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Biden has years of experience dealing with Russian leaders. Here are some key moments

2021-06-19T08:34:15.595Z

Joe Biden will approach his first face-to-face summit with his Russian counterpart on Wednesday with one of the longest foreign policy resumes of an American leader in recent history.



Putin-Biden meeting: this is the backstory 2:50

(CNN) -

President Joe Biden will approach his first face-to-face summit with his Russian counterpart on Wednesday with one of the longest foreign policy resumes of an American leader in recent history.

Biden's experience with Russian affairs spans more than 38 of his years in federal public office under seven US presidents in addition to himself.

He has met with at least three Soviet leaders and two Russian presidents.

With the exception of SALT-I, it played major and minor roles in each of the major arms treaties between the two nuclear powers over the past 50 years.

He previously met with the president of Russia, Vladimir Putin, when Biden was vice president and Putin was prime minister.

This time, however, Biden will meet Putin as an equal and not as the envoy of another president.

This week will be the first major test of how well Biden's extensive record at a particularly low point in US-Russian relations serves amid cyberattacks emanating from Russia and the treatment of opposition leader Alexey Navalny. .

  • ANALYSIS |

    Biden's meeting with Putin has historical echoes

What do Biden's previous years of experience with the Russians tell us about his current approach?

As a senator and vice president, he was frequently sent to Russia as a diplomatic closer.

Although it has not always been successful, it has played a leading role in shaping US foreign policy, especially with the expansion of NATO and the negotiation and ratification of arms treaties.

Here are the highlights of Biden's decades of experience in Russia:

1973

In his first year as a United States senator, Biden makes his first visit to Moscow.

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1975

Biden joins the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.

August 1979

President Jimmy Carter asks Biden to lead a Senate delegation to the USSR to convince other senators to support the SALT-II strategic arms reduction agreement.

Carter and Soviet Secretary General Leonid Brezhnev had signed the treaty in June, but its ratification faced a reluctant Senate.

Biden later recalls meeting with Brezhnev, Prime Minister Alexei Kosygin and Defense Minister Dmitri Ustinov.

"I think the prospects for Soviet-American relations are good," says Biden during an interview on Russian television.

"But, to be very frank, it is important that we first approve the SALT-II agreement, which will improve them."

December 1979

The Soviet Union invades Afghanistan.

Carter responds by withdrawing SALT-II from the Senate in January 1980.

May 1982

President Ronald Reagan announces on Memorial Day that negotiations for a new arms control treaty, "Strategic Arms Reduction Talks," or START, between the United States and the Soviet Union will begin in June in Geneva.

1984, February

After negotiations for START I break down, Biden and Republican Senator William Cohen travel to Moscow to deliver a private message from Reagan on a "new approach to gun control," according to

The Washington Post.

Reagan wrote in his diary that the two had "been to Russia and are all involved in 'gun cuts.'

I suspect that at least one of them (JB) doesn't think I'm sincere about loving them.

January 1988

Biden and the president of the Soviet Supreme Court, Andrei Gromyko, left, are holding negotiations on the ratification of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty in Moscow.

(Eduard Pesov / TASS / Getty Images)

Biden returns to Russia on another official visit, this time to discuss Senate approval of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) treaty, which had already been signed by Reagan and Soviet Secretary General Mikhail Gorbachev.

May 1988

The INF is approved in the Senate.

President Donald Trump would withdraw the United States from the treaty on August 2, 2019.

July 1991

START I is signed by President George HW Bush and Gorbachev.

  • PHOTOS |

    Meetings of US presidents with Russian leaders since 1943

October 1991

Biden, now chairman of the European Affairs Subcommittee of the Foreign Relations Committee, presides over hearings on the consolidation of a free market democracy in the Soviet Union.

At the final hearing, he says:

“Unfortunately, we may be ignoring, or at least giving up, the opportunity to further economic stability more vigorously, and if we miss that opportunity, then we all lose the opportunity to establish new friendly and peaceful states in what has so far been called the Soviet Union.

So I am concerned that 30 years from now I may be telling my grandchildren what my father told me when he told the stories of the Weimar Republic and how Germans came to associate democracy with economic chaos.

If I am to tell that story, which I hope I don't have to, at least I want to be able to say that the United States did everything it reasonably could to help in this great attempt at democracy building.

December 1991

The Soviet Union collapses.

June 1992

Before the Senate passes START I, Bush and Russian President Boris Yeltsin sign a joint understanding for a new START, or START II.

Biden praises the deal: "The president has come up with what may be the best deal in gun control history."

July 1992

The Senate Foreign Relations Committee approves START I after Biden adds a condition that requires both countries to negotiate warhead monitoring in START II.

The full Senate approves START I in October.

January 1996

START II is approved by the Senate.

The Russian Parliament approves the treaty in April 2000.

  • OPINION |

    Biden's historic opportunity with Putin

January 1997

Biden becomes the highest-ranking minority member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.

July 1997

NATO invites Hungary, Poland and the Czech Republic to join the alliance after its Madrid summit.

Its admission requires the approval of all existing NATO members.

Biden advocates for NATO expansion at Senate hearings that take place throughout the year.

At a hearing in October, he argued that Russia would not view NATO's expansion eastward as a threat:

“I cannot predict exactly how it will turn out, but I am prepared to predict, and I am, my political future based on the notion that dynamism in Russia is dynamism that looks to the West, sees and eventually will see, security and stability between their old positions from their perspective, and it will moderate, not exacerbate, their attitudes toward dominance. '

April 30, 1998

Senate President Jesse Helms and senior member Biden listen during the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on NATO expansion in 1998. (Douglas Graham / CQ-Roll Call / Getty Images)

The Senate overwhelmingly approves of expanding NATO to include Hungary, Poland and the Czech Republic, the first former members of the Eastern Bloc to join the alliance after the fall of the Iron Curtain.

Biden and Senator Jesse Helms of North Carolina describe NATO expansion as "one of the most important foreign policy issues to come before the Senate since the end of the Cold War," in a story co-authored by the Senate Foreign Relations Commission.

March 12, 1999

Hungary, Poland and the Czech Republic officially join NATO.

January 2001

Biden chairs the Senate Foreign Relations Committee for the first time, but Helms replaces him the following month.

Biden becomes president once again in June and serves until 2003, and again in 2007-2009.

December 2001

President George W. Bush announces plans to withdraw the United States from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty.

Russia responds by withdrawing from START II even before it enters into force.

May 2002

Bush and Russian President Vladimir Putin sign the Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty (SORT), also known as the Moscow Treaty.

Its goal is to reduce the nuclear weapons of both countries by two-thirds by 2012.

  • PHOTOS |

    The life of Russian President Vladimir Putin in pictures

July 2002

Biden and Senator Richard Lugar of Indiana speak with reporters at the White House after meeting with President George W. Bush on June 5, 2002 to discuss the SORT treaty with Russia.

(Luke Frazza / AFP / Getty Images)

At a Senate hearing on SORT, Biden recounted an anecdote about what Bush had told him after signing the treaty.

"I applaud ... the president for his association with President Putin and his willingness to codify this agreement into a binding treaty, as the highest ranking member, Senator Helms, and I had encouraged."

“I must point out my colleagues anecdotally, when we were at the police memorial function that the president attended, I was on stage and when the president came over after he had signed the treaty, he took me by the hand and asked me. He said 'Well, you have your tract.

Now you owe me one. '

That is the reason why he is not only a good president, but a very good politician ”.

June 2003

Now ratified, SORT goes into effect.

August 2008

Russia attacks the neighboring nation of Georgia, an action condemned by the United States and several Western countries.

The George W. Bush administration at one point considers a military response.

  • Relations between Russia and the United States are so deteriorated that only a summit can fix them, says Putin spokesman

February 2009

Biden addresses the Munich Security Conference on February 7, 2009. (Gerard Cerles / AFP / Getty Images)

Biden is now Vice President to President Barack Obama.

He delivered the Obama administration's first major foreign policy speech at the annual Munich Security Conference, calling for better relations with Russia.

"It's time to hit the reset button," he says.

April 8, 2010

Obama and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev sign the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty less than two weeks after its announcement.

They agree in the treaty to reduce their nuclear arsenals by about a third.

The new START replaces SORT before it expires.

Later that year, Obama asks the Senate to pass the treaty before the end of the year, saying he “asked Vice President Biden to focus on this issue day and night until it was done.

It is important for our national security to allow this treaty to be put to a vote. "

December 2010

The new START treaty is approved in the Senate.

March 2011

Biden shakes hands with Putin in Moscow on March 10, 2011. (Alexander Zemlianichenko / AP)

Biden is paying an official visit to Russia, continuing an effort by the Obama administration to strengthen economic relations between the countries.

He meets with Medvedev and Prime Minister Vladimir Putin.

While meeting with Putin, Biden comments: “Mr.

Prime Minister, I am looking you in the eye, I don't think you have a soul. '

(A reference to when George W. Bush claimed in 2001 that he had looked Putin in the eye and seen his soul.)

"We understand each other," Putin replied, according to Biden.

2014

Relations between the United States and Russia deteriorate after Russia annexes the Crimean peninsula in Ukraine.

Biden leads the administration's policy to maintain military and financial support for Ukraine, which ousted its pro-Russian president in February.

Biden makes several visits to the country throughout the year and brings together other European nations to support Ukraine over Russia.

February 2015

Biden delivers another speech at the Munich Security Conference.

He encourages the development of democracy in Ukraine and acknowledges how the playing field has changed since he last spoke at the conference in 2009.

“The United States and Europe are being put to the test.

President Putin has to understand that as he has changed, so has our approach.

We have gone from re-establishing this important relationship to reaffirming the fundamental principles on which European freedom and stability rest.

And I'll say it again: inviolable borders, no spheres of influence, the sovereign right to choose your own alliances.

I can't repeat that often enough.

  • Biden Prepares Intensively for Putin's Tactics with Advisers and Allies

December 2015

Biden speaks to lawmakers at the Ukrainian Parliament in Kiev in December 2015. (STR / NurPhoto / Getty Images)

Biden travels to Kiev, Ukraine.

In a speech to Parliament, he praises Ukrainians for their continued fight against Russian-backed forces, but also warns the country to do more against intergovernmental corruption.

  • New 2019 Phone Call Audio Reveals How Giuliani Pressured Ukraine To Investigate Unfounded Conspiracies About Biden

October 2020

During an interview shortly before the presidential election, Biden says, "I think the biggest threat to America right now in terms of breaking down our security and our alliances is Russia."

December 2020

Putin waits more than a month after the election to congratulate Biden on his victory.

February 2021

Biden and Putin reach an agreement to extend the New START for five years.

March 2021

El gobierno de Biden impone sanciones a Rusia en respuesta al envenenamiento y detención del líder de la oposición rusa Alexey Navalny.

Biden está de acuerdo en que Putin es un «asesino» durante una entrevista televisiva.

Abril de 2021

Biden habla sobre las nuevas sanciones en la Sala Este de la Casa Blanca el 15 de abril de 2021. (Andrew Harrer / Bloomberg / Getty Images)

Al acusar al Kremlin de interferencia en las elecciones estadounidenses de 2020 y su participación en el ciberataque SolarWinds, la administración de Biden penaliza a Rusia con más sanciones y expulsando a 10 diplomáticos rusos. Rusia responde expulsando a 10 diplomáticos estadounidenses.

  • Desafíos Globales | Alexey Navalny, una verdadera pesadilla para Vladimir Putin

Mayo de 2021

La Casa Blanca anuncia que Biden se reunirá con Putin en una cumbre en Suiza, su primer cara a cara como presidentes.

Heather Fulbright de CNN contribuyó a este informe.

Joe BidenVladimir Putin

Source: cnnespanol

All news articles on 2021-06-19

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