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United States Visas: How to Apply for Tourism and Work Visas

2021-02-25T12:46:17.795Z

Nonimmigrant visas are for visitors and temporary workers, and immigrant visas are for people moving to the United States permanently.



This contains Biden's immigration reform proposal 2:51

(CNN) -

Here you can take a look at visas and travel documents for people visiting or moving to the United States.

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A visa is a travel document, put into a passport, that grants citizens of foreign countries permission to enter the United States for a specific purpose, be it a business trip, family vacation, or a student exchange program.

Unlike passports, visas are issued by the country that a traveler intends to visit.

There are dozens of different types of visas that cover a variety of travel purposes and countries of origin.

Nonimmigrant visas are for visitors and temporary workers, and immigrant visas are for people who move to the United States permanently.

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A visa, approved by a consular officer in the traveler's home country, does not guarantee admission to the United States.

Officials from the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), on behalf of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), may deny permission to a traveler to Entering the United States for a variety of reasons, even if the person has a valid visa.

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Visitor visas can be used for multiple trips to the United States as long as the visa is valid.

CBP determines the length of stay for each visit.

With most tourists and business travelers, the maximum length of stay per trip is six months.

Visitors must return home at the end of the approved length of stay, unless they have been granted an extension by the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).

According to DHS, the suspected overstay rate for international business travelers and tourists was 1.21% in 2019. That is estimated at 676,422 long-stay events.

In fiscal year 2019, the United States issued 8,742,068 nonimmigrant visas and 462,422 immigrant visas, according to preliminary data.

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The Department of State and DHS (CBP and USCIS) oversee different aspects of the visa process.

Nonimmigrant Visas

The nonimmigrant visa application process begins with an online application called Form DS-160.

After submitting the form, applicants should call the nearest embassy or consulate to schedule an interview.

Some non-immigrant visa applicants may have to pay an additional fee when their documentation is approved, depending on their nationality and the fees imposed by their home country on travelers from the United States.

This is called the principle of reciprocity.

The United States has a Visa Waiver Program.

People from 38 participating countries, including the United Kingdom, France, Japan, Australia, and Chile, can travel to the United States for tourism or business without a visa.

The exemption only covers stays of 90 days or less.

There are more than 20 major categories of non-immigrant visas, covering different reasons for traveling.

The five most common types are business travel / tourism visas (B-1, B-2), student visas (F-1, M-1), exchange visitor visas (J-1), members of crew / transit visas (C-1 / D) and skilled worker visas (H-1B).

B-1 / B-2 - These are visitor visas for travelers coming to the United States for business (B-1), tourism / vacation (B-2), or a combination of both.

In 2019, the United States issued 5,297,439 B-1 and B-2 visas.

F-1 / M-1: This visa is for students who come to the United States to attend an elementary school, university, seminary or other type of academic institutions.

Students have 60 days to leave the United States after completing their studies.

In 2019, the United States issued 364,204 F-1 visas.

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J-1: published for participants in private sector cultural exchange programs.

Cultural exchange categories include academics, interns, teachers, seasonal workers, au pairs - a young foreign person, typically a woman, who helps with housework or childcare in exchange for food, a room, and some pocket money - and professional apprentices.

In 2019, the United States issued 353,279 J-1 visas.

C-1 / D: This visa is a combination crew member / transit visa, issued to airline and cruise ship employees whose jobs include continuous travel in and out of the United States.

The C-1 visa is a transit visa, while the D visa is for crew members.

Both visas are required for workers coming from other countries to work on a ship or plane based in the United States.

In 2019, the United States issued 285,477 C-1 / D visas.

H-1B - This visa is for skilled workers, highly skilled professionals in fields including engineering, technology, medicine, and higher education.

There are three subcategories of H-1B visas.

The H-1B1 is a free trade agreement visa for specialized workers from Chile and Singapore.

The H-1B2 is for specialists who will work on projects for the Department of Defense Cooperative Research and Development program.

The H-1B3 visa is for fashion models of "distinguished merit and ability."

In 2019, the United States issued 188,123 H-1B visas.

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Immigrant visas

The immigrant visa application process begins with a petition, which must be approved by the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services.

Once the petition is approved, the applicant pays the fees and submits documentation to the National Visa Center.

After submitting the documents, an interview with an official from the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate is scheduled.

At the end of the interview, the applicant is informed whether their visa has been approved or rejected.

The main categories of immigrant visas are Relative Close Family (IR), Family Preference (F), Diversity for Immigrants (DIV), Employment Preference (E), and Special Immigrants (SIV).

Close relatives

(IR-1, IR-2, IR-3, IR-4, IR-5, CR-1, CR-2):

The Department of State issues an unlimited number of visas to people who have a close family relationship with a US citizen.

IR-1 and CR-1 (conditional residence):

These visas are for spouses.

An immigrant who has been married to a US citizen for less than two years is a conditional resident, with a CR-1 visa.

In 2019, the United States issued 83,554 IR-1 and CR-1 visas.

IR-2 and CR-2 (Conditional Residence) -

This visa is for unmarried children (under 21 years of age) of US citizens.

In 2019, the United States issued 36,159 IR-2 and CR-2 visas.

IR-3:

These visas are for orphans who are adopted abroad by US citizens.

In 2019, the United States issued 841 IR-3 visas.

IR-4:

this visa is for orphans who are brought to the United States and the adoption process takes place in the country.

In 2019, the United States issued 151 IR-4 visas.

IR-5:

These visas are for parents of US citizens 21 years of age or older.

In 2019, the United States issued 63,442 IR-5 visas.

Family Sponsored Preference (F1, F2A, F2B, F3, F4):

The Department of State issues a limited number of visas for people who have more distant family connections with US citizens.

Family sponsored preference visas can also be issued to relatives of individuals who are lawful permanent residents (green card or LPR holders).

F1 -

This visa is for unmarried sons or daughters of US citizens and their children under the age of 18.

In 2019, the United States issued 20,858 F1 visas.

F2 -

This visa is for spouses, minor children, and unmarried sons and daughters (21 years of age or older) of LPR or green card holders.

In 2019, the United States issued 86,236 F2 visas.

F3:

These visas are for married sons and daughters of US citizens and their spouses.

F3 visas can also be issued to grandchildren of US citizens under the age of 18.

In 2019, the United States issued 23,074 F3 visas.

F4:

This visa is for siblings of adult United States citizens and their spouses or minor children.

In 2019, the United States issued 60,770 F4 visas.

Diversity immigrants (DV):

Diversity visas are available to people living in countries with low rates of immigration to the United States.

These visas are awarded through a lottery system.

Countries eligible for diversity visas are grouped into six regions.

An individual living in a country not included in the diversity program may qualify for the lottery if his or her spouse was born in one of the eligible countries.

Diversity visa applicants must have a high school education or at least two years of qualified work experience.

In 2019, 45,889 DV visas were issued.

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Employment-based preference (E1, E2, E3, E4, E5):

The State Department annually issues around 20,000 employment preference immigrant visas.

In most cases, the potential employer files an Immigrant Petition for a Foreign Worker on behalf of the applicant.

In some cases, an applicant who does not have a specific job offer may petition on his or her own behalf.

There are five categories for these visas.

E1:

priority workers qualify for this visa.

Priority workers include people with "extraordinary ability" in science, the arts, business, or sports;

world-renowned professors and researchers, and managers or executives of foreign affiliates of US-based companies.

In 2019, 2,223 E1 visas were issued.

E2:

Applicants who have advanced college degrees or "exceptional skills" qualify for this visa.

E2 visas are for highly qualified professionals or those with "exceptional ability" in the sciences, arts, or business.

Most people applying for E2 visas must have a work certificate approved by the Department of Labor.

In general, employers file petitions on behalf of workers.

In some cases, however, applicants with "exceptional ability" can apply for a visa on their own.

In 2019, the United States issued 3,497 E2 visas.

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E3 -

This visa is for skilled and unskilled workers, as well as professionals who have at least a four-year college degree.

All applicants must have petitions submitted by their prospective employers, as well as a work certificate approved by the Department of Labor.

In 2019, 13,028 E3 visas were issued.

E4:

This visa is for special groups of immigrants who can apply for a visa without obtaining a labor certification.

The E4 subgroups include members of the clergy, US government employees abroad, and immigrant broadcasters.

In 2019, 1,901 E4 visas were issued.

E5:

This visa is for foreigners who invest capital in business in the United States.

The minimum investment is 1 million dollars for the visa.

Also foreigners who invest in a commercial company, in certain specific geographic areas with high unemployment rates, can obtain a visa for an investment of $ 500,000 as a measure to create employment.

In 2019, 7,889 E5 visas were issued.

Special Immigrants (SIV):

Special immigrant visas are granted to various subgroups, including Iraqis or Afghans who worked on behalf of the government, Iraqi and Afghan translators, and green card holders who return to the United States after spending a year or more in the United States. Foreign.

In 2019, the United States issued 11,384 SIV visas.

VisaVisa H-1BVisasVisas United States

Source: cnnespanol

All news articles on 2021-02-25

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