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Since 2012, 271 people have died in Islamist attacks in France


FOCUS - From the killings committed by Mohammed Merah in 2012 to the attack at the Rambouillet police station on Friday, 23 deadly Islamist attacks took place in France, including 5 since 2020. Hundreds of wounded must be added to this toll.

It's a long and macabre list.

Since April 2012, Mohammed Merah sowed death in Toulouse and Montauban, 271 people have been killed in 23 Islamist attacks.

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Impossible, of course, not to remember the most deadly attacks (

Charlie Hebdo,

"November 13" or Nice) or the most striking (the slaughter of Father Hamel or the murder of two police officers in Magnanville).

But it is difficult to spontaneously remember the number, location, recurrence or seriousness of the attacks.

Here is a non-exhaustive list, insofar as it only retains those whose outcome was fatal.

Of the 271 victims, 217 were killed in the two bloodiest attacks - that of November 13, 2015 in Paris and that of July 14, 2016 in Nice.

Five fatal attacks have also taken place since 2020, causing the death of 8 people.

Here is the general data, year by year:

2012: 3 fatal attacks (7 deaths)

2015: 6 fatal attacks (150 deaths)

2016: 3 fatal attacks (89 deaths)

2017: 2 fatal attacks (3 deaths)

2018: 3 fatal attacks (10 dead)

2019: 1 deadly attack (4 dead)

2020: 4 deadly attacks (7 dead)

2021: 1 deadly attack (1 dead)

And, in detail:

● From March 11 to 19, 2012: the three attacks by Mohammed Merah (7 dead)

In March 2012, less than three months before the presidential election, a jihadist, Mohammed Merah, sows death in the South West.

On March 11, he killed a French soldier in Toulouse, then two others in Montauban on March 13.

On March 19, he committed a massacre at the Ozar Hatorah Jewish school in Toulouse, where four people were killed, including three children.

On March 22, Mohammed Merah was shot dead by the RAID.

RAID police officers after the assault on Mohammed Merah's apartment.


● January 7, 2015: attack on

Charlie Hebdo

(12 dead)

January 7, 2015, entering the premises of the satirical newspaper

Charlie Hebdo

, two jihadists, the Kouachi brothers, assassinate eleven people (including eight newspaper collaborators) and injure eleven others.

In their flight, they kill an already injured policeman.

They are finally eliminated by the GIGN in a printing house in Dammartin-en-Goële (Seine-et-Marne).

The attack is claimed by Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQPA).

Charlie Hebdo: what remains of the Charlie spirit?

- Watch on Figaro Live

● January 8, 2015: murder of a policewoman in Montrouge (1 death)

A day later, Amedy Coulibaly, close to the Kouachi brothers, but who has pledged allegiance to him to the Islamic State, shoots a policewoman and injures another person in Montrouge.

● January 9, 2015: Hyper Cacher hostage-taking (4 dead)

The next day, Amedy Coulibaly takes the customers and staff of a mini-market hidden at the Porte de Vincennes hostage and kills four people.

He was shot down during an assault by the RAID and the BRI.

These three attacks in a few days were coordinated.

The Hyper Hide after the attack.


● April 19, 2015: the Sid Ahmed Ghlam affair (1 death)

Algerian student in France, Sid Ahmed Ghlam was preparing attacks, in particular against a church in Villejuif.

As part of the preparation for these attacks, he steals the car of Aurélie Châtelain, a 32-year-old mother, whom he kills with a bullet in the heart.

He was arrested the same day.

● June 26, 2015: the attack on Saint-Quentin-Fallavier (1 death)

In Saint-Quentin-Fallavier (Isère), on June 26, 2015, Yassin Salhi committed an attack on the site of an industrial and medical gas production plant classified as “Seveso” and belonging to the American company Air Products.

Two employees are injured in the explosion.

Before the actual attack, the jihadist slaughtered his employer, Hervé Cornara.

This is the first beheading in the context of an attack on French soil.

● November 13, 2015: seven deadly attacks in Paris and Saint-Denis (131 dead)

This is the attack - actually a series of several attacks - the deadliest committed in France since World War II.

On November 13, 2015, shootings and Islamist suicide attacks left 131 dead and 413 injured around the Stade de France, at the Bataclan and on several bar terraces in the 10th and 11th arrondissements.

They are claimed by the Islamic State.

Among the nine terrorists, the only survivor is Salah Abdeslam, captured by the Belgian police in the Brussels municipality of Molenbeek on March 18, 2016.

● June 13, 2016: the double murder of Magnanville (2 dead)

A police commander, Jean-Baptiste Salvaing, and his companion Jessica Schneider, an official of the Ministry of the Interior, Jessica Schneider, are assassinated in front of their home in Magnanville by Larossi Abballa.

The attack is claimed by the Islamic State organization.

● July 14, 2016: the Nice attack (86 dead)

Another murderous attack, this time on National Day.

At the wheel of a truck, Mohamed Lahouaiej-Bouhlel, Tunisian, rushes into the crowd gathered on the Promenade des Anglais for a fireworks display.

86 people are killed, 458 injured.

ISIS claims responsibility for the attack.

● July 26, 2016: Father Hamel slaughtered in Saint-Étienne-du-Rouvray (1 dead)

During a mass on July 26, 2016, two jihadists lead a hostage-taking in the church of Saint-Étienne-du-Rouvray, near Rouen.

Father Jacques Hamel, who celebrated mass, has his throat slit, a faithful wounded.

ISIS claims responsibility for the attack.

During Father Hamel's funeral mass.


● April 20, 2017: shooting on the Champs-Élysées (1 death)

Armed with a Kalashnikov, Karim Cheurfi shoots at a police vehicle, killing its driver, Xavier Jugelé, injuring two other officers, as well as a passerby.

ISIS claimed responsibility for the attack.

● October 1, 2017: two young women cut their throats at Saint-Charles station (2 dead)

New case of a throat cut after those of Hervé Cornara and Father Hamel.

Shouting "Allah Akbar", Ahmed Hanachi, a Tunisian in an irregular situation, slaughters two young women aged 20 and 21 at Saint-Charles station in Marseille before being shot by soldiers from Operation Sentinel.

The attack is claimed by the Islamic State.

● March 23, 2018: attacks and hostage-taking in Trèbes and Carcassonne (4 dead)

In Carcassonne, on March 23, 2018, the Franco-Moroccan Radouane Lakdim steals a car, killing one of the occupants and injuring the driver.

He then fired six times on CRS finishing their jogging, one of them was seriously injured.

He then goes to Trèbes and enters the Super U, where he kills the head butcher at close range, then a customer.

Radouane Lakdim takes a cashier hostage.

While the gendarmes arrived on the spot, the highest ranking officer, Lieutenant-Colonel Arnaud Beltrame, exchanged against it.

The gendarmerie officer was seriously injured before the intervention of the GIGN.

He died of his injuries and received a national tribute to the Invalides.

The attack is claimed by the Islamic State.

Arnaud Beltrame, national hero.


● May 12, 2018: stabbing attack in Paris (1 death)

Around 9 p.m., at the cry of "Allah Akbar" and armed with a knife, the Franco-Russian Khamzat Azimov, originally from Chechnya, kills a passer-by and wounds four others, rue Monsigny in the 2nd arrondissement, before being shot. by a policeman.

ISIS claims responsibility for the attack.

● December 11, 2018: attack on the Strasbourg Christmas market (5 dead)

On December 11, 2018, armed with a revolver and a knife, a 29-year-old Franco-Algerian, Chérif Chekatt, entered the Strasbourg Christmas market, where he killed five people and injured eleven others.

He was shot dead by the police after a 48-hour hunt.

The attack is claimed by the Islamic State.

● October 3, 2019: attack on the Paris police headquarters (4 dead)

On October 3, 2019, armed with a knife, a computer scientist working in the intelligence of the Paris police headquarters kills four of his colleagues, before being shot.

His Islamist radicalization was not detected beforehand by the police services.

January 3, 2020: attack on Villejuif (1 death)

In Villejuif in the Val-de-Marne, Nathan Chiasson, 22, attacks passers-by with knives, shouting "Allah Akbar".

After sparing a man because he was a Muslim, he kills another and seriously injures two women.

Converted to Islam in 2017, also diagnosed with schizophrenia in the past, the terrorist was shot dead by police officers from the Kremlin-Bicêtre anti-crime squad.

April 4, 2020: attack at Romans-sur-Isère (2 dead)

33-year-old Sudanese refugee, unknown to the police and intelligence services, Abdallah Ahmed-Osman kills two passers-by with a knife and shouted "Allah Akbar" and injures five others in the town of Romans-sur-Isère, in the middle of during the first confinement.

He is arrested right after, praying.

October 16, 2020: attack on Conflans-Sainte-Honorine (1 death)

Samuel Paty, professor of history and geography at the college of Conflits-Sainte-Honorine (Yvelines), is assassinated with a knife and beheaded in front of his establishment.

For showing during a course on freedom of expression caricatures of Muhammad published by the newspaper

Charlie Hebdo

, the teacher had previously been the subject of sharp verbal attacks by parents of Muslim students and then virally on them. social networks, where his name and address were disclosed.

Shot dead minutes after the police attack, terrorist Abdullakh Anzorov was an 18-year-old Russian citizen of Chechen origin.

He enjoyed refugee status.

October 29, 2020: Nice attack (3 dead)

21-year-old Tunisian in an irregular situation, Brahim Aouissaoui enters the Basilica of Notre-Dame de l'Assomption in Nice and kills three people, the sacristan and two women with a knife.

Four municipal policemen intervene and shoot at the terrorist who walks towards them with the cry of "Allah Akbar".

Injured, Brahim Aouissaoui is hospitalized.

April 23, 2021: Rambouillet attack (1 death)

A 37-year-old Tunisian who entered France illegally in 2009 but regularized in 2019, Jamel G. entered the airlock of the Rambouillet police station and killed with a knife a 49-year-old police administrative official, mother of two children.

In the wake of the attack, the terrorist was killed with two bullets by a brigadier.

Numerous non-fatal attacks

Numerous other terrorist attacks have been committed in recent years without being fatal, particularly against soldiers and police. Dozens of victims were nevertheless injured, some seriously. Without counting the attacks thwarted in advance by the intelligence services, some took place but failed, when they could have had disastrous consequences such as

the attack on the Thalys train on August 21, 2015

: there was " only »three wounded thanks to the intervention of several passengers, including two American soldiers, who succeeded in controlling the Moroccan jihadist Ayoub El Khazzani, armed with a Kalashnikov and member of the terrorist cell which had organized the attacks of November 13 in France.

May 24, 2019

, an Algerian jihadist, Mohamed Hichem Medjoub, who pledged allegiance to the Islamic State, detonated a

bomb on rue Victor-Hugo in Lyon

, injuring 14 people.

More recently,

on April 27, 2020

, Youssef Tihlah, born in 1990 in Meurthe-et-Moselle and having pledged allegiance to the Islamic State, ran into two seriously injured police bikers while driving his car.

On September 25, 2020

, two people were seriously injured with knives near the former premises of the

Charlie Hebdo


by a 25-year-old Pakistani, Zaheer Hassan Mehmood, who wrongly benefited from the status of assisted minor.

He claims to have acted in retaliation for the recent republication by the satirical newspaper of the cartoons of Muhammad.

Source: lefigaro

All news articles on 2021-04-25

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