Differences, clearly understand that one country is a prerequisite for the implementation of the two systems, stressed the need to strengthen the education of Hong Kong's Constitution and the Basic Law, in particular to strengthen the national volunteering and national identity of special civil servants and young people in the whole society, and to improve the SAR according to the requirements of one country, two systems , The Constitution and the Basic Law implement relevant systems and mechanisms.
 Han Dayuan, a professor at Renmin University School of Law and a member of the Basic Law Committee, said that "one country" is the premise and basis for implementing "two systems", and "two systems" are subordinate and derived from "one country". Han Dayuan pointed out that the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region was established in accordance with Article 31 of the Chinese Constitution, and in accordance with Article 2 of the Basic Law: the National People's Congress authorized the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region to exercise a high degree of autonomy and enjoy administrative rights in accordance with the provisions of this Law. , Legislative power, independent judicial power and final adjudication power, but Article 158 of the Basic Law stipulates that the interpretation power of the Basic Law belongs to the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress.
Han Dayuan pointed out that the Hong Kong courts can interpret other provisions of this law when they are trying cases, but if the Hong Kong courts need to explain the provisions of the Basic Law on matters governed by the Central People's Government or the relationship between the Central and the Special Administrative Regions, The interpretation of this clause also affects the judgment of the case. Before making an unappealable final judgment on the case, the Court of Final Appeal should ask the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress to explain the relevant provisions, which is reminiscent of the "Prohibition of Masked Rules" The case was found unconstitutional by the court.
Han Dayuan finally pointed out that Hong Kong is facing the most severe challenges since the reunification, not only affirming the major achievements of the 22 years since the reunification, but also reflecting on the problems of development, such as strengthening the constitution and basic law for public officials and young people, and upgrading The national identity, constitutional identity and nurturing of patriotism among young people, "We cannot doubt the big practice of" one country, two systems "because we have encountered some challenges and problems in the practice of the Basic Law, and we must not lose confidence in" one country, two systems. "
Huang Wangshan: Self-determination of Hong Kong people is political error and absurdity
 Huang Yushan, the president of the Open University and a member of the Basic Law Committee, pointed out in his speech that hundreds of millions of Chinese people had built a "Self-determination New China" in 1949, criticizing some people in Hong Kong for talking about "Self-determination", "It is politically wrong, It is ridiculous in truth. " Huang Yushan also pointed out that the Constitution is a national law and the source of all laws. The Basic Law of Hong Kong comes from the Constitution. "The" Basic Law "is" born "from the Constitution." Therefore, the National Constitution is the "mother law" and the "Basic Law." For the "sub-law", it is emphasized that the "sub-law" is under the "mother law" and describes the relationship between the Constitution and the "Basic Law" as "two mothers and sons".
Huang Yushan continued to point out that the national constitution is applied to every corner of the country. Because "Hong Kong is China's sacred territory", it directly states that "the constitution must be applied to Hong Kong." Huang also dismissed the saying that the Basic Law is a small constitution, referring to the so-called "administration according to law" in Hong Kong after the reunification, which is based on the national constitution and cannot isolate the Basic Law from the constitution. "The Constitution" is wrong, at least inaccurate. There is only one constitution. We need to implement the Constitution and implement the Basic Law derived from the Constitution. "
"Apple" reporter denied entry
 The seminar was well-guarded. From registration to entering the venue, it can be described as "a lot of checkpoints." During the registration period, "Apple Daily" reporters were refused entry. The staff of the conference said that "Apple" was not invited, and "Apple" reporters said The forums of the past two years have been able to enter the venue, questioning why they cannot enter the venue this year.
After reviewing the information, the symposium was organized by Lijin Education Center last year, and the symposium the previous year was co-organized by Bairen Fund in conjunction with the Hong Kong Basic Law Promotion Joint Conference and the Sun Tak Foundation.
Tan Yaozong, member of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, also attended. (Photo by Wu Yan'an)
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