The city of Erding looks back on a long history.
The municipality, which was made a major district town in 2013, has almost 36,500 inhabitants and is known nationwide for the Erdinger Weissbier brand.
is around 31 kilometers from the cities of Munich and Landshut.
The large district town is part of the district of the same name and its district council and administrative seat.
attracts tourists from all over the world as well as day visitors from the surrounding cities with a lot of culture, tradition and regular events.
Erding - Although Erding is a contemplative small town, the city has the best economic prerequisites for the future.
Because Munich International Airport is only about ten kilometers away in Erdinger Moos.
This makes the city remarkable not only for craft businesses as well as small and medium-sized companies.
Due to its proximity to the airport and the state capital Munich, the district town is also of great interest to internationally operating companies.
In the last few years the number of inhabitants of Erding has grown steadily, because the local economy needs more and more skilled workers.
This is also shown by the numbers during the corona pandemic.
In January 2021, the unemployment rate was only three percent despite the negative effects of the measures, which experts classify as full employment.
The advantageous location and the attractive natural environment with many excursion and sports offers make Erding attractive for residents and visitors.
Erding - the early history of the city
For the first time in history, not the name Erding, but that of a district appears in the documents.
In 742, a member of the Agilolfinger gave the district of Altham to the Benediktbeuern monastery.
The current city of Erding was mentioned in a document in 788 under the old name "Ardeoingas".
In the early Middle Ages, a royal court was built in Erding, which King Arnulf donated to the cathedral chapter in Salzburg in 891.
In the Middle Ages the place grew and prospered and so Erding received city rights from Duke Ludwig of Bavaria in 1228.
This was followed by the deliberate expansion into a ducal town with a base on the Landshut – Munich – Schongau highway opposite the Freising monastery.
The city was laid out in the shape of a pear between the Sempt and the extra deepened Fehlbach in order to build a kind of water fortress.
With the first division of Wittelsbach, the city of Erding became part of Lower Bavaria.
Duke Albrecht IV of Bavaria-Munich
Erding in the War of the Bavarian Succession.
In 1506 Lower and Upper Bavaria were reunified.
During the Thirty Years' War the Swedes conquered Erding twice, they plundered and pillaged and brought the plague to the city.
Erding - the history of the modern age
Even in the last 200 years, the history of the city of Erding was marked by armed conflicts.
In the course of the Napoleonic Wars, especially during the Battle of Hohenlinden in 1800, the citizens had to take in and feed soldiers.
Erding and the surrounding communities have been intertwined for centuries.
This unit became official in 1803, when the Erding Regional Court was established with its seat in the city of Erding.
In 1803 it was restructured into district offices, and the district court in Erding became the district office.
There were also 19 communities from the former Dorfen district court.
The district of Erding was established in 1939 when the district offices in the German Reich were appointed to districts.
In the course of the Bavarian regional reform in 1972, the state government formed today's district of Erding with the district town of Erding as the seat of the district council and administration.
During the Second World War, around 50 high-explosive bombs hit the city on the afternoon of April 18, 1945, which the American forces were more likely to want to drop on Freising.
The balance of this day were 120 Erdinger dead and 24 injured, who succumbed to their injuries in the following days.
On May 1, 1945, the Erdinger surrendered their city to the American armed forces without a fight.
Erding - the location of the city
From the city center of Munich, the distance to the city of Erding is around 31 kilometers to the northeast.
The city of Landshut is just as far away in a south-westerly location.
The Sempt is a tributary of the Isar, which curves around the old town in the eastern part of the city.
On the western side, the Fehlbach delimits the old town, which branches off from the Sempt.
In the Middle Ages, these two rivers protected the city from attack.
The city of Erding consists of the three districts of Erding, Altenerding and Langengeisling, the latter two being older than Erding and previously independent.
Erding is divided into 25 parts of the municipality.
Main town (Erding)
3 parish villages (Altenerding, Klettham, Langengeisling)
6 church villages (Altham, Eichenkofen, Indorf, Itzling, Pretzen, Sankt Paul)
5 villages (Ammersdorf, Aufhausen, Bergham, Kehr, Siglfing)
4 hamlets (Graß, Neuhausen, Singlding, Werndlfing)
5 wastelands (Kiefing, Schollbach, Straß, Voggenöd, Ziegelstadt)
1 monastery (Holy Blood)
Erding - the city's economy
With the opening of Munich Airport, the economy of the city of Erding experienced a great boom.
In 2019 - before the outbreak of the corona pandemic - Munich Airport "Franz Josef Strauss" counted around 48 million passengers, making it one of the top ten aviation hubs in Europe.
Its location at the airport and close to Munich makes the city attractive for many companies.
Although Erding does not have heavy industry, it does have a number of traditional companies that are among the world's best in their sectors.
Well-known companies based in Erding include:
Unique Alpine, manufacturer of individual precision weapons for the military and police, since 2017 also hunting and sporting weapons
Erdinger Weißbräu, brewery
Anton Riemerschmied group of companies, spirits manufacturer
Huber Technik, producer of rubber products and conveyor technology
alpha GmbH, sales promotion for the distribution of image and sound carriers
Amadeus (CRS), travel booking system
GLS, parcel service
Wolfra, fruit juice maker
There was a bell foundry in the city of Erding until the 1970s.
The economy in Erding benefits from the comparatively young inhabitants.
While the average age in Germany is 44.5 years, Erdinger men are on average 39.7 and women 41.7 years old.
Erding - the sights
Due to its long history as a ducal town, Erding has many historical buildings to offer that survived the attacks of the Second World War largely unscathed.
City tower with tower parlor, at the same time the bell tower of the parish church
Beautiful tower (Landshuter Tor), a brick building from the 15th century with a dome
Schrannenhalle, a neo-Gothic hipped roof building with three floors, one of which is a high arcade floor (1866)
Count floor, former city residence of the Counts of Preysing, now the town hall of the
Frauenkircherl, former basilica with onion dome from the 14th century with Erdinger carillon, today urban cultural area
Former Holy Spirit Hospital from the 15th century with a facade from the 17th century
Debt tower, remains of the pledge tower and city wall tower
Town houses from the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries in the old town
The Erdinger Stadtpark in the style of English park landscapes was created from the palace and monastery gardens.
Erding - the politics of the city
Since 2008, the politics of the city of Erding has been dominated by Maximilian Goltz from the CSU, who was re-elected in the 2020 local elections.
The last city council elections in the major district town of Erding took place on March 15, 2020.
The results at a glance:
CSU: 33.8% and 13 seats
Greens: 16.2% and 6 seats
Free voters: 15.3% and 6 seats
Erding Now: 13.2% and 5 seats
SPD: 7.1% and 3 seats
AfD: 6.3% and 3 seats
ÖDP: 4.5% and 2 seats
FDP: 2.2% and 1 seat
The left: 1.5% and 1 seat
The voter turnout increased from 49.8 to 56.8 percent compared to the election in 2014.
The parties AfD and Die Linke were not represented in the city council until then.
In the elections in the district, the district administrator was determined by a runoff election.
In the first ballot, Martin Bayersdorfer from the CSU was unable to prevail against Hans Schreiner, who ran as a joint candidate for The Greens, SPD and Free Voters.
In the second ballot, Bayersdorfer achieved 53.19 percent of the vote.