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Upper Respiratory Tract Infections | Many schools have been suspended for at least 5 days, fever and cough, 6 symptoms, 2 soups to relieve infection

2021-05-08T15:56:43.035Z

Upper respiratory tract infection broke out in many schools again! From April 18 to May 3, the Center for Health Protection recorded a total of 99 school outbreaks of upper respiratory tract infection and influenza disease, involving more than 650 people. The school involved



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Written by: Liao Qingxia

2021-05-07 14:15

The last update date: 2021-05-07 14:38

Upper respiratory tract infection broke out in many schools again!

From April 18 to May 3, the Center for Health Protection recorded a total of 99 cases of upper respiratory tract infection and influenza disease outbreaks in 99 schools, involving more than 650 people. The schools involved were required to suspend classes immediately for 5 days and reported to all school staff And students issued a mandatory test order for the new coronavirus to reduce the risk of transmission.

What is an upper respiratory tract infection?

Symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection include fever and sore throat?

Which types of upper respiratory tract infections are at high risk?

The Center for Health Protection will distribute deep throat saliva sample bottles to schools with outbreaks of upper respiratory tract infections, test teachers and students in the affected classes for the new crown virus, and request suspension of classes for five days. It also strongly urges everyone to maintain personal and environmental hygiene at all times.

(Information Picture/Photo by Deng Yinglin)

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Patients with upper respiratory tract infection will experience symptoms such as cough, sore throat, runny nose, fever, etc., which can be spread through droplets or indirect contact.

So what is the difference between upper respiratory tract infection and new coronary pneumonia?

▼ Upper respiratory tract infection is cold?

Need antibiotic treatment?

(According to the picture 👇👇👇)

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1) What is an upper respiratory tract infection?

Upper respiratory tract infection, which we often call "cold and flu," refers to infections in the nasal cavity, sinuses, pharynx, throat and vocal cords.

Mainly caused by viruses, but can also be caused by bacteria.

Common examples of viral infections are colds and influenza.

2) What are the symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection?

Symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection include cough, sore throat, runny nose, fever, headache and muscle pain.

▼ Upper respiratory tract infection will cause fever. How much is the fever first?

👇👇👇 Refer

to the "Fever Temperature Reference Value" provided by the

Department of Health

according to the picture

:

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3) What other diseases can be caused by upper respiratory tract infection?

In addition to symptoms such as cough and fever, upper respiratory tract infections can also cause colds, acute pharyngitis, tonsillitis, acute sinusitis, and acute bronchitis; and may last for an average of 1 to 3 weeks.

▼ How long does an upper respiratory tract infection last on average?

(According to the picture 👇👇👇)

4) What are the transmission routes of upper respiratory tract infections?

Upper respiratory tract infections can be spread through:

• Droplet transmission: inhalation of droplets produced by the patient when coughing, sneezing or speaking comes into contact with mucous membranes

• Indirect contact transmission: touching the surface (such as door handles, handrails) contaminated by patient secretions with both hands, and then touching your own mouth, nose or eyes to bring the virus/bacteria into the body or pass it on to others

5) Does the upper respiratory tract infection need to be treated with antibiotics?

Most upper respiratory tract infections are caused by viruses and do not require antibiotics.

Antibiotics can only be used to treat bacterial infections.

Inappropriate use of antibiotics not only has the opportunity to have unnecessary side effects of the drug, but also kills normal bacteria in the body at the same time, increasing the risk of infection with drug-resistant bacteria and making treatment difficult.

▼In addition to taking medication for upper respiratory tract infection, Chinese medicine also has some soups and diets to relieve symptoms.

(According to the picture to understand 👇👇👇)

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6) Who are at high risk for upper respiratory tract infections?

▼Persons at high risk of upper respiratory tract infection are more likely to have serious illnesses and complications (as shown in the picture 👇👇👇)

7) What is the difference between upper respiratory tract infection and new coronary pneumonia?

The symptoms of upper respiratory tract infections are similar to those of new coronary pneumonia, including fever, cough, sore throat, runny nose, muscle pain, and headache.

New coronary pneumonia:

or accompanied by lower respiratory tract symptoms, such as chest tightness, pain behind the sternum when coughing, wheezing when walking and talking, hot body, easy to feel cold, etc.

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Some patients lose their sense of taste and smell.

Some experts pointed out that respiratory viruses can impair the human body's ability to perceive odors, so it is common for people infected with the virus to lose their sense of smell.

In addition to loss of taste or smell, some patients with new coronary pneumonia have rashes. The British "King's College London" survey found that 17% of confirmed patients have rash as the first symptom of infection with the new coronavirus; and 21% of those diagnosed even pointed out , Rash is their only symptom.

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8) Are there any sequelae of upper respiratory tract infection?

Influenza: less sequelae

Cold: no sequelae

New coronary pneumonia: permanent damage (such as pulmonary fibrosis)

The lungs of patients with new coronary pneumonia are damaged or cause respiratory failure. Even if the patient recovers, some people may have permanent lung damage.

In addition, the liver may also be damaged, some of which are serious, or cause liver failure.

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9) How to prevent upper respiratory tract infection?

▼ To prevent upper respiratory tract infection, we must take the following measures (as shown in the picture 👇👇👇)

(Source: "Department of Health")

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[Sore throat] Difficulty swallowing is flu?

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01Health

Disease Decoding Colds, Colds, Sore Throats, Fever, New Ways of Urban Health OTT01 ‌Video‌ ‌OTT01 Video

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