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This is how vaccination against the coronavirus goes in Latin America

2021-03-02T17:46:26.815Z

This is how vaccination against the coronavirus goes in Latin America Advantages of the Johnson & Johnson Vaccine 0:32 (CNN Spanish) - Several Latin American countries have begun to vaccinate their citizens against covid-19. Although there is still a long time to go to massively vaccinate the millions of inhabitants of the region, the process is progressing, but it has many challenges. The status of vaccination in Latin America is highly variable. While some count



Advantages of the Johnson & Johnson Vaccine 0:32

(CNN Spanish) -

Several Latin American countries have begun to vaccinate their citizens against covid-19.

Although there is still a long time to go to massively vaccinate the millions of inhabitants of the region, the process is progressing, but it has many challenges.

The status of vaccination in Latin America is highly variable.

While some countries have already started vaccination, others have not even received the first doses, although they have already made public details of the vaccination strategies or the preparations to receive and store the doses, but without giving specific dates.

Many countries in the region will receive vaccines from the Covax initiative, an alliance of more than 170 countries coordinated by the World Health Organization, to ensure the supply of vaccines, regardless of the economic capacity of the nations.

This is the status of vaccination against covid-19 in Latin America.

Argentina

Status 

vaccination

Argentina began to vaccinate the 29 December 2020. 

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Vaccination

plan 

:

First phase - Health personnel over 18 years of age who work with patients with covid-19 on the front line. 

Then, according to information from the Government of Argentina, it will continue as follows:

  • Older than 70 years / older residents in long-stay homes.

  • Adults 60 to 69 years old.

  • Armed Forces, security and prison service personnel.

  • Adults 18 to 59 years of age in groups at risk.

  • Teaching and non-teaching staff (initial, primary and secondary).

  • Other strategic populations defined by jurisdictions and dose availability.

Vaccines included in the agreements:

  • AstraZeneca / Oxford

  • Sputnik V - This is the only one that has been applied so far.

  • Sinopharm

  • Johnson & Johnson - Janssen

  • Pfizer / BioNTech

How many doses do you expect to receive:

Argentina has already received these:

  • 300,000 of Sputnik V, on December 24, 2020 (first component)

  • 300,000 more Sputnik V, on January 16, 2021 (second component)

  • 220,000 of Sputnik V, on January 28 (110,000 and 110,000 of each component)

  • 400,000 more from Sputnik V, on February 12.

  • 580,000 AstraZeneca / Oxford doses, February 17.

  • 96,000 doses of Sinopharm arrived on February 28.

  • 517,000 Sputnik V vaccines arrived on March 1.

How to sign up for the vaccine:

Each province will have its plan to apply the vaccines.

At the moment only Buenos Aires has activated it on a specialized website that you can enter by clicking here.

Bolivia

Vaccination status:

Bolivia began vaccination on January 29.

Vaccination plan:

First phase: health personnel, people over 60 years of age and people with illnesses

Second phase: The entire population between 18 and 59 years of age throughout the country (except pregnant women)

Vaccines included in the agreements:

  • Sputnik V - (Sputnik V has been the only one received and applied)

  • AstraZeneca / Oxford

  • Sinopharm

  • Covax program

How many doses do you expect to receive:

On January 28, 2021, the country received 20,000 doses of Sputnik V, as part of the agreement to receive 2.6 million doses of the Russian vaccine.

The Bolivian government announced on January 13 that it has a contract with AstraZeneca for 5 million doses.

And on February 11, it announced that it had signed an agreement to purchase 500,000 doses from Sinopharm, which according to the Government will arrive before the end of February.

How to sign up for the vaccine:

There is still no vaccination registration system.

Brazil

Vaccination status:

Brazil began its vaccination in January 2021.

Vaccination plan:

The Government has said that priority will be given to health and education workers, the indigenous population, those over 60 and up to 74 years of age, riverside communities, the homeless, people with a history of health risks, security forces, transportation and inmates.

The vaccines are distributed to the states and municipalities, which are in charge of establishing mechanisms for the application of the vaccine.

Vaccines included in the agreements:

- AstraZeneca / Oxford


- Sinovac (China)

How many doses do you expect to receive:

2 million doses of AstraZeneca


120,000 Coronavac vaccines, as of November 2020

They have said they will receive 46 million doses of the vaccine (6 million ready to apply and the raw material to create 40 million more

How to sign up for the vaccine:

Each municipality establishes its mechanisms.

In Rio de Janeiro, for example, there is no need to register: people must present themselves with their document to prove their age and prove that they live in the city.

chili

Vaccination status:

Chile began its vaccination in December 2020.

Vaccination plan:

The Government of Chile has an ambitious vaccination plan that it expects to reach 80% of the population (15 million people) by the end of the first half of 2021.

In this quarter, priority is given to health personnel, residents of long-stay centers, critical government personnel, people over 65 years of age, and people with comorbidities.

As of February 15, at least 2,092,453 people had received the first dose of the coronavirus vaccine, according to the Chilean Ministry of Health.

Vaccines included in the agreements:

Pfizer / BioNTech


Sinovac


AstraZeneca


Johnson & Johnson


Covax Program.

How many doses do you expect to receive:

More than 10 million doses of Sinovac


Seeks to obtain 10 million of the Pfizer / BioNtTech vaccine.


11 million doses from AstraZeneca, Johnson & Johnson and the Covax alliance

How to Sign Up for the Vaccine

People can find their vaccination site here.

Colombia

Vaccination status

: The first batch of 50,000 vaccines arrived in the country on February 15.

The vaccination began on February 17.

Vaccination plan:

It is divided into two phases and five stages.

Stage 1 of the first phase is scheduled to begin on February 17: it includes people over 80 years of age and health personnel on the front lines of covid-19 care.

Vaccines included in the agreements:

  • Pfizer / BioNTech

  • Sinovac

  • AstraZeneca

  • Modern

  • Johnson & Johnosn / Janssen

How many doses do you expect to receive:

  • Pfizer: 10 million doses purchased for 5 million people

  • AstraZeneca: Colombia bought 10 million doses for 5 million people

  • Janssen: 9 million doses for 9 million people

  • Modern: the National Government has just purchased 10 million doses for 5 million people

  • Sinovac: 2.5 million doses for 1,250,000 people.

Colombia has already received:

  • 50,000 doses of Pfizer / BioNTech on February 15.

  • 117,000 doses of Pfizer / BioNTech from the Covax program on March 1.

How to sign up for the vaccine:

People can find their vaccination site here.

Costa Rica

Vaccination status: Vaccination

started in December 2020

Vaccination plan:

Health personnel and older adults have priority.

First group - health workers, members of the Police, traffic and other organizations.


Second group - people over 58 years old "regardless of whether or not they have a risk factor"


Third group - people between 18 and 58 years old with risk factors


Fourth group - Ministry of Education officials and staff

Vaccines included in the agreements:

  • Pfizer / BioNTech

  • AstraZeneca

How many doses do you expect to receive:

  • 3 million doses of Pfizer

  • 1 million doses of AstraZeneca

How to sign up for the vaccine:

The Costa Rican Social Security Fund is in charge of the vaccination process in the country through the Ebais (Basic Teams for Comprehensive Health Care) that are throughout the country and are the ones who have begun to call and search for people who qualify for vaccination in the early stages.

People are also asked to update their data in the EDUS application so that they can be contacted.

Cuba

Cuba expects to distribute its vaccine in April 1:57

Vaccination status: Vaccination

has not started.

Vaccination plan:

The Government of Cuba plans to begin vaccination in April 2021. First its population (without specifying an order yet) and then they say they will offer it to tourists.

How Cuba will be supplied with vaccines:

The island is developing 4 vaccines against covid-19:


Soberana 1, Soberana 2, Mambisa and Abdala

How many doses do you expect to get:

Cuba affirms that it could develop 100 million doses for national use and export.

How to sign up for the vaccine:

There is no information

Ecuador

Vaccination status:

Ecuador began vaccination on January 21, 2021.

Vaccination plan:

Ecuador began phase 0 (pilot plan) of vaccination in January.

On February 15, the Government announced that phase 0 would be expanded to vaccinate 100% of health personnel and 100% of the elderly in long-term care centers, as well as the people who work in these places.

The Government says that groups will then be prioritized as follows:

- Older adults


- Medical personnel


- National Police and Armed Forces teachers


- Vulnerable population


- Firefighters


- Waste recyclers


- Strategic sectors


- General population

With which pharmaceutical companies have you established agreements?

  • Pfizer / BioNtech

  • AstraZeneca / Oxford

  • Covax program

How many doses do you expect to receive:

Ecuador received 8,000 of the 86,000 vaccines in the pilot plan phase in January.


The 2 million doses negotiated with Pfizer are expected to gradually arrive in March.


On February 15, it was announced that they would receive 6 million doses from Pfizer.

On February 17, the second batch of vaccines arrived with 16,380 doses of the Pfizer vaccine.

They added that they expect 5.04 million doses of AstraZeneca and 7.05 of Covax, for a total of 18 million doses.

How to access the vaccine?

There is no registration system enabled.

(Credit: Manuel Velasquez / Getty Images)

The Savior

Vaccination status:

Vaccination in El Salvador began on February 17.

El Salvador began vaccinating front-line personnel against the new coronavirus from this Wednesday.

According to the Health authorities, later those over 60 years of age and people at risk or with pre-existing diseases will be immunized

The president of El Salvador, Nayib Bukele, had announced that this Wednesday, February 17, the first shipment of vaccines produced by AstraZeneca and the University of Oxford would arrive in El Salvador.

Pharmaceutical companies with which they have made agreements:

The National Directorate of Medicines of El Salvador approved last December the "import, distribution and use" of the vaccine against covid-19 produced by AstraZeneca and the University of Oxford, as confirmed by the authorities through a statement at the end of 2020 .

In addition, the Government will receive a batch of vaccines through Covax, the alliance that seeks equitable access to vaccines.

How to sign up for the vaccine:

There is still no established protocol for this.

Guatemala

Vaccination status: Vaccination

has not started.

Vaccination plan:

The Government published on February 2 the National Vaccination Plan against covid-19.

These groups are the ones that have priority:

  • Workers in health centers treating covid-19 patients

  • Workers in health centers not included in the first group

  • Firefighters, paramedics, funeral home workers, nursing home workers, medical students and others who have to do "practices in health facilities."

Then people in long-term care homes (patients and workers) and older than 80 years.

Pharmaceuticals with which it has made an agreement:

Pfizer


Johnson & Johnson


Modern

Dose you have received:

On February 26, 5,000 vaccines arrived in Guatemala that, according to the Foreign Minister of this country, Pedro Brolo, were donated by Israel and correspond to the vaccines manufactured by the Moderna laboratory.

Brolo assures that these doses will serve to immunize health personnel, who care for patients with covid-19 on the front line.

At the moment the authorities did not give details on when the vaccination plan will begin.

How many doses do you expect to receive:

The Guatemalan government said in December that it would seek support from Congress to buy 3.3 million doses of the coronavirus vaccine and then 2.5 million more.

He did not specify from which pharmaceutical company.

On January 30, President Alejandro Giammattei said that Covax would send 800,000 doses to the country in the coming weeks.

  • Guatemala will receive the first vaccines against the coronavirus after a donation from Israel

How to sign up for the vaccine:

There is no enabled system.

Honduras

Vaccination status:

Has not started.

Vaccination plan:

The first to be immunized will be four groups:

- Group 1 - Frontline workers, such as doctors, nurses, orderlies, janitors, cleaners, as well as all personnel who provide care either clinically or administratively.

- Group 2 - Over 60 years old.

- Group 3 - People with a chronic disease such as high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease or kidney disease or obesity.

- Group 4 - Workers "essential for the operation of the country" such as public service workers, air, land and maritime customs, relief agencies, holders of the three powers of the State, the Armed Forces, the National Police, among others.

This first group is 1.9 million people "who will be protected through a donation from the Covax mechanism," according to the Government.

Pharmaceuticals with which you have made agreements and how many doses you expect to receive:

Honduras expects to receive vaccines from Pfizer and AstraZeneca and from the Covax mechanism.

The country expects to have 9.4 million doses of vaccines.

Vaccines you have received:

A first shipment with 5,000 doses of vaccine against covid-19 arrived in Honduras on February 26 and will be used to immunize health workers.

How to register for the vaccine:

There is no information.

  • Honduras and Guatemala receive vaccines donated by Israel, a leader in immunization worldwide

Mexico

Vaccination status:

Started December 24, 2020.

Vaccination plan:

Mexico established 5 vaccination stages.

It is currently in the second stage.

Stage 1: Covid-19 control front-line health personnel.

It plans to vaccinate 1.1 million people.

Stage 2: Remaining health personnel and those over 60 years of age.

It plans to vaccinate 14.4 million people.

Stage 3: People from 50 to 59 years old.

It expects to reach 12.7 million people.

Stage 4: People from 40 to 49 years old.

He expects to reach 16.2 million.

Stage 5: Rest of the population.

It expects to reach 49.2 million people.

Pharmacists with which they have made agreements and how many doses do you expect to receive:

Pfizer / BioNTech - 17.2 million doses.


CanSinoBio - 35 million


AstraZeneca - 30.8 million vaccines


Covax Mechanism - 25.8 million doses


Sputnik V - 400,000 doses in February, one million in March, six million in April and the rest in May.

On February 27, 800,000 doses of the Sinovac vaccine against covid-19 arrived in Mexico.

On February 22, the first shipment arrived with 200,000 doses of Sputnik V. In total there will be 24,000,000 doses that the Mexican government arranged with its Russian counterpart.

On March 2, 852,150 doses of the Pfizer vaccine arrived.

The Government expects to immunize 83 million Mexicans in 18 months, with the first three vaccines not counting those of the Covax program.

How to sign up for the vaccine:

For Mexico City, registration for those over 60 years of age is currently available on the website of the City Government.

Nicaragua

Vaccination status:

Has not started.

Vaccination plan:

The Nicaraguan government has not officially presented a mass vaccination plan.

However, the Nicaraguan Minister of Health, Martha Reyes Álvarez, said in an interview with Channel 2 last week that the protocol suggested by the WHO will be applied: first, health workers;

the second group will be that of the elderly "with chronic underlying diseases."

The third group will be the elderly without underlying diseases, but who are vulnerable due to their age.

"Then it would continue with young people or those under 60 years of age who have a chronic underlying disease," Reyes said.

After this group will come "the rest of the population", according to the Minister of Health.

In this first stage, in Nicaragua minors under 19 years of age, or pregnant women, or people whose immune system is affected by diseases or treatments will not be vaccinated.

From which pharmaceutical companies would you receive vaccines?

The Nicaraguan Ministry of Health is targeting the purchase of the vaccines Sputnik V, Moderna, AstraZeneca / Oxford and Covaxina, from India, according to a report by the state media El 19 Digital.

How many doses do you expect to receive:

The vice president of Nicaragua, Rosario Murillo announced that it is expected to vaccinate 3.7 million people with the vaccines that would arrive through the Covax initiative.

According to her, it is expected to reach "at first" 55% of the population, but it is expected to reach the entire population.

How to sign up for the vaccine:

A mechanism has not yet been established.

Panama

Vaccination status:

The mass vaccination plan began on January 20, 2021.

Vaccination plan:

It comprises 4 phases:

  • Stage 1: Health workers and support personnel in the front line, in the public and private system, and adults over 60 years of age who are bedridden and in family homes.

    Also essential groups on the front line, such as the public force, Sinaproc, firefighters and the Red Cross, among others.

    And the population over 16 years of age with a certified disability in the Senadis until December 31, 2020 and bedridden.

  • Phase 2: People over 60 years of age and the population aged 16 to 59 with chronic diseases.

    Also teachers and administrators of public and private schools and universities and staff of the Comprehensive Early Childhood Care Centers, Caipis.

  • Phase 3: Population of the regions and areas of difficult access.

    Population dedicated to risk occupations, such as airports, customs and migration.

    In addition, to drivers of public transport and cargo, and deprived of liberty.

  • Phase 4. Population 16 to 59 years of age, without chronic diseases, and the general population.

The Government of Panama hopes to vaccinate 3 million Panamanians of the 4.3 million inhabitants.

From which pharmaceutical companies will they receive vaccines and how many doses do they expect to receive?

On January 20, Panama received a first batch of vaccines from Pfizer, consisting of 12,840 doses, and according to the Panamanian Government, a new shipment with the 450,000 vaccines agreed for the first quarter of 2021 is expected to arrive in the next few days.

The Ministry of Health assured that agreements were signed to acquire 5.5 million doses of vaccines from the manufacturers AstraZeneca, Covax, Johnson & Johnson and Pfizer.

On February 5, Panama said it was interested in acquiring 3 million doses of the Russian Sputnik V vaccine.

How to sign up for the vaccine:

Those interested in getting vaccinated should register on this website.

"The lack of registration does not imply exclusion in the vaccination process," says the website, but "seeks to facilitate the procedure and logistics in the distribution and application of said vaccines, take the necessary provisions according to the condition of the person, as well how to handle the quantities to be distributed by sector and population density ».

This form is for phase 5 vaccination, according to the national coordinator of the Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI), Itzel de Hewitt.

Paraguay

Vaccination status: Vaccination

started on February 22.

Vaccination Plan:

The Government divided the priority groups into three stages:

  • The first includes health workers and those over 60 years of age.

    With the first batch of vaccines, 2,000 health workers will receive Sputnik V in the first stage.

  • The second phase includes people between 18 and 59 years old with underlying diseases.

    Also to teachers of initial and primary level, workers of essential services and indigenous population.

  • In the third stage are workers at airports and points of entry into the country, military personnel, police, firefighters and people in seclusion.

Pharmaceutical companies with which they have made agreements:

Health Minister Julio Mazzoleni announced in mid-January that the state reached an agreement with two pharmaceutical companies for vaccines against covid-19, but did not reveal details.

How many doses do you expect to receive:

It is expected that 3 million doses will reach the country and through the Covax mechanism receive another 4.3 million doses.

How to sign up for the vaccine:

Initially, health personnel are the only ones who can register, according to guidelines established by the Ministry of Health.

On the page of the Ministry of Public Health and Social Welfare you can access the form, which will ask for some personal information.

The registry is not yet active for the general public.

Peru

Vaccination status:

started on February 9.

Vaccination plan:

The Ministry of Health of Peru plans to immunize 22.2 million people, prioritizing people at risk.

  • Phase 1 -

    In this stage, people who belong to the Health System and continuity of basic services will be vaccinated, such as the president, personnel of the Armed Forces and Police, Firefighters, Red Cross, security personnel, brigade members, cleaning personnel, health students, among others.

  • Phase 2 - People

    over 60 years of age, people with chronic diseases, indigenous peoples, staff of the National Penitentiary Institute, and the population deprived of liberty.

  • Phase 3 -

    General population from 18 to 59 years old.

Pharmaceuticals with which agreements have been made and how many doses they expect to receive:

Sinopharm - 38 million doses are expected, of which 300,000 arrived, on February 7, while another 700,000 doses should arrive in mid-February.

AstraZeneca - 14 million already traded, expected to arrive in mid-2021.

Pfizer - 20 million in total of which 250,000 arrive in March and another 300,000 in April.

Covax Program - Through this mechanism, 13.2 million doses will arrive.

117,000 from Pfizer and 400,000 from AstraZeneca in the first quarter of 2021, according to the government of Peru.

How to sign up for the vaccine:

Citizens may register on a platform enabled by the Ministry of Health with their ID, validating their data.

The system will verify the personal data of the person and will show the history of vaccines they have received, including that of covid-19.

Through a QR code you can download the vaccination certificate, but you can also know the vaccination point and check what phase of vaccination each person is in, according to a statement from the Ministry of Health.

Puerto Rico

Vaccination status: Vaccination

started on December 14

Vaccination plan:


This will be the first stages of vaccination

1A - Healthcare professionals, hospital workers, and staff who live and work in long-term care facilities.


1B - Police, emergency workers, employees of the Department of Education


1C - People with chronic diseases, respiratory problems, kidney patients and immunocompromised people.

In phase 2 the general population will be vaccinated.

Pharmaceuticals with which it has made an agreement:

They are the vaccines that the US Government has approved


Modern


Pfizer / BioNTech

How many doses do you expect to receive

So far, more than 544,000 doses have been distributed in Puerto Rico until February 15, according to the island's Secretary of Health (e).

How to register to receive the vaccine?

Here you can consult the indications to get vaccinated.

Dominican Republic

Vaccination status:

started on February 16.

Vaccination plan:

It has three phases:

  • Phase 1 - first-line health personnel -in principle those who work in care centers for patients with covid-19-, over 60 years of age with comorbidities and prioritizing those who are in nursing homes.

    Also military, police, members of the Navy and teachers.

  • Phase 2 - People between 50 and 59 years of age who suffer from morbidities.

    In Phase IIB, the rest of this population.

  • Phase 3 - Dominican population between 18 and 49 years of age who suffer from comorbidities and later, the rest of the population.

Pharmacists with which they have made agreements and how many doses do you expect to receive:

President Luis Abinader said that 21 million doses are expected to vaccinate 7.8 million people over 18 years of age.

Vaccines included in the agreements:

- 10 million doses of AstraZeneca vaccine manufactured in India


- 768,000 doses of Sinovac vaccine, from China.


- It will also receive a donation from the Chinese Government of 55,000 doses from the pharmaceutical company Sinopharm.


- 500,000 doses from the Covax initiative

On February 15, 20,000 doses of the AstraZeneca vaccine arrived.

How to sign up for the vaccine:

There is no information.

Uruguay

Vaccination status

: Has not started.

The government announced that it will start on March 1.

Uruguay received on February 25 the first batch with 192,000 vaccines against covid-19 from the Chinese pharmaceutical company Sinovac.

“At 11:07 pm, the first doses of vaccines arrived from the Sinovac Laboratory.

Officials of the MSP and the Calmette Laboratory verify that the procedures established for the correct transfer to the Laboratory and subsequent distribution of the doses to the vaccination centers are being followed, ”wrote the Ministry of Health on Twitter.

Vaccination plan:

Health personnel, the elderly in residential areas and the educational sector will be the first to access the inoculations.

Pharmaceutical companies with which it has made agreements:

  • Pfizer

  • Sinovac

  • Covax

How many doses do you expect to receive?

According to President Luis Lacalle Pou, the following will arrive at the end of February and the beginning of March:

- 2 million vaccines from Pfizer-BioNTech


- 1.75 million Sinovac


- 1.5 million vaccines from the WHO Covax mechanism at the end of March.

The president reported that a total of 192,000 doses from the Sinovac laboratory will arrive in the country on February 26.

The first batch will go to health personnel, the education sector, and public forces personnel.

In addition, according to the government, the arrival of 1,558,000 doses of the Sinovac vaccine is expected on March 15 and another 468,000 doses are expected between March and April but from the Pfizer BioNTech laboratory.

How to Sign Up for the Vaccine

The country is currently working on logistics to implement vaccination.

The Uruguayan Ministry of Health said that people should schedule themselves on a website, according to priority group, and with their identity document number they will choose the place and time of vaccination.

According to Raúl Bianchi, logistical advisor to the Ministry of Public Health, the system loaded the numbers of the documents of those who belong to the different groups, therefore, “someone who is not in that group will not be able to be vaccinated in that group. moment".

Venezuela

Vaccination status:

Has not started.

It is expected to start on February 18.

Vaccination plan:

No vaccination plan has been announced.

Pharmaceuticals with which you have made agreements and how many doses you expect to receive:

The questioned President Nicolás Maduro announced that Venezuela would receive vaccines from its traditional allies Russia and China, but a vaccination campaign has not yet been established.

Maduro has also been waiting to receive the Cuban Soberana 01 vaccine, which is still in development.

Venezuela has received:

  • 100,000 doses of the Sputnik V vaccine to vaccinate 50,000 citizens.

    These arrived on February 13.

  • 500,000 doses of the Sinopharm vaccine on March 2.

The Pan American Health Organization announced in early February that the Covax mechanism had assigned Venezuela at least 1.4 million doses of AstraZeneca, but said the country must first pay the US $ 18 million it owes to the program before receiving the vaccines.

Coronavirus Vaccine

Source: cnnespanol

All news articles on 2021-03-02

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